Ypsolopha

Ypsolopha is a genus of moths of the family Ypsolophidae. It is the type genus of the family and comprises over 120 described species (about 95% of the family's known world diversity).

Ypsolopha
Ypsolopha.asperella.7136.jpg
Ypsolopha asperella
Scientific classification
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Ypsolopha

Synonyms
List
    • Ypsolophus Fabricius, 1798 (Unjustified emendation of Ypsolopha)
    • Hypsolophus Illiger, 1801 (Unjustified emendation of Ypsolophus)
    • Cerostoma Latreille, [1802]
    • Ypsilophus Oken, 1815 (Unjustified emendation of Ypsolophus)
    • Hypsolopha Billberg, 1820 (Unjustified emendation of Ypsolopha)
    • Theristis Hübner, [1825]
    • Harpipterix Hübner, [1825]
    • Abebaea Hübner, [1825]
    • Theristes; Hübner, [1826] (Incorrect subsequent spelling of Theristis)
    • Chaetochilus Stephens, 1834
    • Harpipteryx; Stephens, 1834 (Incorrect subsequent spelling of Harpipterix)
    • Harpepteryx Sodoffsky, 1837 (Unjustified emendation of Harpipterix)
    • Pteroxia Guenée, 1845
    • Hypolepia Guenée, 1845
    • Harpopteryx; Agassiz, 1847 (Incorrect subsequent spelling of Harpipterix)
    • Hypsilophus Agassiz, 1847 (Unjustified emendation of Ypsolophus and junior homonym of Hypsilophus Wagler, 1830)
    • Credemnon Wallengren, 1880
    • Periclymenobius Wallengren, 1880
    • Trachoma Wallengren, 1880
    • Pluteloptera Chambers, 1880
    • Plutelloptera; Chambers, 1880 (Incorrect subsequent spelling of Pluteloptera)
    • Mapa Strand, 1911
    • Pycnopogon Chrétien, 1922 (Junior homonym of Pycnopogon Loew, 1847)
    • Credemna; Forbes, 1923 (Incorrect subsequent spelling of Credemnon)
    • Melitonympha Meyrick, 1927
    • Chalconympha Meyrick, 1931
    • Credemon; Moriuti, 1977 (Incorrect subsequent spelling of Credemnon)

DistributionEdit

Most Ypsolopha species have been recorded from the Holarctic temperate region.

DescriptionEdit

Ypsolopha species are variable in shape and color and no exclusive superficial features have been established for the group. In contrast, the genitalia of both sexes are remarkably homogeneous.

BiologyEdit

Adults are nocturnal or rarely diurnal. Their resting postures are various, but they often have the head down and the lower body up. Ypsolopha acuminata mimics a small broken branch at rest. The larvae usually live in open webs on the leaves of various, primarily woody, plants and mostly feed on a limited range of host plants. They are active primarily at night and have two defensive behaviors that involve wiggling and jumping.

Selected speciesEdit

Former speciesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Descriptions of three new species of Ypsolopha Latreille (Lepidoptera: Ypsolophidae) from East Asia, redescription of Y. contractella (Caradja) and a checklist of East Asian Ypsolopha
  2. ^ a b c d e Ponomarenko, M.G., Sohn, J.-C., Zinchenko, Y.N., & Wu, C.-S. "Five new East-Asian species of the genus Ypsolopha Latreille (Lepidoptera: Ypsolophidae)." Zootaxa 2760 (2011): 18-28.