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The Young Bukharans (Persian: جوانبخارائیان; Uzbek: Yosh buxoroliklar) or Mladobukharans were a secret society founded in Bukhara in 1909, which was part of the jadidist movement seeking to reform and modernize Central Asia along Western-scientific lines.
In March 1918 they tried to seize power in Bukhara, with help from the Tashkent Soviet, and the Young Bukharans had to flee from the Emir, Mohammed Alim Khan to Tashkent. They returned in May 1920, and this time were successful: the Red Army took Bukhara and the Young Bukharans formed the first government of the Bukharan People's Soviet Republic. In 1923, most of the members purged during 1936–1938.
- Tursun, Nabijan (December 2014). "The influence of intellectuals of the first half of the 20th century on Uyghur politics". Uyghur Initiative Papers. Central Asia Program (published 2 October 2015) (11): 2–3. Archived from the original on 9 November 2015.
- Muslim National Communism in the Soviet Union: A Revolutionary Strategy for the Colonial World by Alexandre A. Bennigsen and S.Enders Wimbush, University of Chicago Press, 1980
- Russia's Protectorates in Central Asia: Bukhara and Khiva, 1865-1924 by Seymour Becker