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Youghal (UK Parliament constituency)

Youghal was a United Kingdom Parliament constituency, in Ireland, returning one MP. It was an original constituency represented in Parliament when the Union of Great Britain and Ireland took effect on 1 January 1801.

Youghal
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18011885
Number of membersOne
Replaced byEast Cork

BoundariesEdit

This constituency was the Parliamentary borough of Youghal in County Cork. A Topographical Directory of Ireland, published in 1837, describes the Parliamentary history of the borough.

The borough appears to have exercised the elective franchise by prescription, as, though no notice of that privilege appears in any of its charters, it continued to send two members to the Irish parliament from the year 1374 until the Union, since which period it has returned one member to the imperial parliament; the right of election was vested solely in the members of the corporation and the freemen, whether resident or not; but by the act of the 2nd of Wm. IV., cap. 88, it has been granted to the £10 householders, and the non-resident freemen have been disfranchised. A new boundary has been drawn round the town, including an area of 212 statute acres.

The new boundary of 1832, contained in the Parliamentary Boundaries (Ireland) Act 1832 (c. 89 2& 3 Will. 4), was as follows.

From the Point to the South of the Town where the new Road to Cork quits the Sea-shore, Northward, in a straight Line to the Point in Windmill Lane where the same is joined by a Bye Road from the North, about Two hundred Yards to the West of the House occupied by Mr. Flyn; thence in a straight Line to the South-western Angle of the Ordnance Ground on which the Barracks stand, near the old Cork Road; thence along the Western Fence of the Ordnance Ground to the North-western Angle of the same; thence, Northward in a straight Line to the Spot where the upper Edge of the great Quarry near Counsellor Feuge's House is cut by a Road which runs through the same to the Mount Uniacke Road; thence along the Road so running through the Quarry to the Point where the same meets the Mount Uniacke Road; thence, Northward, in a straight Line to the Point where a Bye Road which leads from the Mount Uniacke Road to the Waterford Road makes a Turn almost at Right Angles a little to the South of the House called Eustace's Folly; thence, Northward, along the same Road, passing to the West of Eustace's Folly, to the Spot where the same Road meets the Waterford Road; thence in a straight Line to the nearest Point of the Sea-shore; thence along the Sea-shore to the Point first described.

Members of ParliamentEdit

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 1840sEdit

General election 1841: Youghal[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Charles Cavendish Unopposed
Registered electors 498
Whig hold
General election 1847: Youghal[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Confederate Thomas Chisholm Anstey 110 61.8 N/A
Whig William Ponsonby 68 38.2 N/A
Majority 42 23.6 N/A
Turnout 178 34.1 N/A
Registered electors 522
Irish Confederate gain from Whig Swing N/A

Elections in the 1850sEdit

General election 1852: Youghal[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Isaac Butt 111 50.5 N/A
Whig John Fortescue[10][11] 109 49.5 +11.3
Majority 2 0.9 N/A
Turnout 220 84.3 +50.2
Registered electors 261
Conservative gain from Irish Confederate Swing N/A
General election 1857: Youghal[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Peelite Isaac Butt Unopposed
Registered electors 220
Peelite gain from Conservative
General election 1859: Youghal[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Isaac Butt 128 70.3 N/A
Conservative John Rowland Smyth 54 29.7 N/A
Majority 74 40.7 N/A
Turnout 182 77.8 N/A
Registered electors 234
Liberal gain from Peelite Swing N/A

Elections in the 1860sEdit

General election 1865: Youghal[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Joseph Neale McKenna 122 80.3 N/A
Liberal Isaac Butt 30 19.7 −50.6
Majority 92 60.5 +19.8
Turnout 152 64.1 −13.7
Registered electors 237
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election 1868: Youghal[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Christopher Weguelin 127 54.5 N/A
Liberal Joseph Neale McKenna 106 45.5 −34.4
Majority 21 9.0 −51.5
Turnout 233 83.8 +19.7
Registered electors 278
Liberal hold Swing N/A

On petition, Weguelin was unseated due to treating, and a by-election was called.[12]

By-election, 11 May 1869: Youghal[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Montague Guest 126 50.6 N/A
Conservative Charles Green 123 49.4 N/A
Majority 3 1.2 −7.8
Turnout 249 89.6 +5.8
Registered electors 278
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1870sEdit

General election 1874: Youghal[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule Joseph Neale McKenna 124 53.9 +8.4
Conservative Robert Penrose-Fitzgerald 106 46.1 N/A
Majority 18 7.8 −1.2
Turnout 230 83.3 −0.5
Registered electors 276
Home Rule gain from Liberal Swing N/A

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1880: Youghal[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule Joseph Neale McKenna 133 52.6 −1.3
Conservative David Taylor Arnott 120 47.4 +1.3
Majority 13 5.1 −2.7
Turnout 253 87.5 +4.2
Registered electors 289
Home Rule hold Swing −1.3

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Smith, Henry Stooks (1842). The Register of Parliamentary Contested Elections (Second ed.). Simpkin, Marshall & Company. p. 244. Retrieved 14 October 2018 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0901714127.
  3. ^ Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer. pp. 126–127. Retrieved 21 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ Fisher, David R. (1986). Thorne, R. (ed.). "CAVENDISH, Charles Compton (1793–1863), of Latimers, nr. Chesham, Bucks". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  5. ^ Spencer, Howard; Salmon, Philip. Fisher, D. R. (ed.). "CAVENDISH, Charles Compton (1793–1863), of Latimers, nr. Chesham, Bucks". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  6. ^ "Bucks Gazette". 7 August 1847. p. 4. Retrieved 29 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  7. ^ "The Confederation—Meeting in the Musical Hall". The Pilot. 27 August 1847. p. 3. Retrieved 14 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  8. ^ "Birmingham Journal". 28 March 1857. p. 8. Retrieved 14 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  9. ^ Boase, George Clement (1886). "Butt, Isaac" . In Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 08. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  10. ^ "General Election". Dublin Evening Mail. 16 July 1852. p. 4. Retrieved 14 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  11. ^ Sanders, Lloyd Charles (1912). "Fortescue, Hugh" . Dictionary of National Biography (2nd supplement). London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  12. ^ "The Youghal Election Petition". Bury and Norwich Post. 20 April 1869. p. 3. Retrieved 24 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.