Yoshua Bengio

Yoshua Bengio OC FRSC (born 1964 in Paris, France) is a Canadian computer scientist, most noted for his work on artificial neural networks and deep learning.[1][2][3] He was a co-recipient of the 2018 ACM A.M. Turing Award for his work in deep learning.[4] He is a professor at the Department of Computer Science and Operations Research at the Université de Montréal and scientific director of the Montreal Institute for Learning Algorithms (MILA).

Yoshua Bengio
Yoshua Bengio - 2017.jpg
Yoshua Bengio in 2017
Born1964 (age 55–56)
Alma materMcGill University
Known forDeep learning, neural machine translation, generative adversarial networks,"attention model", word embeddings, denoising auto-encoders, neural language models, learning to learn
AwardsMarie-Victorin Prize (2017)
Turing Award (2018)
AAAI Fellow (2019)
Scientific career
FieldsComputer science
InstitutionsUniversité de Montréal
ThesisArtificial Neural Networks and their Application to Sequence Recognition (1991)
Doctoral advisorRenato de Mori
Notable studentsIan Goodfellow, Antoine Bordes

Bengio - together with Geoffrey Hinton and Yann LeCun - are referred to by some as the "Godfathers of AI" and "Godfathers of Deep Learning". [5][6][7][8][9][10][11]


Bengio received his Bachelor of Engineering (electrical engineering), Master of Science (computer science) and PhD (computer science) from McGill University.[12] He was a post-doctoral fellow at MIT (under Michael I. Jordan) and AT&T Bell Labs.[13] Bengio has been a faculty member at the Université de Montréal since 1993, heads the MILA (Montreal Institute for Learning Algorithms) and is co-director of the Learning in Machines & Brains project of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research.[12][13]

Along with Geoffrey Hinton and Yann LeCun, Bengio is considered by Cade Metz one of the three people most responsible for the advancement of deep learning during the 1990s and 2000s.[14] Among the computer scientists with an h-index of at least 100, Bengio is the one with the most recent citations per day, according to MILA.[15][16]

In October 2016, Bengio co-founded Element AI, a Montreal-based artificial intelligence incubator that turns AI research into real-world business applications.[14] In May 2017, Bengio announced that he was joining Montreal-based legal tech startup Botler AI, as a strategy adviser.[17] Bengio currently serves as scientific and technical advisor for Recursion Pharmaceuticals.[18]

Yoshua Bengio being interviewed for the Dutch television series The Mind of the Universe.


In 2017, Bengio was named an Officer of the Order of Canada.[19] The same year, he was nominated Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and received the Marie-Victorin Quebec Prize.[20][21] Together with Geoffrey Hinton and Yann LeCun, Bengio won the 2018 Turing Award.[4]


  • Ian Goodfellow, Yoshua Bengio and Aaron Courville: Deep Learning (Adaptive Computation and Machine Learning), MIT Press, Cambridge (USA), 2016. ISBN 978-0262035613.
  • Dzmitry Bahdanau; Kyunghyun Cho; Yoshua Bengio (2014). "Neural Machine Translation by Jointly Learning to Align and Translate". arXiv:1409.0473 [cs.CL].
  • Léon Bottou, Patrick Haffner, Paul G. Howard, Patrice Simard, Yoshua Bengio, Yann LeCun: High Quality Document Image Compression with DjVu, In: Journal of Electronic Imaging, Band 7, 1998, S. 410–425 doi:10.1117/1.482609
  • Bengio, Yoshua; Schuurmans, Dale; Lafferty, John; Williams, Chris K. I. and Culotta, Aron (eds.), Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 22 (NIPS'22), December 7th–10th, 2009, Vancouver, BC, Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS) Foundation, 2009
  • Y. Bengio, Dong-Hyun Lee, Jorg Bornschein, Thomas Mesnard, Zhouhan Lin: Towards Biologically Plausible Deep Learning, arXiv.org, 2016
  • Bengio contributed one chapter to Architects of Intelligence: The Truth About AI from the People Building it, Packt Publishing, 2018, ISBN 978-1-78-913151-2, by the American futurist Martin Ford.[22]


  1. ^ Knight, Will (July 9, 2015). "IBM Pushes Deep Learning with a Watson Upgrade". MIT Technology Review. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
  2. ^ LeCun, Yann; Bengio, Yoshua; Hinton, Geoffrey (2015). "Deep learning". Nature. 521 (7553): 436–444. doi:10.1038/nature14539. PMID 26017442.
  3. ^ Bergen, Mark; Wagner, Kurt (July 15, 2015). "Welcome to the AI Conspiracy: The 'Canadian Mafia' Behind Tech's Latest Craze". Recode. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Fathers of the Deep Learning Revolution Receive ACM A.M. Turing Award". Association for Computing Machinery. New York. March 27, 2019. Retrieved March 27, 2019.
  5. ^ https://www.theverge.com/2019/3/27/18280665/ai-godfathers-turing-award-2018-yoshua-bengio-geoffrey-hinton-yann-lecun
  6. ^ https://www.theverge.com/2019/3/27/18280665/ai-godfathers-turing-award-2018-yoshua-bengio-geoffrey-hinton-yann-lecun
  7. ^ https://www.techtimes.com/articles/240511/20190329/godfathers-of-ai-win-this-years-turing-award-and-1-million.htm
  8. ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/2019/03/27/google-awards-1m-turing-prize-godfathers-ai/
  9. ^ https://www.forbes.com/sites/samshead/2019/03/27/the-3-godfathers-of-ai-have-won-the-prestigious-1m-turing-prize/
  10. ^ https://www.zdnet.com/article/deep-learning-godfathers-bengio-hinton-and-lecun-say-the-field-can-fix-its-flaws/
  11. ^ https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-03-27/three-godfathers-of-deep-learning-selected-for-turing-award
  12. ^ a b "Yoshua Bengio". Profiles. Canadian Institute For Advanced Research. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
  13. ^ a b Bengio, Yoshua. "CV". Département d'informatique et de recherche opérationnelle. Université de Montréal. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
  14. ^ a b Metz, Cade (October 26, 2016). "AI Pioneer Yoshua Bengio Is Launching Element.AI, a Deep-Learning Incubator". WIRED. Retrieved September 7, 2018.
  15. ^ "Yoshua Bengio, the computer scientist with the most recent citations per day". MILA. September 1, 2018. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  16. ^ "Computer science researchers with the highest rate of recent citations (Google Scholar) among those with the largest h-index". University of Montreal. September 6, 2018. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  17. ^ "A Trump Dividend for Canada? Maybe in Its A.I. Industry". Retrieved October 11, 2018.
  18. ^ "Yoshua Bengio - Recursion Pharmaceuticals". Recursion Pharmaceuticals. Retrieved March 27, 2019.
  19. ^ "Order of Canada honorees desire a better country". The Globe and Mail. June 30, 2017.
  20. ^ "Royal Society of Canada". December 16, 2017.
  21. ^ "Prix du Quebec". December 16, 2017.
  22. ^ Falcon, William (November 30, 2018). "This Is The Future Of AI According To 23 World-Leading AI Experts". Forbes. Retrieved March 20, 2019.

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