Born in Romania, Levi grew up in Israel, where he studied at the Tel Aviv Academy of Music, where he received a Master of Arts degree with distinction. He continued studies at the Jerusalem Academy of Music with Mendi Rodan. He also studied with Franco Ferrara in Siena and Rome, with Kirill Kondrashin in the Netherlands, and at the Guildhall School of Music and Drama in London.
Levi won first prize at the International Conductors Competition in Besançon in 1978. He then spent six years with the Cleveland Orchestra, from 1978 to 1984, as assistant conductor to Lorin Maazel, and with the title of resident conductor from 1980 to 1984. He became music director of the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra in 1988 and held the post until 2000. With the Atlanta Symphony, Levi made several commercial recordings for Telarc, including music of Samuel Barber, Aaron Copland, Miklos Rozsa, and Shostakovich. Following his Atlanta music directorship, he held the title of music director emeritus of the Atlanta Symphony from 2000 to 2005.
Outside of the United States, Levi was Principal Conductor of the Brussels Philharmonic from 2001 to 2007. He became principal guest conductor of the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra in 2001, the first Israeli with that title. Levi served as Principal Conductor of the Orchestre national d'Île-de-France from 2005 to 2012. In August 2013, Levi was named the next music director and principal conductor of the KBS Symphony Orchestra, effective January 2014, with an initial contract of 2 years.
In 1997, Levi was awarded an honorary Doctor of Fine Arts Degree by Oglethorpe University in Atlanta and also gave the commencement address. In June 2001, he was named Ordre des Arts et des Lettres by the French Government.
- Christopher Moore (2008-06-25). "Struck by conductor's bug". The Press. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
- Lawrence B Johnson (2004-05-20). "Classical Briefs". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
- K Robert Schwarz (1989-12-10). "Recordings: A Chance to Meet Some American Composers". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
- David Mermelstein (2000-03-19). "Recordings: The 'Real' Music of a Servant of Hollywood". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
- Martin Bookspan (1990-05-27). "Home Entertainment/Recordings: Recent Releases". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
- Kwon Ji-youn (2013-08-29). "Yoel Levi to conduct KBS Symphony Orchestra". Korea Times. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
- Kaylor Management agency biography of Yoel Levi
- Atlanta Symphony Orchestra page on music directors
- KBS page on Yoel Levi
- Hamilton Jordan Jr, 'Yoel and Eyal Levi: Maestro and the metal head'. Creative Loafing website, 30 May 2007
| Music Director, Atlanta Symphony Orchestra
| Principal Conductor, Brussels Philharmonic
| Music Director, Orchestre national d'Île-de-France
| Music Director and Principal Conductor, KBS Symphony Orchestra