Yi Hae-won

Yi Hae-won (24 April 1919 – 8 February 2020) was a Korean princess and descendant of the Joseon dynasty (Empire of Korea). She was the second daughter of Prince Imperial Ui of Korea, the fifth son of Emperor Gojong of Korea and his concubine, Lady Sudeokdang. Yi was the eldest of the surviving daughters of Prince Imperial Ui, and one of several descendants, including her brother King Yi Seok and her nephew, Yi Won, who claimed to be the legitimate heir to the throne of the Korean Imperial Household.[2][3] Yi died in February 2020 at the age of 100.[4]

Princess Yi Hae-won
Princess of Korea
Member of the House of Yi[1]
Period16 July 2005 – 8 February 2020
PredecessorCrown Prince Yi Gu
Born(1919-04-24)24 April 1919
Sadong Palace, Seoul, Japanese Korea
Died8 February 2020(2020-02-08) (aged 100)
SpouseLee Seunggyu
HouseYi
FatherPrince Yi Kang of Korea
MotherYi Hui-chun
Yi Haewŏn
Hangul
이해원
Hanja
李海瑗
Revised RomanizationYi Hae-won
McCune–ReischauerYi Hae-wŏn

Birth and marriageEdit

Yi was born in Sadong Palace, which was an official residence of her family in Seoul and raised in Unhyeon Palace. She graduated from Kyunggi High School in 1936 and then married Lee Seunggyu, who was kidnapped and compulsorily taken to North Korea during the Korean War. They had three sons and one daughter.[5]

CoronationEdit

Following the death of her cousin Yi Ku on 16 July 2005, members of the imperial family chose his adopted son, Yi Won, as the next Head of the Korean Imperial Household,[6] bestowing on him the title, the Hereditary Prince Imperial of Korea (Hwangsason), representative of an inherited title from Yi Ku.[citation needed] Contesting her nephew's claim and appointment to the throne, Yi Haewŏn announced the restoration of the Korean Imperial Household.[6] Organized by the Korean Imperial Family Association, a private organization consisting of twelve descendants of the Joseon Dynasty,[citation needed] a private coronation ceremony was held on 29 September 2006, during which Yi Haewŏn was bestowed the title, the Empress of Korea.[6].

The crowning of Yi Haewŏn was not approved nor endorsed by the family.[6] The title of Emperor was stripped from the Imperial Family by Japan during the Emperor and King Sunjong of Korea's reign.[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 최정민, 김효정 (2 November 2018). "마지막 황손 이석, '할아버지 고종 황제, 제대로 평가되길'" – via www.bbc.com.
  2. ^ Kim So-min (김소민) (6 April 2010). 아직 끝나지않은'황실의 추억'. HeraldBiz (in Korean). Seoul: Herald Media. Retrieved 29 January 2010.
  3. ^ 전주이씨 대동종약원 "女皇 추대는 억지 장난". The Chosun Ilbo (in Korean). Seoul. Yonhap. 2 October 2006. Retrieved 29 January 2010.
  4. ^ "조선황실 마지막 옹주 이해원씨 별세". monthly.chosun.com (in Korean). 9 February 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  5. ^ "KOREA8". www.royalark.net.
  6. ^ a b c d "Coronation of Korea's new empress leads to royal family controversy". Korea JoongAng Daily.
  7. ^ "순종". terms.naver.com.

External linksEdit