Yevgeny Rodionov

Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Rodionov (Russian: Евге́ний Алекса́ндрович Родио́нов; 23 May 1977 – 23 May 1996) was a Russian soldier who was taken prisoner of war by Chechen rebels in the First Chechen War and later executed in captivity. He has gained much admiration throughout Russia for the circumstances of his death, as his execution allegedly resulted from his refusal to convert to Islam and defect to the enemy side.[1] Despite widespread popular veneration he has not been glorified by the Russian Orthodox Church as a New Martyr due to lack of evidence about his death. Still, icons depicting him are installed in many churches across Russia, in St. Valery church in Chișinău, in a church of Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute in Ukraine, and in the Greek Orthodox Church of St. George in Frankfurt in Germany.

Yevgeny Rodionov
Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Rodionov.jpg
Birth nameYevgeny Aleksandrovich Rodionov
Born23 May 1977
Chibirley, Penza Oblast, Russian SFSR, USSR
Died23 May 1996(1996-05-23) (aged 19)
suburbs of Bamut, Chechen Republic of Ichkeria
Allegiance Russian Federation
Service/branchFSS Border Service
Years of service1995–1996
RankPrivate
Unit2631 Border Troops
Battles/warsFirst Chechen War
AwardsOrder of Courage (posthumously)

Early lifeEdit

Yevgeny Rodionov was born on 23 May 1977 in the village of Chibirley, Kuznetsky District, Penza Oblast,[2] to Lyubov Vasiliyevna and Aleksandr Konstantinovich Rodionov. His father was a carpenter and furniture maker,[3][4] who died a week after his son's death. His mother had a degree in furniture technologies.

In 1978, he was baptized as a Russian Orthodox at the age of one year, but wore no pectoral cross until the first one was given to him in 1988 or 1989, while attending church together with his grandmother. His mother disapproved, but Yevgeny never removed the cross; later he began wearing it with a small string instead of the original chain.[4] After finishing ninth grade at a rural school of Kurilovo in Moscow Oblast, he began to work at a furniture factory and trained to be a driver.[5][4]

Military service and captureEdit

 
A cross on Yevgeny Rodionov's tomb in Satino-Russkoye village

Though Rodionov aspired to be a cook, he was conscripted into the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation on 25 June 1995. His training took place in 2631 Military Unit of Russian Border Troops in Ozersk, Kaliningrad Oblast. On 10 July 1995, he took the military oath.[5] Rodionov was deployed to Chechnya, where he served in the Russian army's border troops as an RPG operator at the 3rd border outpost of the 3rd Motorised Manoeuvre Group of the 479th Border Troops Special Operations Unit (No. 3807).[5]

On 13 January 1996, Rodionov was deployed to the Caucasus Special Border District, serving in the Nazran Border Unit (No. 2094).[4] A month later, on 14 February 1996, accompanied by privates Andrey Trusov, Igor Yakovlev, and Alexander Zheleznov, he went to mount guard over a road. During their duty, they stopped an ambulance car transporting weapons and driven by Chechen Republic of Ichkeria brigade general Ruslan Khaikhoroev. During their attempt to examine the ambulance, all four soldiers were overpowered by a dozen Chechen rebels and taken prisoner. Initially, the soldiers were announced as deserters, and military police came to Rodionov's mother's home to search for her missing son. Only after the detailed survey of the checkpoint did military police discover traces of blood and evidence of fighting; the three missing soldiers then were declared missed in action and possible prisoners of war. Rodionov's mother, Lybov, went to Chechnya, but Rodionov's unit commander told her only that her son had been captured. Shamil Basayev promised to help Lybov to find her son, but after the meeting Basayev's brother beat her brutally,[citation needed] breaking her spine. Only after paying a large sum of money did Lybov find the corpse of her son.

It was revealed that on 23 May 1996, on Rodionov's 19th birthday, after more than a hundred days of torture, Rodionov and two other soldiers were offered renunciation of their Christian faith and conversion to Islam in order to save their lives. Rodionov refused to convert to Islam and even to remove the silver cross he wore. After that decision, he was beheaded on the outskirts of the Chechen village of Bamut by Chechen rebels. Ruslan Khaikhoroev, the murderer, accompanied by an OSCE representative, later admitted the killing, saying to Rodionov's mother, "Your son had a choice to stay alive. He could have converted to Islam, but he did not agree to take the cross off. He also tried to escape once."[6] Andrey Trusov was beheaded; Igor Yakovlev and Alexander Zheleznov were shot dead.

Rodionov's cross was given to St. Nicholas Church in Pyzhy.[6] His body was buried in Moscow, at the Ascension Church near Satino-Russkoye village.[7]

VenerationEdit


Yevgeny Rodionov
 
Soldier, New Martyr
BornMay 23, 1977
Chibirley, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
DiedMay 23, 1996 (aged 19)
Chechen Republic of Ichkeria
Venerated inFolk Orthodoxy, Russia
Major shrineKuznetsky District, Penza Oblast, Russia
Attributesmilitary uniform, Orthodox cross

Yevgeny Rodionov was posthumously awarded the Russian Order of Courage. There was a growing movement within the Russian Orthodox Church to canonize him as a Christian saint and martyr for faith. Some Russian soldiers, feeling themselves abandoned by their government, have taken to kneeling in prayer before his image.[8] One such prayer reads:

Thy martyr, Yevgeny, O Lord, in his sufferings hath received an incorruptible crown from Thee, our God, for having Thy strength he hath brought down his torturers, hath defeated the powerless insolence of demons. Through his prayers, save our souls.

As of 2003, religious icons depicting Rodionov had become popular. His mother has one herself; she has suggested that the icon of her son sometimes emits a perfume which she believes to be holy, to the extent that it actually drips with it.[8]

Because of the popular devotion given to the New Martyr Rodionov, the pious faithful sought official canonization from the Moscow Patriarchate. Initially, it refused, which divided the Orthodox Church in Russia. Maksim Maksimov, Secretary of the Canonization Commission, explained the Synod's position in Tserkovny Vestnik (Church Bulletin), the official publication of the Russian Orthodox Church. His arguments can be summarized in three points:

  1. The only evidence that the soldier was executed for this faith is the testimony of his mother, who in her love made a god of her son;
  2. The Russian Orthodox Church has never canonized anyone killed in war;
  3. The period of new martyrs ended with the collapse of the Bolshevik regime.

However, he emphasized that the deceased can be honoured without canonization. Patriarch Alexy II of Moscow personally blessed the popular account of Rodionov's life but worried that his cult would balloon into anti-Muslim rage.

Opponents of the decision, including Alexander Shargunov, a well-known priest, argued that an outbreak of people's love is enough for the truth and that Rodionov's grave works miracles, curing the sick and reconciling enemies. They also pointed out that the soldier did not die at war but in captivity and that to say that the time of martyrs is over is nearly heresy.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Дубова Ольга Николаевна Евгений — значит благородный // Русский Дом, май, 2006.
  2. ^ ГТРК «Пенза»: В Кузнецке почтили память убитого в Чечне российского солдата Евгения Родионова
  3. ^ А. Зуева Русский солдат выбрал смерть. Со Христом… // Православные лики России, 06.05.2009.
  4. ^ a b c d Новый мученик за Христа воин Евгений. — М.: Хронос-Пресс, 2002. Составитель — настоятель храма Святителя Николая в Пыжах, протоиерей Александр Шаргунов. ISBN 5-85482-065-X.
  5. ^ a b c «…Смерть от мучителей яко чашу Христову прияв»[dead link] // Сайт Союза Работников Правоохранительных Органов.
  6. ^ a b "Russian Soldier Goes Through Chechen Captivity Hell", Pravda Online, January 8, 2003
  7. ^ Церковь Вознесения Господня в Сатине-Русском на сайте temples.ru
  8. ^ a b Mydans, Seth (21 November 2003). "Kurilovo Journal; From Village Boy to Soldier, Martyr and, Many Say, Saint". Retrieved 20 April 2017 – via NYTimes.com.

External linksEdit