Yevgeny Yevstigneyev

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Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Yevstigneyev (Russian: Евгений Александрович Евстигнеев; 9 October 1926 — 4 March 1992) was a prominent Soviet and Russian stage and film actor, theatre pedagogue, one of the founders of the Moscow Sovremennik Theatre.[1] He was named People's Artist of the USSR in 1983 and awarded the USSR State Prize in 1974.[2]

Yevgeny Yevstigneyev
Евгений Евстигнеев
Yevstigneyev in 1966
Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Yevstigneyev

(1926-10-09)9 October 1926
Died4 March 1992(1992-03-04) (aged 65)
Resting placeNovodevichy Cemetery, Moscow
Occupation(s)Actor, theatre pedagogue
Years active1951-1992
Spouse(s)Galina Volchek (1955—1964)
Lilia Yevstigneyeva (1966—1986)
Irina Tsivina (1986—1992)
ChildrenDenis Yevstigneyev
Maria Selyanskaya

Early years Edit

Yevgeny Yevstigneyev was born on 9 October 1926 in Nizhny Novgorod, Russian SFSR (modern day Nizhny Novgorod Oblast of Russia) into a poor working-class family and spent his childhood at the outskirts in the Volodarsky village.[3] He was a late child of Maria Ivanovna Yevstigneyeva (née Chernishova), a milling machine operator, and a metallurgist Aleksandr Mikhailovich Yevstigneyev who was twenty years older than her and who died when Yevgeny was six years old. Maria Ivanovna married another man who died when Yevgeny turned seventeen.[3][4]

By that time he had already finished seven classes of secondary school and applied as a mechanic to the same factory where his mother was working. Yet he dreamed of acting, just like his elder half-brother who served as a comedy actor in the local theatre and died very young, which made his mother to believe that it was a bad sign; she asked the recruiting manager to keep her son's documents and don't let him leave.[3]

During that period Yevgeny became interested in jazz and started playing drums with a jazz band that performed in cinemas. There he was noticed by the director of the Gorky Theatre School (known as Y. A. Yevstigneyev Theatre School of Nizhny Novgorod today) who invited him to join.[4] Yevgeny passed the entering exams in 1947 and graduated in 1951.[3]

Career Edit

He became an actor of the Vladimir Regional Drama Theatre where he served from 1951 to 1954. He quickly rose to fame as the most talented and versatile actor of Vladimir, performing 23 roles in total.[4] In 1954 a Moscow Art Theatre actor Mikhail Zimin who had previously studied with Yevstigneyev returned for him and asked to join the Nemirovich-Danchenko School-Studio at MKhAT.[5] Yevgeny was accepted and went straight to the third course, graduating in 1956 and becoming an actor of the Moscow Art Theatre where he served for a year.[3][4]

In 1957 a number of young MAT actors including Yevgeny Yevstigneyev and his close friend Oleg Yefremov founded the Sovremennik Theatre where he served till 1970. The role of the king in Evgeny Schwartz's play Naked King which was staged in 1960 by Yefremov became his most recognized stage role since.[4] Soon he performed in the leading role of a Young Pioneer camp administrator in the comedy movie Welcome, or No Trespassing. It turned a big hit and gave a great push to his successful movie career which lasted for 35 years and resulted in over 100 roles.[6]

Possessing a brilliant gift of a comic and dramatic actor, Yevstigneyev was immensely popular. His appearance in any film or play guaranteed it a success with viewers. Among his unforgettable performances was the portrayal of Professor Preobrazhensky in Heart of a Dog.

In 1970 Oleg Yefremov was appointed the main director of the Moscow Art Theatre and left Sovremennik. Yevstigneyev followed him along with some other actors, although, according to his colleague Igor Kvasha, he was against this move and tried to convince everyone to stay at Sovremennik.[5] He performed in MAT up until 1988. From 1976 to 1986 he also taught acting at the Moscow Art Theatre School, becoming a professor in 1977.[3]

Last years Edit

During the late 1980s he started experiencing heart problems and survived a heart attack. In 1988 he asked Yefremov not to give him additional roles. Yefremov then suggested him to retire. This deeply hurt Yevstigneyev's feelings and he left the theatre.[4][6] During 1990-1992 he performed in several plays in combination companies. He also starred in an epic historical mini-series Yermak (released posthumously in 1996) as Ivan the Terrible which became his last role.[3]

In 1991 Nikolai Gubenko, at the time a Soviet Ministry of Culture, contacted a famous British cardiologist Thomas Lewis and sent Yevstigneyev and his wife to London. After an examination Lewis told Yevstigneyev that he would perform a surgery, but the actor had no chances. This greatly affected Yevstigneyev, and in five minutes he survived another heart attack which led to coma and his death in several hours.[3][4]

Yevgeny Yevstigneyev was transported back to Moscow and buried at the Novodevichy Cemetery.[7] He was survived by his third wife, an actress Irina Tsivina (born 1963), his son from the first marriage to Galina Volchek — a prominent Russian film director and cinematographer Denis Yevstigneyev (born 1961), and a daughter from his second marriage to an actress Lilia Yevstigneyeva — Maria Selyanskaya (born 1968) who performs at the Sovremennik Theatre.[3][8]

Selected filmography Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ Peter Rollberg (2009). Historical Dictionary of Russian and Soviet Cinema. US: Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 220–221. ISBN 978-0-8108-6072-8.
  2. ^ Cinema: Encyclopedia Dictionary, main ed. Sergei Yutkevich (1987). — Moscow: Soviet Encyclopedia, p. 135
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Yevgeny Yevstigneyev and a collective of authors (2017). I'm Alive... — Moscow: AST, 288 pages ISBN 978-5-17-100296-1
  4. ^ a b c d e f g My Silver Ball. Yevgeny Yevstigneyev by Vitaly Vulf, Russia-K, 2004 (in Russian)
  5. ^ a b Islands. Yevgeny Yevstigneyev documentary by Russia-K, 2006 (in Russian)
  6. ^ a b MKhATchiki. Episode eight. Yevgeny Yevstigneyev documentary by Russia-K, 2012 (in Russian)
  7. ^ Yevgeny Yevstigneyev's tomb
  8. ^ Yevgeny Yevstigneyev's daughter: "I think my parents should've divorced" at Story Caravan Collection, September 2013 (in Russian)

External links Edit