Yercaud

Yercaud is a Hill station in Salem District, in Tamil Nadu, India. It is located in the Shevaroys range of hills in the Eastern Ghats. It is situated at an altitude of 1515 metres (4970 ft) above sea level, and the highest point in Yercaud is the Servarayan temple, at 5,326 feet (1,623 m).

Yercaud
Hill Station
Yercaud Lake
Yercaud Lake
Yercaud is located in Tamil Nadu
Yercaud
Yercaud
Coordinates: 11°46′46″N 78°12′12″E / 11.7794°N 78.2034°E / 11.7794; 78.2034Coordinates: 11°46′46″N 78°12′12″E / 11.7794°N 78.2034°E / 11.7794; 78.2034
CountryIndia
StateTamil Nadu
RegionKongu Nadu
DistrictSalem
Area
 • Total383 km2 (148 sq mi)
Elevation
1,623 m (5,325 ft)
Population
 (2001)
 • Total36,863
 • Density96/km2 (250/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationTN 30 & TN 54
Tamil and English spoken

The total extent of Yercaud Taluk is 382.67 km2, including reserve forest. The entire Taluk is administered as a township. Yercaud also has a village council.

Yercaud has an assembly constituency (Scheduled Tribal Area) is part of Kallakurichi (Lok Sabha constituency).[1].

HistoryEdit

 
Sacred Heart Church, Yercaud

Stone-age implements have been found from the ancient shrine located near Shevaroy Hills ( also known as Shevarayan Hills ), which is about 5 km from the Yercaud lake.[2]

GeographyEdit

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Yercaud
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29
(84)
32
(90)
34
(93)
35
(95)
34
(93)
32
(90)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
32
(90)
31
(88)
29
(84)
32
(90)
Average high °C (°F) 22.9
(73.2)
26.0
(78.8)
26.9
(80.4)
28.6
(83.5)
29.4
(84.9)
29.4
(84.9)
26.6
(79.9)
26.0
(78.8)
26.1
(79.0)
25.0
(77.0)
23.7
(74.7)
23.5
(74.3)
26.2
(79.1)
Average low °C (°F) 12.4
(54.3)
13.3
(55.9)
15.4
(59.7)
17.7
(63.9)
18.1
(64.6)
18.6
(65.5)
17.6
(63.7)
17.3
(63.1)
17.0
(62.6)
16.4
(61.5)
14.9
(58.8)
13.1
(55.6)
16.0
(60.8)
Record low °C (°F) 4
(39)
5
(41)
6
(43)
9
(48)
10
(50)
8
(46)
9
(48)
8
(46)
5
(41)
4
(39)
6
(43)
6
(43)
4
(39)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 17
(0.7)
17
(0.7)
18
(0.7)
81
(3.2)
143
(5.6)
109
(4.3)
187
(7.4)
247
(9.7)
209
(8.2)
250
(9.8)
161
(6.3)
73
(2.9)
1,512
(59.5)
Source: wunderground.com[3]

DemographiesEdit

Yercaud has population app. 40,000 people during the 2001 census period. Scheduled Tribal population of Yercaud is 24,449 people.[4]

The total density of the population is 102 people per km2. The increase of population at the rate of 20% and Yercaud being a Rural township it lacks any urban population. The literacy rate in Yercaud is 62% out of the total population.[4]

TransportEdit

Yercaud is situated in Salem district, Tamil Nadu. The nearest city is Salem, 32 km away.TNSTC - Salem operates the buses from Yercaud to major cities. Alternatively, it can also be accessed from Dharmapuri via Kanavaipudur[5]. The nearest airports are Salem Airport at a distance of 38 km. The nearest railway station is Salem Junction – 38 km.

EducationEdit

 
Montfort School statue

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 October 2008. Retrieved 9 October 2008.
  2. ^ "The Sunday Tribune – Spectrum – Travel". The Tribune. India. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  3. ^ "Historical Weather for Delhi, India". Weather Underground. Retrieved 27 November 2008.
  4. ^ a b "Microsoft Word – SHB001" (PDF). Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  5. ^ "Google Map route".

External linksEdit