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Yentl is a play by Leah Napolin and Isaac Bashevis Singer.

Yentl
Written byLeah Napolin
Isaac Bashevis Singer
CharactersYentl
Avigdor
Hadass
Sheftel
Date premieredOctober 23, 1975 (1975-10-23)
Place premieredEugene O'Neill Theatre, New York City, New York
Original languageEnglish
SubjectGender roles, religion
GenreDrama
SettingPoland, 1873

Based on Singer's short story "Yentl the Yeshiva Boy," it centers on a young girl who defies tradition by discussing and debating Jewish law and theology with her rabbi father. When he dies, she cuts her hair, dresses as a man, and sets out to find a yeshiva where she can continue to study Talmud and live secretly as a male named Anshel. When her study partner Avigdor discovers the truth, she is conflicted about pursuing a relationship with him because it will compromise her higher calling. The film focuses on the spiritual equality of women in a segregated Jewish society that does not see women as equals to men, but at the same time prioritizes religion and relationship to God above all else. More generally, the film's conflict is between one's need for self actualization and the demands of society as well as one's baser desires.

After eleven previews, the Broadway production, directed by Robert Kalfin, opened on October 23, 1975 at the Eugene O'Neill Theatre, where it ran for 223 performances. The cast included Tovah Feldshuh, John Shea, and Lynn Ann Leveridge.

ProductionEdit

Yentl first premiered at the Eugene O'Neill Theatre October 15, 1975 running for 223 performances under the direction of Robert Kalfin concluding October 23, 1975. It was produced by Cheryl Crawford, Moe Septee, and associate producer Paul B. Berkowsky. Scenic design by Karl Eigsti, costume designed by Carrie F. Robbins, lighting designed by William Mintzer, hair design by Patrick Moreton, general manager, Paul B. Berkowsky, company manager Gino Giglio, production stage manager Clint Jakeman, stage manager Richard Manheim, and general press representative Betty Lee Hunt.

CastEdit

  • Hy Anzell – Mordecai / Feitl
  • Herman O. Arbeit – Treitl / Reb Alter
  • Mary Ellen Ashley – Rivka / Necheleh / Chambermaid
  • Robin Bartlett – Raizeleh / Avram
  • Stephen dePietri – Shmuel / Zisheh / Dr. Chanina / Musician
  • Blanche Dee – Pesheh
  • David Eric – Moishe / Gershon / Musician
  • Tovah Feldshuh – Yentl
  • Elaine Grollman – Ziateh
  • Rita Karin – Yachna
  • Lynn Ann Leveridge – Hadass
  • Leland Moss – Lemmel / Yussel / Wedding Jester / Dr. Solomon / Mohel / Musician
  • Albert M Ottenheimer – Nehemiah / The Rabbi / Sheftel
  • Bernie Passeltiner – Reb Todrus / Laibish / The Cantor / Messenger / Musician
  • Natalie Priest – Frumka
  • Reuben Schafer – Reb Nata / The Shamus / Zelig
  • Madeline Shaw – Zelda-Leah / Shimmel
  • John V. Shea – Avigdor
  • Michael James Strafford – Dovid / Yitzhok / Musician
  • Diane Tarleton – Finki / Berel

Screen adaptationEdit

As early as 1968, Barbra Streisand had expressed interest in a film adaptation of Singer's short story. Using the Napolin/Singer play as her source material, she wrote a detailed forty-two page treatment, the first to conceive of the movie version as a musical. The resulting 1983 production veered dramatically from the original short story and play by allowing Yentl to reveal her true feelings for Avigdor and having her return to her female self and sail for the United States at the end.

The film received a scathing review from Singer, who was particularly taken aback by Streisand's monopolization of the production to its detriment, saying: "When an actor is also the producer and the director and the writer he would have to be exceedingly wise to curb his appetites. I must say that Miss Streisand was exceedingly kind to herself. The result is that Miss Streisand is always present, while poor Yentl is absent."[1] The film, however, was well received by others, including reviewers at Time, Variety and Newsweek. Box office receipts were also healthy, both domestically and internationally, and the film was ranked 19th in the year's moneymakers. At awards time, Streisand was famously snubbed at the Oscars, but the film itself received 5 nods, winning for Best Original Music Score. Yentl won two Golden Globe Awards for Best Director and Best Motion Picture (Musical or Comedy).

Awards and nominationsEdit

Year Association Category Recipient Result
1975 Drama Desk Awards Special Mention Tovah Feldshuh Won
Outstanding Actress in a Play Tovah Feldshuh Nominated
1976 Unique Theatrical Experience Nominated
Outstanding Actress in a Play Tovah Feldshuh Nominated
Outstanding Featured Actress in a Play Lynn Ann Leveridge Nominated
Theatre World Awards Outstanding Individual Tovah Feldshuh Won
Outstanding Individual John V. Shea Won
Tony Awards Best Actress in a Play Tovah Feldshuh Nominated

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Napoleon, Davi. Chelsea on the Edge: The Adventures of an American Theater. Includes a chapter on Yentl, the story, the play, and the movie. The dramatic chapter goes into detail about several controversies between strong individuals—Isaac B Singer and Kalfin, Kalfin and Feldshuh, Singer and Streisand, and Kalfin and Streisand. It also includes descriptions of the play and movie. Iowa State University Press. ISBN 0-8138-1713-7, 1991.

External linksEdit