Yemen Eyalet

The Yemen Eyalet[2] (Arabic: إيالة اليمن; Ottoman Turkish: ایالت یمن, romanized: Eyālet-i Yemen)[3] was an eyalet (province) of the Ottoman Empire. Although formally an integral part of the empire, the far-flung province was notoriously difficult to administer, and was often lawless. During the early 17th century, the Eyalet was entirely lost to the Yemeni Zaidi State, only to be recovered by the Ottomans two centuries later. The Yemen Eyalet was reorganized in 1849, upon Ottoman takeover of much of Greater Yemen territories. In 1872, most of it became Yemen Vilayet after a land reform in the empire.

Arabic: إيالة اليمن
Ottoman Turkish: ایالت یمن
Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire
1517–1636
1849–1872
Flag of Yemen Eyalet
Flag
Yemen Eyalet, Ottoman Empire (1609).png
The Yemen Eyalet in 1609
CapitalMokha[1]
DemonymYemeni
History
History 
• Established
1517
• Disestablished
1872
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Mamluk Sultanate
Yemeni Zaidi State
Yemeni Zaidi State
Yemen Vilayet
Today part ofSaudi Arabia
Yemen

HistoryEdit

In 1516, the Mamluks of Egypt annexed Yemen; but in the following year, the Mamluk governor surrendered to the Ottomans, and Turkish armies subsequently overran the country. They were challenged by the Zaidi Imam, Qasim the Great (r. 1597–1620), and by 1636, the Zaydi tribesmen had driven the Ottomans out of the country completely.[4]

GovernorsEdit

First Ottoman period
Second Ottoman period[6]
  • Mustafa Sabri Pasha (May 1850–March 1851)
  • Mehmed Sirri Pasha (March 1851–October 1851)
  • Bonaparta Mustafa Pasha (October 1851–May 1852)
  • Kürt Mehmed Pasha (May 1852–May 1856)
  • Babanli Ahmed Pasha (1st time) (May 1856–December 1862)
  • Musullu Ali Yaver Pasha (December 1862–August 1864)
  • Babanli Ahmed Pasha (August 1864–February 1867)
  • Tacirli Ahmed Pasha (February 1867–March 1869)
  • Halepli Ali Pasha (March 1869–May 1871)
  • Topal Bursali Mehmed Redif Pasha (May 1871–August 1871)
Succeeded by the Yemen Vilayet

Administrative divisionsEdit

Sanjaks of the Eyalet in the mid-19th century:[2]

  1. Sanjak of Mokha
  2. Sanjak of Eharish (Abu `Arish?)
  3. Sanjak of Massu

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Almanach de Gotha. Annuaire diplomatique et statistique pour l'aneé 1867. p. 829.
  2. ^ a b Skene, James Henry (1851). The three eras of Ottoman history, a political essay on the late reforms of Turkey. Chapman and Hall. p. 76. Retrieved 2013-02-25.
  3. ^ "Some Provinces of the Ottoman Empire". Geonames.de. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
  4. ^ Gabor Agoston; Bruce Alan Masters (2009). Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Infobase Publishing. p. 603. ISBN 978-1-4381-1025-7. Retrieved 2013-02-25.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Um, Nancy (2009). The merchant houses of Mocha : trade and architecture in an Indian Ocean port. Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 19. ISBN 9780295989105.
  6. ^ World Statesmen — Yemen