The southern yellowtail amberjack, yellowtail kingfish or great amberjack (Seriola lalandi) is a large fish found in the Southern Ocean. Although previously thought to be found in all oceans and seas, recent genetic analysis restricts S. lalandi proper to the Southern Hemisphere waters. However, they are found in northern hemisphere waters during certain times of the year.
Very little is known of the kingfish's biology, including their habitat preferences throughout juvenile life stages, migration patterns, and wild reproductive behaviour. Adults live around rocky reefs, rocky outcrops and dropoffs in coastal waters, and around pinnacles and offshore islands. Maximum length is often reported to reach up to 180 cm.
Seriola lalandi has been established as a suitable candidate for marine aquaculture. In contrast to the culture of S. quinqueradiata (which has long been cultured extensively in Japan), juveniles of S. lalandi are not easily available from the wild, and juveniles are produced in hatcheries from captive breeding stock. The Stehr Group in South Australia is presently (2010) the largest producer of cultured S. lalandi in the world. Some attempts have been made to culture the species in New Zealand, both in seacages and a large land-based system at Parengarenga Harbour (northern New Zealand). Chile is currently trialling seacage and land-based farming methods. In Germany S. lalandi is being cultivated in the first landbased seafish-culture. The Dutch company, Kingdish Zeeland, is planning to open a land-based aquaculture S. lalandi operation in Maine, USA, in 2022. Most cultured S. lalandi is sold to the Japanese restaurant market for consumption as sashimi. Kingfish can be eaten in a variety of ways, including grilling and drying.
The yellowtail amberjack was formally described in 1833 by the French zoologist Achille Valenciennes (1794-1865) from type specimens sent to him from Brazil by the naturalist and explorer Pierre Antoine Delalande (1787-1823), who is honoured in its specific name. Fishbase includes populations of similar fish in the Northern Hemisphere within this species but other authorities regard Seriola aureovittata from the North Pacific Ocean around Japan and Seriola dorsalis of the north eastern Pacific as separate species.
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- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2019). "Seriola lalandi" in FishBase. August 2019 version.
- Martinez-Takeshita, N., D. M. Purcell, C. L. Chabot, M. T. Craig, C. N. Paterson, J. R. Hyde, & L. G. Allen. 2015. A tale of three tails: cryptic speciation in a globally distributed marine fish of the genus Seriola. Copeia, 103(2): 357-368.
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- Christopher Scharpf; Kenneth J. Lazara (10 August 2019). "Order CARANGIFORMES (Jacks)". The ETYFish Project Fish Name Etymology Database. Christopher Scharpf and Kenneth J. Lazara. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
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- Tony Ayling & Geoffrey Cox, Collins Guide to the Sea Fishes of New Zealand, (William Collins Publishers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand 1982) ISBN 0-00-216987-8
- Yellowtail kingfish biology http://www.microcosmofscience.com
- Cape yellowtail (Giant yellowtail) http://www.aquarium.co.za/species/entry/giant_yellowtail_cape_yellowtail
- SERIOLA LALANDI from New Caledonia (En/Fr)
- Photos of Yellowtail amberjack on Sealife Collection