Yellowstone County, Montana

Yellowstone County is the most populous county in the U.S. state of Montana. As of the 2020 census, the population was 164,731.[1] Its county seat is Billings.[2] Yellowstone County is named for the Yellowstone River which roughly bisects the county, flowing southwest to northeast.[3] The river in turn was named after the yellow Sandstone cliffs in what is now Yellowstone County.[4]

Yellowstone County
Postcard. Pompeys Pillar National Monument.
Official seal of Yellowstone County
Map of Montana highlighting Yellowstone County
Location within the U.S. state of Montana
Map of the United States highlighting Montana
Montana's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 45°56′N 108°16′W / 45.94°N 108.27°W / 45.94; -108.27
Country United States
State Montana
FoundedFebruary 26, 1883
Named forYellowstone River
SeatBillings
Largest cityBillings
Area
 • Total2,649 sq mi (6,860 km2)
 • Land2,633 sq mi (6,820 km2)
 • Water16 sq mi (40 km2)  0.6%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total164,731
 • Estimate 
(2021)
167,146 Increase
 • Density62/sq mi (24/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
Websitewww.co.yellowstone.mt.gov
  • Montana county number 03

Yellowstone County is included in the Billings, Montana Metropolitan Statistical Area.

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,649 square miles (6,860 km2), of which 2,633 square miles (6,820 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (0.6%) is water.[5]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areasEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
18902,065
19006,212200.8%
191022,944269.3%
192029,60029.0%
193030,7854.0%
194041,18233.8%
195055,87535.7%
196079,01641.4%
197087,36710.6%
1980108,03523.7%
1990113,4195.0%
2000129,35214.0%
2010147,97214.4%
2020164,73111.3%
2021 (est.)167,146[6]1.5%
US Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2020[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 United States census, there were 129,352 people, 52,084 households, and 34,219 families in the county. The population density was 49 people per square mile (19/km2). There were 54,563 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.78% White, 0.45% Black or African American, 3.05% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.26% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. 3.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 31.1% were of German, 10.4% Norwegian, 9.7% Irish, 9.3% English and 5.4% American ancestry.

There were 52,084 households, out of which 31.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.80% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.30% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.98.

The county population contained 25.50% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,727, and the median income for a family was $45,277. Males had a median income of $33,475 versus $21,566 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,303. About 8.50% of families and 11.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.50% of those under age 18 and 7.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States census, there were 147,972 people, 60,672 households, and 38,367 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 56.2 inhabitants per square mile (21.7/km2). There were 63,943 housing units at an average density of 24.3 per square mile (9.4/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 90.7% white, 4.0% American Indian, 0.6% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.2% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.7% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 32.4% were German, 14.0% were Irish, 11.3% were English, 10.0% were American, and 9.9% were Norwegian.[13]

Of the 60,672 households, 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.8% were non-families, and 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 38.3 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $48,641 and the median income for a family was $62,380. Males had a median income of $42,899 versus $30,403 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,152. About 7.9% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.[14]

PoliticsEdit

Yellowstone County voters have been reliably Republican for over a century. They selected the Democratic Party candidate in only one national election since 1940 (as of 2020).

United States presidential election results for Yellowstone County, Montana[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 50,772 60.57% 30,679 36.60% 2,370 2.83%
2016 40,920 58.05% 22,171 31.45% 7,395 10.49%
2012 40,500 58.86% 26,403 38.37% 1,904 2.77%
2008 36,483 51.62% 32,038 45.33% 2,158 3.05%
2004 40,903 61.71% 24,120 36.39% 1,263 1.91%
2000 33,922 59.00% 20,370 35.43% 3,207 5.58%
1996 26,367 47.18% 22,992 41.14% 6,523 11.67%
1992 22,822 40.43% 20,163 35.72% 13,465 23.85%
1988 28,069 55.42% 21,987 43.41% 591 1.17%
1984 34,124 63.01% 19,437 35.89% 592 1.09%
1980 27,332 56.57% 15,272 31.61% 5,709 11.82%
1976 25,201 57.11% 18,329 41.54% 595 1.35%
1972 25,205 62.64% 13,602 33.80% 1,430 3.55%
1968 19,898 58.77% 11,682 34.50% 2,277 6.73%
1964 15,571 46.85% 17,446 52.49% 222 0.67%
1960 19,467 60.82% 12,356 38.61% 183 0.57%
1956 18,664 64.91% 10,088 35.09% 0 0.00%
1952 17,556 66.61% 8,750 33.20% 51 0.19%
1948 10,342 50.74% 9,718 47.67% 324 1.59%
1944 8,706 51.44% 8,140 48.09% 79 0.47%
1940 8,479 48.03% 9,036 51.18% 140 0.79%
1936 5,193 37.05% 8,575 61.18% 248 1.77%
1932 5,386 46.90% 5,777 50.31% 320 2.79%
1928 6,904 68.08% 3,205 31.60% 32 0.32%
1924 4,715 55.91% 1,172 13.90% 2,546 30.19%
1920 5,714 65.08% 2,782 31.69% 284 3.23%
1916 3,281 42.06% 4,259 54.60% 261 3.35%
1912 1,004 26.23% 1,193 31.17% 1,631 42.61%
1908 1,803 56.61% 1,114 34.98% 268 8.41%
1904 1,249 70.41% 436 24.58% 89 5.02%
1900 816 54.51% 654 43.69% 27 1.80%
1896 429 42.52% 575 56.99% 5 0.50%
1892 479 53.88% 369 41.51% 41 4.61%


CommunitiesEdit

CitiesEdit

TownEdit

Census-designated placesEdit

Other unincorporated communitiesEdit

Ghost townsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Yellowstone County, Montana". www.census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 13, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Montana Digital Atlas – Montana Natural Resources Information System". Montana State Library, State of Montana. Archived from the original on July 15, 2007. Retrieved September 27, 2007.
  4. ^ "History of Yellowstone as a Place Name". www.yellowstone-online.com. Retrieved April 2, 2018.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on December 5, 2014. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved June 26, 2022.
  7. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  11. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  13. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  14. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 2, 2018.
  16. ^ Anita MT Google Maps (accessed January 8, 2019)
  17. ^ Billings Heights MT Google Maps (accessed January 8, 2019)
  18. ^ Bull Mountain MT Google Maps (accessed January 8, 2019)
  19. ^ Indian Arrow MT Google Maps (accessed January 8, 2019)
  20. ^ Newton MT Google Maps (accessed January 8, 2019)
  21. ^ Yegen MT Google Maps (accessed January 8, 2019)

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 45°56′N 108°16′W / 45.94°N 108.27°W / 45.94; -108.27