|Representing Soviet Union|
|1958 Stockholm||800 metres|
|World University Games|
|1957 Paris||800 metres|
Yermolayeva won the 800 metres at the 1957 World University Games in Paris, her first international success. She also won at the 1958 European Championships in Stockholm, beating Great Britain's Diane Leather in the championship record time of 2:06.3; Czechoslovakian sports statistician Jan Popper ranked her the world's best at the distance that year. Yermolayeva was one of the favorites for the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, but was unable to compete due to injuries.
- Звездные старты Елизаветы Ермолаевой (in Russian). Narodnaya Gazeta. 10 March 2011. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- "EUROPEAN CHAMPIONSHIPS (WOMEN)". Athletics Weekly. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- Yelizaveta Yermolayeva at Tilastopaja (registration required)
- "World Rankings — Women's 800" (PDF). Track & Field News. Retrieved 2 April 2014.