Yekusiel Yehuda Teitelbaum (I)

Rabbi Yekusiel Yehuda Teitelbaum (1808–1883), known as the Yetev Lev (Hebrew: ייטב לב‎),[a] was a Hasidic Rebbe in Austria-Hungary.

Yekusiel Yehuda Teitelbaum
Teie3.jpg
The headstones over the graves of Rabbi Yekusiel Yehuda Teitelbaum and his wife in Sighet
TitleSigeter Rebbe
Personal
Born
Yekusiel Yehuda Teitelbaum
ReligionJudaism
SpouseRuchl Ashkenazi
ChildrenAvrohom Aharon
Chananya Yomtov Lipa
Moshe Yosef
Elya Btzalel
three daughters
Parents
  • Elozor Nison Teitelbaum (father)
Jewish leader
PredecessorElozor Nison Teitelbaum
SuccessorChananya Yom Tov Lipa Teitelbaum
Began1858
Ended1883
Main workYetev Lev

Early life and educationEdit

He was the son of Rabbi Elazar Nison Teitelbaum, rabbi of Drubitsh, who was the son of the Yismach Moshe (Moshe Teitelbaum).

CareerEdit

After his studies, Yekusiel Yehuda, also known by his Yiddish equivalent names as Zalman Leib, was appointed as the rabbi of Stropkov (1833). He moved to Ujhely (1841) and then to Drubitsh (1856). When the Jewish community in the city of Sighet, Hungary, was looking for a new rabbi, he was invited by the heads of the community[3] and was appointed to that post in 1858. In addition to serving as the Rabbi of the community, he also led a yeshiva where Rabbi Yaakov Yehuda Aryeh Leib Frenkel was among his notable students. He also served as a hasidic rebbe and became known as the rebbe of Siget.

Family lifeEdit

Yekusiel Yehuda Tetelbaum married Ruchl, a daughter of Rabbi Moshe Dovid Ashkenazi of Tolcsva and his wife. Their sons were Chananya Yomtov Lipa, author of Kedishas Yomtov, who succeeded his father in Siget; Avrohom Aharon, who became the rabbi of Kolbasov; Moshe Yosef, the rabbi of Ujhel; and Eliyohu Betsalel, rabbi of Tetsh (Tyachiv, Ukraine) (see: Tetsh (Hasidic dynasty)). Yekusiel and Ruchl Teitelbaum also had three daughters.

Among the descendants of Yekusiel and Ruchl was their grandson Rabbi Joel Teitelbaum, the rebbe of Satmar, who emigrated to the United States after the Holocaust.

Reb Boruch of Gorlitz, son of the Divrei Chaim of Sanz, married one of their daughters. A great-grandson of Teitelbaum's from that marriage was Rabbi Yekusiel Yehudah Halberstam of Klausenberg.

Teachings and published worksEdit

Yekusiel Yehuda was the author of Yetev Lev, a Hasidic commentary on the Torah, which he originally published anonymously; Yetev Ponim on the Jewish holidays, and the responsa Avnei Tsedek[4] and Rav Tuv.

Congregation Yetev Lev of SatmarEdit

It is noteworthy that the monument of the Sigeter Rebbe, Yekusiel Yehuda Teitelbaum (1808–1883) spells Yetev with two Yuds, whereas the Congregation Yetev Lev D'Satmar spells Yetev with only one Yud ("Kehal Yetev Lev D'Satmar").

SourcesEdit

Levi Grossman (1943). שם ושארית Shem uSheirith. Jerusalem.

  1. ^ torah.stamtorah.info/2015/07/parshas-pinchas-5775.html
  2. ^ http://www.shemayisrael.co.il/parsha/jersey/archives/matos_masei60.htm
  3. ^ בית סיגט ואוהל. HebrewBooks.org (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2013-02-14.
  4. ^ "Avnei Tzedek". HebrewBooks.org. Lvov. 1885. Retrieved 2013-02-14.
  1. ^ Sometimes pronounced Yitev Lev, based on the two Yuds of his initials.[1][2]
Preceded by
Moshe Schonfeld
Chief Rabbi of Stropkov
1833–1841
Succeeded by