Yeghegis

Coordinates: 39°51′32″N 45°21′41″E / 39.85889°N 45.36139°E / 39.85889; 45.36139

Yeghegis (Armenian: Եղեգիս; Azerbaijani: Ələyəz, anglicized: Alayaz) is a village in the Yeghegis Municipality of the Vayots Dzor Province in Armenia. The village was populated by Azerbaijanis before the exodus of Azerbaijanis from Armenia after the outbreak of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. In 1988-1989 Armenian refugees from Azerbaijan settled in the village.[2] It has a rich historical past, with the medieval Zorats Church, the Tsakhats Kar Monastery and the Smbataberd fortress being located in the vicinity of Yeghegis, as well as a Jewish cemetery from the 13th century.[3]

Yeghegis

Եղեգիս
Ələyəz
Yeghegis.jpg
Yeghegis is located in Armenia
Yeghegis
Yeghegis
Coordinates: 39°51′32″N 45°21′41″E / 39.85889°N 45.36139°E / 39.85889; 45.36139
Country Armenia
ProvinceVayots Dzor
MunicipalityYeghegis
Population
 • Total369
Time zoneUTC+4 (AMT)
Yeghegis at GEOnet Names Server

ToponymyEdit

The name Yeghegis originated from the Armenian word yeghegn which means reed.[4] The village was also previously known as Alagyaz and Erdapin.

HistoryEdit

 
Zorats Church, dedicated in 1303 (also known as St. Stepanos Church)

Yeghegis was a prominent economic and political centre during the Middle Ages, being the seat of the Orbelian Dynasty in the 13th and 14th centuries, which ruled most of Zangezur. However, after the incursion of the armies of Timur, as well as Turkmen and Persian forces, Orbelian rule ended by the 15th century. After numerous earthquakes ruined Yeghegis and with the local Armenian population being forcibly exiled into Persia, the village was abandoned. Refugees from Sumgait settled in the village in 1988.[5]

Zorats ChurchEdit

Zorats Church (Armenian: Զորաց եկեղեցի, romanizedZorats Yekeghetsi, lit. 'Soldier Church') is a unique Armenian church on a hill close to Yeghegis. It was dedicated in 1303 by archbishop Stepanos, during a period in which Armenia was a Mongol vassal state. The church was designed so that cavalry could receive the sacraments without getting off their horses.[5]

Jewish cemeteryEdit

There is a Jewish cemetery in Yeghegis that dates from the period between the 13th and 14th centuries, with the oldest tombstone in the cemetery having been dated to be from 1266 AD and the most recent one having been dated to be from 1346 AD. The Jewish community living in Yeghegis likely had an Iranian origin.[3][5]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Statistical Committee of Armenia. "The results of the 2011 Population Census of the Republic of Armenia" (PDF).
  2. ^ "Եղեգիս". caa.am. Retrieved 15 February 2021.
  3. ^ a b One Way Tour - Jewish Cemetery in Yeghegis
  4. ^ Kiesling, Brady (2005), Rediscovering Armenia: Guide, Yerevan, Armenia: Matit Graphic Design Studio, see Tsaghats Kar Monastery.
  5. ^ a b c Armenian Monuments Awareness Project (AMAP) - Armenian Heritage - Yeghegis

External linksEdit