The Yea River, an inland perennial river of the Goulburn Broken catchment, part of the Murray-Darling basin, is located in the lower South Eastern Highlands bioregion and Northern Country/North Central regions of the Australian state of Victoria.

Yea
GlenburnYeaRiverPipeline.JPG
Pipeline crossing the Yea River at Glenburn
Yea River is located in Victoria
Yea River
Location of the Yea River mouth in Victoria
EtymologyIn honour of Colonel Lacy Walter Yea[1]
Native nameKayigai[2]
Location
CountryAustralia
StateVictoria
RegionSouth Eastern Highlands bioregion (IBRA), Northern Country/North Central
LGAMurrindindi
TownsToolangi, Castella, Glenburn, Yea
Physical characteristics
SourceGreat Dividing Range
 ⁃ locationbelow Mount Tanglefoot
 ⁃ coordinates37°19′56″S 145°28′27″E / 37.33222°S 145.47417°E / -37.33222; 145.47417
 ⁃ elevation566 m (1,857 ft)
Mouthconfluence with the Goulburn River
 ⁃ location
northwest of Yea
 ⁃ coordinates
37°30′53″S 145°31′10″E / 37.51472°S 145.51944°E / -37.51472; 145.51944Coordinates: 37°30′53″S 145°31′10″E / 37.51472°S 145.51944°E / -37.51472; 145.51944
 ⁃ elevation
162 m (531 ft)
Length74 km (46 mi)
Basin features
River systemGoulburn Broken catchment,
Murray-Darling basin
Tributaries 
 ⁃ leftCaptain Creek, Rocky Creek (Victoria), Rellimeiggam Creek, Ti Tree Creek
 ⁃ rightKaty Creek, Murrindindi River
Nature reserveMurrindindi River Scenic Reserve
[3]

Location and featuresEdit

 
Yea River Conservation Reserve Jan 2020

The Yea River rises in the Toolangi State Forest north-east of Toolangi and northwest of Mount Tanglefoot, part of the Great Dividing Range. The river generally flows in a northerly direction, generally aligned with the Melba Highway which crosses the river in its lower reaches. The river is joined by six tributaries including the Murrindindi River, flows east and north of the town of Yea before reaching its confluence with the Goulburn River, near Ghin Ghin Bridge. The river descends 403 metres (1,322 ft) over its 74-kilometre (46 mi) course.[3]

The river is also crossed by the Goulburn Valley Highway, east of Yea.

EtymologyEdit

The suspected Aboriginal Taungurong language name for the river was Kayigai, with no clearly defined meaning. A surveyor's map of circa 1860 gives Kayigai or Muddy Creek, so it is likely that was the Aboriginal name of the river.[2][4]

The river was originally called Muddy Creek in 1824 by explorers Hume and Hovell because of its muddy banks. The river was renamed when or soon after the town of Muddy Creek was renamed Yea.[2][4] The river, like the town is named in honour of Colonel Lacy Walter Yea – a British Army colonel killed during the Crimean War in 1855, the year that Yea was founded.[1][5][6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Lloyd, Ernest Marsh (1900). "Yea, Lacy Walter Giles" . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 63. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  2. ^ a b c "Yea River (entry 622387)". VICNAMES. Government of Victoria. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Map of Yea River, VIC". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
  4. ^ a b Sinnott, Nigel. Place-Names of the Alexandra, Lake Eildon and Big River Area of Victoria. Alexandra: Friends of the Alexandra Library.
  5. ^ "Visitor information - Yea". Retrieved 12 February 2011.
  6. ^ "title missing". The Sunday Age. 3 October 2010. p. 17.