Ye Ting

Ye Ting (simplified Chinese: 叶挺; traditional Chinese: 葉挺; pinyin: Yè Tǐng; Jyutping: Yip6 Ting2) (September 10, 1896[1]:2 – April 8, 1946), born in Huiyang, Guangdong, was a Chinese military leader who played a key role in the Northern Expedition to reunify China after the 1911 Revolution.[2] He started out with the Kuomintang but later joined the Communist Party of China (CPC).

New Fourth Army commander Ye Ting

Ye was the eighth child of Ye Xi and Wu Shi.[1]:3[3]

Ye joined the Kuomintang when Sun Yat-sen founded it in 1919 (the Kuomintang existed prior to 1919 but was called the Chinese Revolutionary Party) and from 1921 was a battalion commander in the National Revolutionary Army. In 1924 he studied in the Soviet Union, joined the CPC December of that year, and in February 1925 transferred to the Institute of Red Professors for his military education.[4]:5-6 In September 1925 he returned to China to serve first as staff officer, then as independent regiment commander, in the Fourth Army of the National Revolutionary Army. In mid-January 1926, Ye joined the attack on Hainan Island.[5] Due to Fourth Army commander Li Jishen's orders in May, the 12th Division joined the Northern Expedition and ordered Zhang Fakui to send Ye's 34th regiment ahead.[6]:62 In May 1926 he led an advance detachment in the Northern Expedition, with several victories in August.[7]:38 In September he besieged Wuchang, breaking through the defenses on the 10 October. He had led the entire effort to blast through the city walls.[8]:66 In 1927 he was a) deputy division commander of the 15th Division, b) division commander of the 24th Division of the 11th Army, and c) deputy army commander of the 11th Army.

On August 1, with Chen Yi, Zhou Enlai, He Long, Zhu De, Ye Jianying, Lin Biao, Liu Bocheng and Guo Moruo, he participated in the failed Nanchang Uprising, when the "Chinese Red Army" was founded. After Nanchang, he went to Hong Kong, whence on December 11 he led the Canton Uprising. After this uprising failed, he was persecuted as a scapegoat and as a result, he was exiled to Europe and when he returned to Asia went into hiding in Macao.

In 1937 he served as army commander of the New Fourth Army. During New Fourth Army Incident, Ye, wanting to save his men, went to Shangguan Yunxiang's headquarters 13 January 1941 to negotiate terms. Upon arrival, Ye was detained.[9]:388 (One source specifies by the 52nd division of the 156th regiment.)[10]:437 Chiang Kai-shek ordered the New Fourth Army disbanded on January 17 and sent Ye to a military tribunal. Ye was then jailed for five years, until 1946. On April 8 of that year, after he was released, en route from Chongqing to Yan'an, he died in a plane crash. Among the victims were his wife, Li Xiuwen; daughter, Ye Yangmei; son, Ye Ajiu; nanny for his children, Gao Qiong; and several senior CPC leaders such as Bo Gu, Deng Fa, and Wang Ruofei.[11]:212 There are rumors that Chiang Kai-shek arranged the crash.[citation needed] On April 17, the Jin Sui branch of the Central Committee of the CPC [zh] held a public memorial at the Lan County airport.[12]:447

Ye had a total of nine children including aircraft designer Lt. Gen. Ye Zhengda. One of his granddaughters, Ye Xiaoyan (叶小燕), through Ye's second son Ye Zhengming (叶正明), is married to Li Xiaoyong (李小勇), son of former Chinese premier Li Peng.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b 段雨生; 赵酬; 李杞华 (2001). 叶挺传:骁将的坎坷. 沈阳: 辽宁人民出版社. ISBN 7-205-04869-9.
  2. ^ "Ye Ting | Chinese military leader". Encyclopedia Britannica.
  3. ^ 叶衍传 (1986). 叶挺家世. 惠州学院学报 (2).
  4. ^ 刘华清; 刘强伦 (2015). 共和国祭奠:新中国成立前牺牲的中共高级将领. 北京: 东方出版社. ISBN 978-7-5060-7900-6.
  5. ^ 佟义东 (2007). 粤军虎将——邓本殷. 文史春秋 (2).
  6. ^ 张庆军; 刘冰 (1996). 北伐壮举. 吉林文史出版社. ISBN 978-7-80626-126-2.
  7. ^ 张明金、刘立勤 (2007). 国民党历史上的158个军. 解放军出版社. ISBN 9787506553872.
  8. ^ 张发奎口述; 夏莲瑛访谈及记录; 胡志伟翻译及校注 (2012). 张发奎口述自传:国民党陆军总司令回忆录. 北京: 当代中国出版社. ISBN 978-7-5154-0121-8.
  9. ^ 郑云华; 舒健 (2007). 中国革命战争纪实:抗日战争:新四军卷. 北京: 人民出版社. ISBN 978-7-01-005094-2.
  10. ^ 杨奎松 (2008). 国民党的“联共”与“反共”. 北京: 社会科学文献出版社. ISBN 978-7-80230-963-0.
  11. ^ Mayumi, Itoh (2016). The Making of China's War with Japan: Zhou Enlai and Zhang Xueliang. Princeton, New Jersey: Palgrave Macmillan. doi:10.1007/978-981-10-0494-0. ISBN 978-981-10-0494-0.
  12. ^ 吴葆朴; 李志英 (2007). 秦邦宪(博古)传. 北京: 中共党史出版社. ISBN 978-7-80199-6855.

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