Yazidis in Armenia
Yazidis in Armenia (Armenian: Եզդիներ Yezdiner, Kurmanji: Êzidî, Yezidi, Russian: Езиды Yezidi) are a subgroup of Yazidis settled in Armenia, where they form the largest minority group. They are recognized as a distinct ethnic group in Armenia. And they are well integrated into the Armenian society, with freedom of religion and non-interference in their cultural traditions.
|35,272 (2011, census)|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Armavir, Aragatsotn, Ararat, Kotayk provinces and Yerevan|
|Kurmanji, Armenian, Russian|
- 1 History
- 2 Present situation
- 3 Distribution
- 4 Notable Armenian-Yazidi people
- 5 See also
- 6 References
Early 20th centuryEdit
Many Yazidis came to the Russian Empire (now the territory of Armenia and Georgia) during the 19th and early 20th centuries to escape religious persecution, as they were oppressed by the Ottoman Turks and the Sunni Kurds who tried to convert them to Islam. The Yazidis were massacred alongside the Armenians during the Armenian Genocide, causing many to flee to Russian-held parts of Armenia. The first ever Yazidi school was opened in Armenia in 1920.
The Yezidi movement erupting in Armenia in 1988 appealed to the 3rd All-Armenian Yezidi Assembly convened on 30 September 1989 (the two previous Assemblies occurred at the dawn of the Armenian SSR's history, in 1921 and 1923) to challenge the Government for the official recognition of their identity. As a result, the Yezidis were presented as a separate minority in the USSR population census of 1989. According to this very census, the total count of Yezidis in Armenia was 52,700. Also need to note that in Karabakh war participated more than 500 yezidis by ethnicity, they have a detachment "Jangir Agha" headed by Aziz Tamoyan.
According to the 2011 census, there are 35,272 Yazidis in Armenia. Ten years earlier, in the 2001 census, 40,620 Yazidis were registered in Armenia. Media have estimated the number of Yazidis in Armenia as between 30,000 and 50,000. Most of them are descendants of refugees to Armenia following the persecution during Ottoman rule, including during the Armenian Genocide, when many Armenians found refuge in Yazidi villages.
Ethnic Yazidis have a slightly younger population compared to ethnic Armenians. Almost 54 percent is under thirty years old, while 8 percent is aged sixty or more.
|Population (urban, rural) by Ethnicity, Sex and Age as of 2011 census|
|Ethnic group||Total||0 – 9||10 – 19||20 – 29||30 – 39||40 – 49||50 – 59||60+|
|Share per age group (%)||100.0||16.9||17.7||19.2||14.7||13.2||10.3||8.0|
Memorials and religious sitesEdit
Foreign evaluations of Yazid rightsEdit
US reports on the relations between Yazidis and the Armenian government have been mixed. According to a 2004 U.S. Department of State human rights report, Yazidis are subjected to some harassment in Armenia. Attendance school rates among children in the Yezidi ethnic minority continued to be lower than average, partially due to economic reasons, a lack of Yezidi teachers and books, and the early removal of teenage girls from schools for marriage. In 2006 the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) supported the government's effort to publish textbooks for ethnic minorities, and in 2007 new Yezidi language textbooks appeared in some Yezidi schools around the country. The textbooks are Aziz. and Hasan Shex Mamude. Also through Armenian government support a first Yezidi newspaper was published named Ezdikhana (ex. name: Denge Ezdia or Yezidi Voice).
According to a 2007 U.S. Department of State human rights report, "As in previous years, Yezidi leaders did not complain that police and local authorities subjected their community to discrimination".
|Province (marz)||Yazidis||% of Yazidis in Armenia|
There are 19 Yazidi-inhabited villages in Aragatsotn Province.
|Aragats district||Talin district||Ashtarak district|
On 29 September 2012 Yazidis opened their first temple outside their Lalish homeland - the temple of "Ziarat" in Aknalich village in Armavir province of Armenia. In August 2015 an architectural design for a new temple in Aknalich was released; the temple is planned to be completed in 2017. This temple, the world's largest Yazidi temple, was built nex to the Ziarat temple and has been finally opened in September 2019, under the name "Quba Mere Diwane".
Notable Armenian-Yazidi peopleEdit
- "2011 Armenian census" (PDF). National Statistical Service. 2011. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
- "The Ethnic Minorities of Armenia" (PDF). Yerevan. 2002.
- Ian S. McIntosh. "A Conditional Coexistence:Yezidi in Armenia". Archived from the original on 2007-12-23.
- "THE ETHNIC MINORITIES OF ARMENIA" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-07-10.
This publications has been made possible due to the support by the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, with the assistance of the OSCE Office in Yerevan
- "De Jure Population (Urban, Rural) by Age and Ethnicity" (PDF). National Statistical Service. 2001. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
- Torikian, Aren (27 August 2014). "Confronting the Yazidi Genocide". The Armenian Weekly.
- "Population (urban, rural) by Ethnicity, Sex and Age" (PDF). www.armstat.am.
- "DocumentView". www.arlis.am. Retrieved 2018-01-25.
- hy:Եզդի ժողովրդի անմեղ զոհերի հուշարձան-կոթող (Երևան)
- "Genocide Museum | The Armenian Genocide Museum-institute". www.genocide-museum.am. Retrieved 2018-01-25.
- Sherwood, Harriet (25 July 2016). "World's largest Yazidi temple under construction in Armenia". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 July 2016.
- "Country Report on Human Rights Practices in Armenia". State.gov. 2005-02-28. Retrieved 2015-09-19.
- "Country Report on Human Rights Practices in Armenia". State.gov. 2008-03-11. Retrieved 2015-09-19.
-  Archived April 22, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
- "Ziarat Day". ArmeniaNow.com. 2012-09-29. Retrieved 2015-09-19.
- "New Temple In Armenia: Laying Of Foundation Stone To Start In September – EzidiPress English". Ezidipress.com. Retrieved 2015-09-19.
- Omar, Shahla (2019-09-30). "World's largest Yezidi temple opens in Armenia". Rudaw.net. Retrieved 2019-10-01.