Yashwant Singh Parmar

Yashwant Singh Parmar (4 August 1906 – 2 May 1981) was an Indian politician. He was a leader of the Indian National Congress and the first Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh state. He was born at Chanhalag village near Bagthan in a Rajput family in the erstwhile princely state of Sirmour. He studied in the Christian College in Lahore and later received his PhD from Lucknow University in 1944.[1] Upon the formation of the constituent assembly of India in 1946, he represented Himachal Pradesh in the constituent assembly.

Yashwant Singh Parmar
Yashwant Singh Parmar 1988 stamp of India.jpg
1st Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh
In office
1 July 1963 – 28 January 1977
GovernorS. Chakravarti
Lieutenant GovernorBajrang Bahadur Singh
Bhagwan Sahay
V. Viswanathan
Om Parkash
Kanwar Bahadur Singh
Preceded byOffice Reestablished
Succeeded byThakur Ram Lal
In office
8 March 1952 – 31 October 1956
Lieutenant GovernorHimmatsinhji
Preceded byOffice Established
Succeeded byOffice Abolished
Personal details
Born4 August 1906
Chanhalag, Sirmaur district, Sirmur State, British India
Died2 May 1981(1981-05-02) (aged 74)
Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
Political partyIndian National Congress
Children4
Alma materLucknow University
OccupationPolitician

Personal lifeEdit

He was born on 4 August 1906 in Chanhalag village of Sirmaur district.[2] He earned a doctorate from Lucknow University.[2] He died on 2 May 1981.[2]

Chief Minister of Himachal PradeshEdit

Yashwant singh parmar was the Chief minister of the state from 24 March 1952 to 31 October 1956.[2] On 1 November 1956 Parmar had to step down as Himachal Pradesh became a Union Territory and was placed under an administrator designated as Lt. Governor.[2] He again became the Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh on 1 July 1963 and he was in office till 28 January 1977.[2] However his differences with Sanjay Gandhi led to his resignation and return to his hometown in Baghthan in year 1977.[2]

FamilyEdit

Dr. Parmar was married twice. His first wife, Chandrawati, died early with whom he had four sons - Jitendra Singh Parmar, Jaipal Singh Parmar, Luv Parmar and Kush Parmar. Then he married a widow Satyavati Dang. Satyavati had two daughters Urmil Parmar and Promila Parmar from her first marriage.

HonoursEdit

 
Statue of Yeshwant Singh Parmar in Shimla

Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, established in 1985 in Solan is named after him. A statue of Parmar was established in Shimla Mall commemorating his contributions to Himachal Pradesh.

CriticismEdit

Yashwant Singh Parmar got stiff opposition from his own party men. Leaders like the then Pradesh Congress President Kunj Behari Lal Butail, who belonged to Kangra alleged discrimination against the merged areas of Himachal Pradesh.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sharma, Ambika (5 August 2006). "Parmar: Proud pahari and able leader". The Tribune. Chandigarh. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Rajeev, khanna (24 October 2019). "Why YS Parmar Remains a Legend, Given Most Present Day Politicians". The Citizen. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  3. ^ Cong leader Butail dead. The Tribune, Chandigarh, India (15 September 2006). Retrieved on 7 December 2018.