Yarda, Safad

Yarda was a Palestinian hamlet in the Safad Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1947–1949 Palestine war. It was located 10.5 km northeast of Safad. The area is now part of Israel.

Yarda
ياردا
Village
Well at Yarda
Well at Yarda
Etymology: Kh. Wakkâs, the ruin of the man with a broken neck[1] Kh. Lôzîyeh, the ruin of the almond tree[2]
Historical map series for the area of Yarda, Safad (1870s).jpg 1870s map
Historical map series for the area of Yarda, Safad (1940s).jpg 1940s map
Historical map series for the area of Yarda, Safad (modern).jpg modern map
Historical map series for the area of Yarda, Safad (1940s with modern overlay).jpg 1940s with modern overlay map
A series of historical maps of the area around Yarda, Safad (click the buttons)
Yarda is located in Mandatory Palestine
Yarda
Yarda
Location within Mandatory Palestine
Coordinates: 33°0′27″N 35°35′38″E / 33.00750°N 35.59389°E / 33.00750; 35.59389Coordinates: 33°0′27″N 35°35′38″E / 33.00750°N 35.59389°E / 33.00750; 35.59389
Palestine grid205/268
Geopolitical entityMandatory Palestine
SubdistrictSafad
Population
 (1945)
 • Total20[3][4]
Current LocalitiesAyyelet ha-Shahar[5] and Mishmar ha-Yarden[5]

HistoryEdit

Khirbat Waqqas was located west-northwest of Yarda, and is recognised as the place the Canaanites referred to as Hazor. Victor Guérin found at Kh. Waqqas in 1875: 'Near a small enclosure, in the centre of which is a broken column consecrated to a santon, are shown the remains of an edifice oriented east and west, once probably a church. It was ornamented with monolithic columns in ordinary limestone, some broken pieces of which are still lying about. Other similar fragments are found in the neighbouring houses. Here and there I remarked cut stones, which no doubt belonged to this monument. A little to the south, a hillock is also covered with ruins of houses.'[6] In 1881, the PEF's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) found at Kh. Wakkas only cattle-sheds.[7]

Yarda itself was located at a place called Kh el Loziyeh in the late Ottoman era. In 1881, the SWP found here: "Caves and ruined cattle sheds".[8]

British Mandate eraEdit

In the 1931 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Yarda had a population of 13 Muslims, in a total of 3 houses.[9]

In the 1945 statistics, the population was 20 Muslims,[3] who owned 1,367 dunams of land.[4] Of this, 1,359 dunams were used for cereals,[10] while 8 dunams were classified as un-cultivable area.[11]

Post 1948Edit

After Yarda became depopulated, Ayyelet ha-Shahar took over some of the village land, while in 1949 Mishmar ha-Yarden was also settled on village land.[5]

In 1992 the village site was described: "The truncated walls of some houses still stand, as well as those of a khan, or caravansary. The site is strewn with stones from crumbled houses. A portion of the land is used as pasture."[12]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 86
  2. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 84
  3. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, pp. 09, 11
  4. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 69
  5. ^ a b c Khalidi, 1992, p. 504
  6. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 452; as translated in Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 248
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 248
  8. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 242
  9. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 111
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 118
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 168
  12. ^ Khalidi, 1992, pp. 504-505

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit