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Yaracuy State (Spanish: Estado Yaracuy, IPA: [esˈtaðo ʝaɾaˈkui]) is one of the 23 states of Venezuela. It is bordered by Falcón in the north, in the west by Lara, in the south by Portuguesa and Cojedes and in the east by Cojedes and Carabobo.

Flag of Yaracuy
Anthem: Himno del Estado Yaracuy
Location within Venezuela
Location within Venezuela
Coordinates: 10°19′N 68°43′W / 10.31°N 68.71°W / 10.31; -68.71Coordinates: 10°19′N 68°43′W / 10.31°N 68.71°W / 10.31; -68.71
CapitalSan Felipe de Yaracuy
 • GovernorJulio León (2008–present)
 • Total7,100 km2 (2,700 sq mi)
Area rank19th
 0.77% of Venezuela
 (2011 census)
 • Total600,852
 • Rank18th
 2.16% of Venezuela
Time zoneUTC-04:00 (VET)
ISO 3166 codeVE-U
Emblematic treeChaguaramo (Roystonea oleracea)

Its geography is mountainous: the Andes range ends there, and the Coastal Range begins. It is split by two mountainous systems, the Sierra de Aroa on the North and the Sierra de Nirgua. In between lies the agricultural land drained by the Yaracuy River. Most cities and towns are in this valley, including its capital San Felipe.

The economy of Yaracuy is mostly agricultural (sugar cane, corn, cattle raising). Some manufacturing can be found in Yaritagua area and Chivacoa, usually in agribusiness.

In recent years, Yaracuy had experienced some growth and social development under governor Eduardo Lapi (1995 - 2004). In 2004, thanks to the Chavez landslide, Lapi was narrowly unseated by Carlos E. Giménez, supported by Chavez political allies in the area. Since then, the economy has been in some turmoil as a considerable amount of land invasions by poor farmers in search of lands have created havoc within the agricultural system. In particular, the sugar cane production has plummeted. Carlos Giménez was followed as governor by Julio León in 2008, after he was removed from power due to allegations of corruption.[1]

Municipalities and municipal seatsEdit

Yaracuy is divided into fourteen municipalities:

# Municipality Seat
1 Aristides Bastidas San Pablo
2 Bolívar Aroa
3 Bruzual Chivacoa
4 Cocorote Cocorote
5 Independencia Independencia
6 Jose Antonio Paez Sabana de Parra
7 La Trinidad Boraure
8 Manuel Monge Yumare
9 Nirgua Nirgua
10 Peña Yaritagua
11 San Felipe San Felipe de Yaracuy
12 Sucre Guama
13 Urachiche Urachiche
14 Veroes Farriar

The state capital is San Felipe de Yaracuy. Other important towns are Aroa, Chivacoa, Cocorote, Marín, Nirgua, Sabana de Parra, Yaritagua, and Urachiche.

Yaracuy State covers a total surface area of 7,100 km2 (2,700 sq mi). Population: 597,700 inhabitants (2007 est).


Race and ethnicityEdit

According to the 2011 Census, the racial composition of the population was:[2]

Racial composition Population %
Mestizo N/A 58.4
White 229,542 35.5
Black 31,683 4.9
Other race N/A 1.2


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Resultado Básico del XIV Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2011 (Mayo 2014)" (PDF). p. 29. Retrieved 8 September 2015.

See alsoEdit