Yamaha XS Eleven
The Yamaha XS Eleven motorcycle, also called XS11 and XS1100, is a Japanese standard produced from 1978 to 1981, powered by an air-cooled 1,101 cc (67.2 cu in) 4-stroke, DOHC inline four-cylinder engine mounted transversely in a duplex cradle frame with swingarm rear suspension, shaft drive, and telescopic forks.
|Also called||XS1100, XS11|
|Engine||Air cooled,1,101 cc (67.2 cu in) inline four, DOHC, carb. (4) Mikuni BS34II constant velocity air|
|Top speed||129.4 mph (208 km/h)|
|Power||95 hp (71 kW) @8000rpm (claimed)|
|Torque||66.5 lb⋅ft (90.2 N⋅m) @6500rpm (claimed)|
|Ignition type||Transistorized, vacuum advance|
|Transmission||5 speeds, shaft and bevel gear|
|Brakes||Front 2x298 mm (11.7 in) single piston caliper |
Rear 1x298 mm (11.7 in) single piston caliper
|Tires||Front 3.5H19 Bridgestone |
Rear 4.5H17 Bridgestone
|Rake, trail||20.5°, 130 mm (5.1 in)|
|Wheelbase||1,530 mm (60.1 in)|
|Dimensions||W: 812 mm (32.0 in)|
|Seat height||820 mm (32.3 in)|
|Weight||603 lb (274 kg) (wet)|
|Fuel capacity||20 l (5.3 US gal)|
|Oil capacity||3.97 l (1.0 US gal)|
|Fuel consumption||37.9 mpg‑US (16.1 km/l)|
North American ModelsEdit
The XS Eleven made its debut in 1978 as the largest capacity then in production. It featured dual front disc brakes, a rear disc brake, shaft drive and cast wheels.
In 1979, Yamaha followed the growing trend of offering a "factory custom" version of the bike, called a "Special" by Yamaha. Pullback handlebars, a stepped seat, a smaller, fatter rear wheel, a smaller capacity tear-drop gas tank, fully adjustable suspension, and altered frame created a factory custom, forerunner of the modern cruiser. The XS Eleven Special sold well despite complaints about the poor ergonomics. "What that translates to is a bike with an awkward riding position but generally excellent road manners. In fact, most of the things that irritated this staff in the way the bike rode and handled could be traced to the handlebar, which, although certainly as trendy as disco dancing, was not what the ergonomics doctor ordered for precise, comfortable control."
For the 1981 model year, a even more touring oriented version of the XS Eleven was produced. This model, dubbed the Venturer was equipped with a fairing made by Pacifico for Yamaha. Venturers included matching trunk and hard bags. Additionally, the Venturer included a 6.3 gallon tank for increased range while touring.
XS Eleven models were superseded by the 1982 XJ1100 Maxim which used an engine based very closely on the XS1100 unit. The XJ1100 Maxim was only built for one year, before being phased out.
In Europe, the XS Eleven differed from the North American model by having a larger petrol tank (6.3 US gallons vs. 5.3 US gallons), a lower handlebar and longer exhaust pipes. The European market also featured the 1.1 Sport with small cockpit fairing, and Martini 1.1 complete with the two piece Mockett fairing (designed by John Mockett), with colour scheme similar to the bike that Mike Hailwood used as his personal transport at the 1978 Isle of Man TT.
The XS Eleven was the first four-cylinder four-stroke motorcycle from Yamaha. It exploited well-proven technology, first used by Yamaha in their previously released XS 750 four-stroke triple. When the XS Eleven was introduced, it earned a reputation as a heavy, powerful bike. In 1978 and 1979 it won Cycle Worlds Ten Best Bikes as the best Touring bike.
"Nobody gets far riding the XS Eleven before they become acquainted with the fact that it's strong; we had ridden ours over hundreds of open-road miles before going to the drag strip and knew it was a bullet." Cycle Magazine had this to say of the Eleven: "...the XS is a Rolls Royce with a blown Chrysler Hemi motor..."
The handling of the XS Eleven was not as well received. "When this behemoth of a motorcycle actually hits a corner at anything approaching interesting speeds then it takes a good deal of muscle to lay it down. While the Yamaha doesn't disgrace itself in corners (not as much as some Z1000s I have known, for example) it doesn't commend itself either." Testers of the day all echoed the same story: "The XS1100 was a solid bullet in a straight line, but cornering at high speeds was done at your own risk." "Cycle warned its readers that the bike could easily go, stop and steer — just never two at the same time." 'Which Bike' magazine simply described the XS1100 as having 'a bullet proof motor, and tea trolley handling'.[verification needed]
The XS Eleven went endurance racing in Australia for promotional reasons. The chassis was developed for months and as stated by Cycle World then "after which “parts-book engineering”... (that is, the parts book gave the modified parts official existence, but just try ordering them!)." The XS Eleven enjoyed a series of wins and high placed finishes in the Australian motorcycle endurance racing circuit between 1978 and 1981, its success helped by a larger fuel capacity than the competition. Darryl Flack of Motor Sport Retro wrote: "While the new CBX1000 and Suzuki were out and out sports bikes, the shaft-drive XS1100, affectionately called the “Xcessive’, was more of a muscle bike come tourer. Heavier than and not as fast as its rivals, the XS1100 did have one particular ability – winning races."
"In the lead up to the Six-Hour, the XS1100 had swept the Adelaide Three-Hour, the Perth Four-Hour and the Surfers Three-Hour. The unlikely XS1100 and Pitman Yamaha rider Greg Pretty had upstaged the biggest, baddest production bikes around, confounding everyone."
In the 1979 Castrol 6 hour, XS Elevens finished second (Greg Pretty, Jim Budd) third (Len Atlee, Gary Coleman) and fourth (Roger Heyes and D. Robbins)
The XS Eleven's successful racing career was a remarkable achievement considering its shaft drive and long distance touring capabilities.
British motorcycle journalist Roland Brown, says in his book Superbikes of the Seventies: "The Yamaha's lack of reputation gives it one advantage these days, though, in that a clean XS such as this one costs less than its more successful contemporary rivals – whose performance advantage, so crucial then, is far less important now. Two decades and more after its launch, maybe the XS1100's time has finally come."
In a 1978 test by Cycle World a stock XS1100 ran a quarter mile time of 11.78 s 1/4 mile @114.21 mph (183.8 km/h).
- YAMAHA XS1100. Motorcyclist. January 1978. p. 29.
- "Yamaha XS eleven test", Cycle, p. 40, March 1980, archived from the original on 22 March 2010
- Cameron, Kevin (November 4, 2016). "Yamaha XS1100 - CLASSICS REMEMBERED". Cycle World. Retrieved February 28, 2017.
- Doug Mitchel (January–February 2010). "Yamaha XS1100". Motorcycle Classics. Retrieved 2010-05-21.
- Cycle Guide, February 1979
- Cycle, January 1978
- SuperBike, April 1978
- Flack, Darryl (September 2, 2009). "The day the Yamaha XS1100 won the Castrol Six-Hour – Part 1". Motor Sport Retro.com. Retrieved February 28, 2017.