Yaita, Tochigi

Yaita (矢板市, Yaita-shi) is a city located in Tochigi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 July 2020, the city had an estimated population of 31,859 in 13,173 households,[1] and a population density of 67 persons per km². The total area of the town is 170.46 square kilometres (65.81 sq mi).

Yaita

矢板市
Yaita City Hall
Yaita City Hall
Flag of Yaita
Flag
Official seal of Yaita
Seal
Location of Yaita in Tochigi Prefecture
Location of Yaita in Tochigi Prefecture
Yaita is located in Japan
Yaita
Yaita
 
Coordinates: 36°48′24.2″N 139°55′26.8″E / 36.806722°N 139.924111°E / 36.806722; 139.924111Coordinates: 36°48′24.2″N 139°55′26.8″E / 36.806722°N 139.924111°E / 36.806722; 139.924111
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureTochigi Prefecture
Government
 • MayorJyunichiro Saito <齋藤淳一郎> (from April 2016)
Area
 • Total170.46 km2 (65.81 sq mi)
Population
 (July 1, 2020)
 • Total31,859
 • Density190/km2 (480/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeJapanese stuartia
- FlowerJapanese azalea
- BirdOriental turtle dove
Phone number0287-43-1111
Address5-4 Honcho, Yaita-shi, Tochigi-ken 329-2192
WebsiteOfficial website
Mount Takahara

GeographyEdit

Yaita is located in north-central Tochigi Prefecture in the foothills of the Nasu region. The area is well watered, with numerous springs and rivers. The city spreads to the southern foot of Mt. Takahara. The northern mountains and forest areas include the Tochigi Prefectural Forest, Happo Natural Recreation Forest, and are an important watershed and source of spring water. The southern part of the city is composed of a plain that is the northernmost extension of the Kanto plain. The urban center is about 130 kilometers north of the Tokyo metropolis and 30 kilometers north of the prefectural capital at Utsunomiya.

Surrounding municipalitiesEdit

Tochigi Prefecture

ClimateEdit

Yaita has a Humid continental climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Yaita is 12.2 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1482 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 24.6 °C, and lowest in January, at around 0.6 °C.[2]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Yaita has remained relatively steadily over the past 40 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1950 31,033—    
1960 29,085−6.3%
1970 30,063+3.4%
1980 32,747+8.9%
1990 35,603+8.7%
2000 36,466+2.4%
2010 35,358−3.0%

HistoryEdit

They area of Yaita has been settled since Japanese Paleolithic times, and the workings of an obsidian mine in the northern portion of the city has been dated to 19,000 years ago. During the Edo Period, most of the area was the direct tenryō holdings of the Tokugawa Shogunate. With the creation of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889, the villages of Yaita, Izumi and Kataoka villages were established within Shioya District, Tochigi Prefecture. Yaita was elevated to town status on June 25, 1895. Yaita annexed Izumi and Kataoka on January 1, 1955. It was elevated to city status on November 1, 1958.

GovernmentEdit

Yaita has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral town council of 16 members. Yaita contributes one member to the Tochigi Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Tochigi 2nd district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

Agriculture (primarily rice) and forestry are mainstays of the local economy. The consumer electronics company Sharp has a large factory in Yaita.

EducationEdit

Yaita has nine public primary schools, and three public middle schools operated by the city government, and three public high schools operated by the Tochigi Prefectural Board of Education. The International University of Health and Welfare College of Nursing is located in Yaita.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

  JR EastTōhoku Main Line (Utsunomiya Line)

HighwayEdit

Local attractionsEdit

 
Yamagata Aritomo memorial house

External linksEdit

  Media related to Yaita, Tochigi at Wikimedia Commons

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Yaita Town official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Yaita climate data
  3. ^ Yaita population statistics