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Yagur (Hebrew: יָגוּר) is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located on the northeastern slopes of Mount Carmel,[2] about 9 km southeast of Haifa, it falls under the jurisdiction of Zevulun Regional Council. In 2018 it had a population of 1,604,[1] making it one of the two largest kibbutzim in the country.

Yagur

יָגוּר
Jagur 081.jpg
Yagur is located in Haifa region of Israel
Yagur
Yagur
Coordinates: 32°44′29.40″N 35°4′37.91″E / 32.7415000°N 35.0771972°E / 32.7415000; 35.0771972Coordinates: 32°44′29.40″N 35°4′37.91″E / 32.7415000°N 35.0771972°E / 32.7415000; 35.0771972
DistrictHaifa
CouncilZevulun Regional Council
AffiliationKibbutz Movement
Founded1922
Founded byAhva members
Population
 (2018)[1]
1,604
Websitewww.yagur.com

HistoryEdit

 
Communal dining hall, Kibbutz Yagur

Yagur was founded in 1922 by a settlement group called Ahva. Its name was taken from an Arab village called "Yajur" nearby. There is a site with a similar name (Jagur) mentioned in the Book of Joshua 15:21, though it was located in territory belonging to the Tribe of Judah, far to the south. At first, the members worked drying up the swamps surrounding the Kishon River and preparing the land for permanent settlement. They established various agricultural divisions and the kibbutz began to grow.

On 11 April 1931 three members of kibbutz were killed by members of a cell of the Black Hand.[3]

During the Mandate era, Yagur was an important center for the Haganah. During Operation Agatha on 29 June 1946, the British army conducted a major raid on the kibbutz and located a major arms depot hidden there after receiving a tip from informants. The weapons were confiscated, and many members of the kibbutz were arrested.[4]

EconomyEdit

The economy is now based on diversified agriculture and industry. The kibbutz operates a 5-month work-study program for young adults (18-28) in which participants learn conversational Hebrew and work in the kibbutz.[5]

Notable residentsEdit

LiteratureEdit

  • Sefer Yagur, circa 1961-1962, published by the kibbutz to commemorate the 40th anniversary
  • Yagur as it is, undated, circa 1971-1972, published by the kibbutz to commemorate the 50th anniversary

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2018" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 25 August 2019. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  2. ^ The Yagur Stream
  3. ^ Kayyali, Abdul-Wahhab Said (no date) Palestine. A Modern History Croom Helm. ISBN 086199-007-2. p.164
  4. ^ Report on arms caches found at Mesheq Yagur colony including diagrams, ParaData website, Airborne Forces Museum, Duxford.
  5. ^ Kibbutz Yagur Ulpan

External linksEdit