- For other uses, including specific buildings and chapters, see Young Women's Christian Association (disambiguation).
YWCA USA is a nonprofit organization dedicated to eliminating racism, empowering women, and promoting peace, justice, freedom, and dignity for all. It is one of the "oldest and largest multicultural organizations promoting solutions to enhance the lives of women, girls and families."
|Founded||February 10th 1858|
|Founded at||New York City|
|Purpose||Advocacy for young women’s leadership, peace, justice, human rights and sustainable development|
|Alejandra Y. Castillo, Esq.|
YWCA USA was founded as the Ladies Christian Association in New York City in 1858.
In 1905, the Harlem YWCA hired the first black woman general secretary of a local YWCA branch, Eva del Vakia Bowles. Bowles joined the national association as the head of "colored programs" in 1913 and remained in that capacity until 1932. Prior to the Civil Rights Movement, some YWCA facilities were segregated or operated as separate organizations. Advocates like Helen L. Seaborg in Washington, D.C., worked successfully to mediate mergers between the segregated groups. Mary Ingraham was president of the National Board of the YWCA from 1940 to 1946 and involved with the YWCA's war work and interracial efforts.
YWCA USA changed its corporate name from “Young Women’s Christian Association of the United States of America, Inc.” to “YWCA USA, Inc.” in December 2015.
YWCA is a national organization with 215 local associations across the United States. At YWCA’s annual meeting in May 2012, a transition from the prior regional structure to a national federated structure was approved, followed by the adoption of new bylaws in November 2012.
YWCA serves more than 2 million women, girls, and their families in the United States. It is also part of an international movement serving 25 million worldwide in 120 countries.
Each year, YWCAs help more than 535,000 women with safety services, which include sexual assault programs, domestic violence services such as emergency shelter, crisis hotlines, counseling and court assistance, and other community safety programs. We also help more than 122,000 women with economic empowerment programs, and more than 160,000 individuals participate each year in racial justice education and training programs.
YWCA of The City of New YorkEdit
The YWCA of The City of New York, the oldest of all of the YWCAs in the United States, was founded in 1858. It is unique in that the organization is guided purely by human service-oriented programs rather than physical services. Such programs include their Early Learning Centers, Family Resource Center, Out-of-School Programs, Professional Development Programming, and Women's Employment Programming to name a few, and are still guided by the YW mission of eliminating racism and empowering women. YWCA of The City of New York services are a major component of the non-profit community in New York City.
The YWCA of The City of New York produces several fundraising events annually including the Salute to Women Leaders Luncheon, the YWCA-NYC Theatre Benefit (featuring the Broadway hit The Color Purple in 2005 and the revival of Michael Bennett's A Chorus Line in 2006).
During their annual Summer Soirée (held at the W Hotel in 2005 and Cipriani 23rd Street in 2006) they present their "W" award. This award is presented to a woman who is a visionary, an innovator, trend-setter, a woman who gives back to her community and helps those the YW serves daily: the women, girls and families of New York City. In 2005, this award was given to Marian McEvoy, and in 2006 to Star Jones-Reynolds.
- "Eva Del Vakia Bowles". Humanities & Social Sciences Online. East Lansing, Michigan: Michigan State University. 28 Feb 2002. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 2 February 2017. republished from Jones, Adrienne Lash. (February 2000) "Bowles, Eva Del Vakia" American National Biography Online Oxford, England: for the American Council of Learned Societies by Oxford University Press .
- Robertson 2007, p. 236.
- Robertson, Nancy Marie (2007). Christian Sisterhood, Race Relations, and the YWCA, 1906-46. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 978-0-252-03193-9.
She helped to found the USO. In 1946, Harry Truman awarded her the presidential Medal of Merit for that work, with the citation that she had led in efforts to address interracial problems; Ingraham was the first woman to receive the award.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to YWCAs in the United States.|
- Official website
- World Young Women's Christian Association
- YWCA Canada
- YWCA of the U.S.A. Records, 1860-2002 (Bulk: 1906-2000) — Sophia Smith Collection − Smith College
- Young Women's Christian Association of Cambridge (Mass.) Records, 1881-1981 — Schlesinger Library − Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University