The Yūgumo-class destroyers (夕雲型駆逐艦 Yūgumo-gata kuchikukan) were a group of 19 destroyers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. The IJN called them Destroyer Type-A (甲型駆逐艦, Kō-gata Kuchikukan) from their plan name. No ships of the class survived the war.
Naganami in June 1942.
|Operators:||Imperial Japanese Navy|
|Preceded by:||Kagerō class|
|Succeeded by:||Matsu class|
|Planned:||14 (1939) + 16 (1941) + 8 (1942)|
|Beam:||10.80 m (35 ft 5 in)|
|Draft:||3.76 m (12 ft 4 in)|
|Speed:||35.5 knots (40.9 mph; 65.7 km/h)|
|Range:||5,000 nmi (9,300 km) at 18 kn (21 mph; 33 km/h)|
|Complement:||225 (Yūgumo, 1941)|
Design and descriptionEdit
The Yūgumo class was a repeat of the preceding Kagerō class with minor improvements that increased their anti-aircraft capabilities. Their crew numbered 228 officers and enlisted men. The ships measured 119.17 meters (391 ft 0 in) overall, with a beam of 10.8 meters (35 ft 5 in) and a draft of 3.76 meters (12 ft 4 in). They displaced 2,110 metric tons (2,080 long tons) at standard load and 2,560 metric tons (2,520 long tons) at deep load. The ships had two Kampon geared steam turbines, each driving one propeller shaft, using steam provided by three Kampon water-tube boilers. The turbines were rated at a total of 52,000 shaft horsepower (39,000 kW) for a designed speed of 35 knots (65 km/h; 40 mph).
The main armament of the Yūgumo class consisted of six Type 3 127-millimeter (5.0 in) guns in three twin-gun turrets, one superfiring pair aft and one turret forward of the superstructure. The guns were able to elevate up to 75° to increase their ability against aircraft, but their slow rate of fire, slow traversing speed, and the lack of any sort of high-angle fire-control system meant that they were virtually useless as anti-aircraft guns. They were built with four Type 96 25-millimeter (1.0 in) anti-aircraft guns in two twin-gun mounts, but more of these guns were added over the course of the war. The ships were also armed with eight 610-millimeter (24.0 in) torpedo tubes in a two quadruple traversing mounts; one reload was carried for each tube. Their anti-submarine weapons comprised two depth charge throwers for which 36 depth charges were carried.
Ships in classEdit
|Ship #||Ship||Builder||Laid down||Launched||Completed||Fate|
|115||Akigumo (秋雲)||Built as part of the Kagerō class|
|116||Yūgumo (夕雲)||Maizuru Naval Arsenal||12-06-1940||16-03-1941||05-12-1941||Sunk, Battle of Vella Lavella, 06-10-1943|
|117||Makigumo (巻雲)||Fujinagata Shipbuilding Yard||13-12-1940||05-11-1941||14-03-1942||Sunk after surface action, 01-02-1943|
|118||Kazagumo (風雲)||Uraga Dock Company||23-12-1940||26-09-1941||28-03-1942||Torpedoed at Davao Gulf, 08-06-1944|
|119||Naganami (長波)||Fujinagata Shipbuilding Yard||05-04-1941||05-03-1941||30-06-1942||Air attack, Ormoc Bay, 11-11-1944|
|120||Makinami (巻波)||Maizuru Naval Arsenal||11-04-1941||27-12-1941||08-08-1942||Sunk, Battle of Cape St. George, 25-11-1943|
|121||Takanami (高波)||Uraga Dock Company||29-05-1941||16-03-1942||31-08-1942||Sunk, Battle of Tassafaronga, 30-11-1942|
|122||Ōnami (大波)||Fujinagata Shipbuilding Yard||15-11-1941||13-08-1942||29-12-1942||Sunk, Battle of Cape St. George, 25-11-1943|
|123||Kiyonami (清波)||Uraga Dock Company||15-10-1941||17-08-1942||25-01-1943||Air attack, NNW of Kolombangara 20-07-1943|
|124||Tamanami (玉波)||Fujinagata Shipbuilding Yard||16-03-1942||26-12-1942||30-04-1943||Torpedoed, WSW of Manila, 07-07-1944|
|126||Suzunami (涼波)||Uraga Dock Company||27-03-1942||26-12-1942||27-07-1943||Air attack, Rabaul Harbor, 11-11-1943|
|127||Fujinami (藤波)||Fujinagata Shipbuilding Yard||25-08-1942||20-04-1943||31-07-1943||Air attack N of Iloilo, 27-10-1944|
|The dummy for the naval budget of the Yamato-class battleships|
|340||Hayanami (早波)||Maizuru Naval Arsenal||15-01-1942||19-12-1942||31-07-1943||Torpedoed near Tawitawi, Philippines, 7-06-1944|
|341||Hamanami (濱波)||Maizuru Naval Arsenal||28-04-1942||18-04-1943||15-10-1943||Air attack, Ormoc Bay, 11-11-1944|
|342||Okinami (沖波)||Maizuru Naval Arsenal||05-08-1942||18-07-1943||10-12-1943||Air attack W of Manila, 13 November 1944|
|343||Kishinami (岸波)||Uraga Dock Company||29-08-1942||19-08-1943||03-12-1943||Torpedoed W of Palawan Island, 04-12-1944|
|344||Asashimo (朝霜)||Fujinagata Shipbuilding Yard||21-01-1943||18-07-1943||27-11-1943||Air attack SW of Nagasaki, 07-04-1945|
|345||Hayashimo (早霜)||Maizuru Naval Arsenal||20-01-1943||20-10-1943||20-02-1944||Air attack off Semirara Island, 26-10-1944|
|346||Akishimo (秋霜)||Fujinagata Shipbuilding Yard||03-05-1943||05-12-1943||11-03-1944||Air attack, Manila, 13-11-1944|
|347||Kiyoshimo (清霜)||Uraga Dock Company||16-03-1943||29-02-1944||15-05-1944||Torpedoed after air attack, 26-12-1944|
|Cancelled on 11-08-1943|
Cancelled on 11-08-1943
- Chesneau, p. 195
- Whitley, p. 203
- Jentschura, Jung & Mickel, p. 150
- Campbell, p. 192
- Campbell, John (1985). Naval Weapons of World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-459-4.Campbell, John (1985). Naval Weapons of World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-459-4.
- Chesneau, Roger, ed. (1980). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922–1946. Greenwich, UK: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-146-7.
- Jentschura, Hansgeorg; Jung, Dieter & Mickel, Peter (1977). Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869–1945. Annapolis, Maryland: United States Naval Institute. ISBN 0-87021-893-X.
- Whitley, M. J. (1988). Destroyers of World War 2. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-326-1.
- "Rekishi Gunzō"., History of Pacific War Vol.51 The truth of Imperial Japanese Vessels Histories 2, Gakken (Japan), August 2005, ISBN 4-05-604083-4
- Collection of writings by Sizuo Fukui Vol.5, Stories of Japanese Destroyers, Kōjinsha (Japan) 1993, ISBN 4-7698-0611-6
- Model Art Extra No.340, Drawings of Imperial Japanese Naval Vessels Part-1, Model Art Co. Ltd. (Japan), October 1989, Book code 08734-10
- The Maru Special, Japanese Naval Vessels No.41 Japanese Destroyers I, Ushio Shobō (Japan), July 1980, Book code 68343-42