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Ying (Chinese: ) is a Chinese surname. It is the royal house name of the early Qin, and Qin Dynasty. Ying Zheng is the first emperor of the unified Chinese empire.

Language(s)Old Chinese
DerivationShaohao (少昊)
Gaoyao (皋陶)
Boyi (伯益)
Gaoyang (高揚)
Feizi (非子)
Ying Zheng (嬴政)
MeaningBe Full (嬴)
Other names
Variant form(s)Young/Yong/Yang/Wang
Cognate(s)Jin (Chinese surname)
Jin (Korean surname)
Li (surname)
Xu (surname)
Zhao (surname)
See alsoQin (state)
Southern Qi
Northern Qi
Former Qin

The Zhao family is one such kind of clan belonging to the Ying tribe. There are 14 clan names in China derived from the same ancestral name Ying, they are the famous members of the Ying group which are from the Zhao family.


The origin of Ying familyEdit

Shaohao had a Child the Gaoyao, or Gaoyao (皋陶). Gaoyao had a child, Boyi (伯益). Boyi (伯益) was in charge of flood control and got the surname Ying (嬴), in an early Xia Dynasty time. Yu the Great gave a state of Dengfeng to the son of Boyi (伯益). This became the State of Ying (英). Other children of Boyi (伯益) became the feudal lord of Liu (state) (六), and Xu (Chinese state) (許), by order of Yu the Great. Later, the Ying (赢) tribe was founded in the state of Ying (英), and the Liu (六) in, Xu (許) in Henan. [1]> [2]

The Ying tribe were powerful feudal lords at the end of the Shang Dynasty period. Feilian (蜚廉) of the Ying (皋) family was the General and feudal lord under King Zhou of Shang. After the fall of the Shang Dynasty, the Ying tribe moved to Shanxi and Gansu. [3]

The Ying (皋) family's, Feizi (非子, Biza) received the Qin County (秦邑) in Shanxi, from the Government of King Xiao of Zhou, thereby beginning the Qin Dynasty lineage.

The Bai people, of the old Chinese Ying, the Xu people, the Qiang people, and some Nomad Chinese are found in the area of the Qin (state). Also, in the Qin (state), at the time of Duke Mu of Qin, the Xirong people joined the Qin (state), by way of service in/with the army of Qin (state). The Ying royal family of Qin (state) got various surnames from many surname of their Citizens.

From the time of Duke Zhuang of Qin, Longxi County in Gansu and the surrounding territory was part of the Qin (state). It merged into the territory of the Xiongnu, after the fall of the Qin Dynasty; although citizens of the Ying family remained in Longxi of Gansu.

Evolution of the Ying clanEdit

Zhao Clan (趙氏) – China, Royal house of Song Dynasty
Zhao clan (趙氏) – Royal house of Qin Dynasty
太秦公, 秦長連, 秦野, 秦人, 秦川, 秦上, 秦下, 秦內, 秦井, 秦多, 秦當, 秦佐,秦冠, 秦前, 秦黨, 秦原, 秦部, 秦許, 秦常, 秦勝, 秦人部, 秦川邊, 秦大藏, 秦小宅, 秦井手, 秦中家, 秦田村, 秦長田, 秦物集, 秦泉寺, 秦高橋, 秦達布, 秦佐此佐...
Hata clan (秦氏) – Japan
Ying (Ancestral name) (赢姓) – Royal house of Qin (state)
The clans of Lian (廉), Xu (徐), Jiang (江), Qin (秦), Zhao (趙), Huang (黄), Liang (梁), Ma (馬), Ge (葛), Gu (谷), Mou (繆), Zhong (鍾), Fei (費), and Qu (瞿)

'Ying' Pronunciation in MandarinEdit

Surname, YingEdit

See alsoEdit