The Xumi Fushou Temple (Chinese: 须弥福寿之庙) is one of the Eight Outer Temples in Chengde, Hebei, China.[1] This Buddhist temple is in the north of the park complex of the Chengde Mountain Resort, to the east of Putuo Zongcheng Temple on the north side of a slightly upward slope hill. The temple covers an area of 37,900 m2 (408,000 sq ft).

Xumi Fushou Temple
Xumi Fushou Temple
LeadershipLobsang Palden Yeshe, 6th Panchen Lama
Qianlong Emperor
StyleTibetan and Chinese
Xumi Fushou Temple
Simplified Chinese须弥福寿之庙
Traditional Chinese須彌福壽之廟
Literal meaningTemple of Happiness and Longevity of the Sumeru Mountain



The temple was first designed in 1780 to celebrate the 70th birthday of the Qianlong Emperor.[2] It was built for Penchen Lama the VI who came to Chengde from Tibet to convey his congratulations and is a fusion of Chinese and Tibetan architectural style.



Its main building, the Great Red Terrace (Dahongtai, simplified Chinese: 大红台; traditional Chinese: 大紅臺), has three stories, and was furthermore built on a three-story foundation. The Miaogaozhuangyan Hall (妙高莊嚴殿) where the Panchen Lama preached is the center of the temple. The Jixiangfaxi Hall (吉样法喜殿) with a roof made of gold plated copper tiles was the home of Penchen Lama. Other buildings are the seven-story octagonal Liuli-Wanshou pagoda (琉璃万寿塔 "Glazed Tile Pagoda of Longevity") and a glazed tile paifang (琉璃牌坊). In the stele pavilion of the temple is a memorial plaque with stone engraving in Manchu, Chinese, Mongolian and Tibetan script, with an inscription in memory of events.



From 1979 and into the 1980s, the Eight Outer Temples and Chengde Mountain Resort were renovated using local stone slabs. Since 1992, fossilized dinosaur tracks in the rock slabs have been reported from Hebei and the surrounding area. Over 40 tracks were found at Xumi Fushou Temple, in front of the front door and behind the páilóu.[3]


  1. ^ "承德访古——须弥福寿之庙 – 中国民族宗教网". 4 March 2016. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2022.
  2. ^ Su, Te-cheng; Lai, Hui-min (2021). "Resplendent Innovations". In Siebert, Martina; Chen, Kai Jun; Ko, Dorothy (eds.). Resplendent Innovations: Fire Gilding Techniques at the Qing Court. Mobilizing People, Objects, and Nature in the Qing Empire. Amsterdam University Press. pp. 157–186. doi:10.2307/j.ctv1tfw0z6.16. JSTOR j.ctv1tfw0z6.16. S2CID 238622159. Retrieved 20 October 2022. {{cite book}}: |work= ignored (help)
  3. ^ Xing, Lida; Lockley, Martin G.; Du, Tianming; Zhang, Lijun; Klein, Hendrik; Romilio, Anthony; Persons, W. Scott; Wang, Kuan; Li, Zhenyu; Wan, Xiaoqiao (1 March 2020). "Dinosaur tracks from the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary Tuchengzi Formation (Hebei Province, China) used as building stones in the Chengde imperial summer resort: Age, ichnology, and history". Cretaceous Research. 107: 104310. doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2019.104310. ISSN 0195-6671. S2CID 210266977.

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