Xulhaz Mannan (Bengali: জুলহাজ মান্নান; 12 October 1976 – 25 April 2016) was an employee of the United States embassy in Dhaka and the founder of Bangladesh's first and only LGBT-themed magazine Roopbaan. He was killed in his apartment along with another LGBT activist Mahbub Rabbi Tonoy in a machete attack by Islamist extremists.
|Born||12 October 1976|
|Died||25 April 2016
Early life and educationEdit
Mannan was born on 12 October 1976. He completed his SSC and HSC (1993) at Dhaka Residential Model College. He was involved in cultural activities from junior school. He then completed his B.Com at City College, Dhaka. Later he studied at Dhaka University and finished with honors in International Relations. In 2003 he received a master's degree of Social Sciences in Peace and Conflict Studies.
He started his career in MGH group, and later joined the US embassy, Dhaka, as a protocol officer of the ambassador till 2015 and then switched to US Aid in September 2015. He was involved in many activities outside work. He was a script writer for a NTV production at the very beginning. Photography, travel, hiking, event organizing were some of his hobbies.
Mannan was founder and publisher of Roopbaan, the only magazine for the LGBT community in Bangladesh launched in 2014. He had worked in the human rights sector especially for the LGBT community in Bangladesh. He successfully arranged a "rainbow rally" in Dhaka on 14 April 2015, however the rally was canceled in 2016 on police instruction as Islamic groups threatened to kill anyone taking part.
He had received death threats after trying to organise a youth LBGT "Rainbow Rally" in early April 2016. Mannan was killed in his apartment along with LGBT activist Mahbub Rabbi Tonoy in a stabbing attack shortly after he had posted pictures of himself on the Internet and openly declaring he was gay. It is believed it was the open declaration of his sexuality which gave the go ahead for the extremist group that killed him. A witness reported five men leaving the scene chanting "Allahu Akbar" ("Allah is Great"). Ansar-al-Islam, an Al-Qaida-linked group claimed responsibility for the murders stating as he had himself confirmed his sexuality he needed to be killed according to shariah law.
- USAID, following Mannan's death published a statement calling him "a dedicated and courageous advocate for human rights".
- The United States Department of State told to Reuters, "We are outraged by the barbaric attack on Mr Xulhaz Mannan, a beloved member of our embassy family and a courageous advocate for LGBTI rights, human rights, actually".
- US ambassador Marcia Bernicat condemned the killing by saying "We abhor this senseless act of violence".
- US Secretary of State John Kerry phoned prime minister Sheikh Hasina and urged the arrest of Mannan's killers.
- "Gay Activist Killed" (6 May 2016). The Week. 6 May 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
- Al-Mahmood, Syed Zain (26 April 2016). "Editor of Bangladesh Gay Magazine Hacked to Death in His Home". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2016-04-30.
- "Editor of Bangladesh's first gay rights magazine stabbed to death". Fox News. Associated Press. Retrieved 2016-04-25.
- "Bangladesch: LGBT-Aktivist brutal ermordet". Queeramnesty.ch (in German). Retrieved 2016-05-02.
- "Statement by USAID administrator Gayle Smith on the death of foreign service national Xulhaz Mannan". US Aid. Archived from the original on 27 April 2016. Retrieved 26 April 2016.
- Hadi Hussain. "Islamist Extremists Weren't the Only Killers Of My Friend Xulhaz Mannan". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2016-04-30.
- Gani, Saad Hammadi Aisha (25 April 2016). "Founder of Bangladesh's first and only LGBT magazine killed". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016-04-30.
- "Confronting the comfortable closet in Bangladesh, article by Xulhaz Mannan in Pink Pages, India's National LGBT Magazine". Pink Pages. Retrieved 2016-04-26.
- "Campaign of terror against Bangladesh's liberal voices". The Economist. 27 April 2016. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- "Bangladesh LGBT editor hacked to death". BBC News. 25 April 2016. Retrieved 2016-04-25.
- "Editor Of Bangladesh's Only LGBT Magazine Is Hacked To Death". NPR.org. Retrieved 2016-04-29.
- CNN, Eliott C. McLaughlin, Don Melvin, and Tiffany Ap. "Al Qaeda claims #Bangladesh LGBT murders". CNN. Retrieved 2016-04-29.
- "Arrest Xulhaz Mannan killers, US Ambassador Bernicat asks Bangladesh government". bdnews24.com. Retrieved 2016-04-29.
- "LGBT editor hacked to death in Bangladesh by Islamist militants". Independent.ie. Retrieved 2016-04-29.
- "Kerry calls Hasina, demands justice for slain gay-rights activist Xulhaz". bdnews24.com. Retrieved 2016-04-29.