Xuanwu District (Chinese: 玄武区; pinyin: Xuánwǔ Qū) is one of 11 districts of Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu province, China. Xuanwu District is an urban centre located in the north-eastern part of Nanjing. It is the seat of the Nanjing Municipal Government. Formerly known as No. 1 District in the Republican era, Xuanwu is known for the residence of Chiang Kai-shek from 1948 to 1949.

Xuanwu is located in Jiangsu
Location in Jiangsu
Coordinates: 32°03′36″N 118°50′54″E / 32.0601°N 118.8483°E / 32.0601; 118.8483
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Sub-provincial cityNanjing
 • Total81 km2 (31 sq mi)
 • Total602,000
 • Density7,400/km2 (19,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
210002 - 210018
Nanjing district map
Subdivisions of Nanjing, Jiangsu
City Proper
1 Xuanwu
2 Qinhuai
3 Jianye
4 Gulou
5 Yuhuatai
6 Qixia
7 Jiangning
8 Pukou
9 Luhe
10 Lishui
11 Gaochun

Administrative subdivisions


Xuanwu has administrative jurisdiction over the following 7 subdistricts:

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010)[1] Area (km2)
Meiyuanxincun Subdistrict 梅园新村街道 Méiyuán Xīncūn Jiēdào 107,395 6.35
Xinjiekou Subdistrict 新街口街道 Xīnjiēkǒu Jiēdào 93,906 2.6
Xuanwumen Subdistrict 玄武门街道 Xuánwǔmén Jiēdào 41,993 6
Suojincun Subdistrict 锁金村街道 Suǒjīncūn Jiēdào 76,063 6
Hongshan Subdistrict 红山街道 Hóngshān Jiēdào 88,217 6.9
Xiaolingwei Subdistrict 孝陵卫街道 Xiàolíngwèi Jiēdào 112,654 30
Xuanwuhu Subdistrict 玄武湖街道 Xuánwǔhú Jiēdào 69,739 11.6



The main industries in the district are: leisure and tourism, information technology, retail, and services. Its economy is primarily based upon the delivery of services. Industry zones include the Changjiang Road Cultural Area, Xinjiekou Central Economic Area, and Xuzhuang Software Industry Base. The district has attracted multi-national corporations, such as 3M, American Express, Siemens, Hyundai, Samsung, NYK Line, and Cathay Life Insurance.[2]



There are more than 40 colleges, universities, and research institutes in the district, including Southeast University, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing Forestry University, and Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences. There are about 35 academics from the Chinese Academy of Engineering and Chinese Academy of Sciences there, which represent about 50% of the academics from those academies in Jiangsu Province.[3]

Xuanwu is also home to the People's Liberation Army Navy of China Command College, which trains naval officers, and is located near the Nanjing Museum.[4]



Transportation within the district includes Line 1 and Line 2 of the Nanjing Metro, which has stations within the district. Other sources of transportation that are 20 or more minutes from the district are the Nanjing Railway Station, Shanghai-Nanjing Railway, and Nanjing Lukou Airport.[3]



The scenic Xuanwu District is also known for its tourists attractions like the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum, Xuanwu Lake, and the Hongwu Emperor's Mausoleum, which is listed as one of the Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties that are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The district has more than 58 percent green cover.[3] Xuanwu is also home of the presidential residence of Chiang Kai-shek.

Adjacent to Xuanwu Lake is the Nanjing International Exhibition Center.


  1. ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Nanjing Xuanwu District Investment Environment Study. KPMG. February 2009. p. 9, 11. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c Nanjing Xuanwu District Investment Environment Study. KPMG. February 2009. p. 10. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  4. ^ "Naval Command College". Retrieved 2023-09-06.