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Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture

Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture (Chinese: 湘西土家族苗族自治州; pinyin: Xiāngxī Tǔjiāzú Miáozú Zìzhìzhōu;Tujia:Xianxxix bifzivkar befkar zifzifzoux;Miao:Xangdxid tutjadcul maolcul zibzhibzhoud)is an autonomous prefecture of the People's Republic of China. It is located in western Hunan province.[a] It consists of 1 city, Jishou, and 7 counties: Baojing, Fenghuang, Guzhang, Huayuan, Longshan, Luxi, Yongshun.[b] The capital is Jishou. Twenty-five nationalities gather here, of the total 2,480,000 population, 66.6 per cent are ethnic minorities, including 860,000 Tujia and 790,000 Miao.[1]

Xiangxi Prefecture

湘西州
湘西土家族苗族自治州
Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture

Xianxxix bifzivkar befkar zifzifzoux(Tujia)

Xangdxid tutjadcul maolcul zibzhibzhoud(Miao)
Panorama of Furong, a Tujia ancient town in Yongshun County
Panorama of Furong, a Tujia ancient town in Yongshun County
Location in Hunan
Location in Hunan
Coordinates: 28°19′N 109°44′E / 28.317°N 109.733°E / 28.317; 109.733
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHunan
Area
 • Total15,486 km2 (5,979 sq mi)
Population
 (2004)
 • Total3,650,000
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 codeCN-HN-31

HistoryEdit

Xiangxi has a long history. The land was sparsely inhabited during the Shang Dynasty, through the Warring States period up to the era of the Sui dynasty and Tang Dynasty. It fell under the influence of the Chu state during the Warring States era. Later, it became part of the Western and Eastern Han dyansty. After the collapse of the Han dynasty, it came under the control of the Shu Dynasty during the Three Kingdoms Period of China. Then the area became a subject of the Jin Dynasty. When the Yuan Dynasty was established, the region became a part of the Hubei province. Soon later, Hubei and Hunan province became one single province called Huguang (湖广). The Ming dynasty reestablished the Xiangxi Autonomous Prefecture and attached it to Hunan province.

Upon the establishment of modern China, the national government gave the region autonomous status and county level status. This meant that the provincial government had less control over the region compared to other counties.

Modern reformsEdit

Ever since the reforms by Deng Xiaoping, the region has developed substantially. The introduction of a large number of advanced production equipment and various types of automated production factories accelerated the growth of industries. In 2008, the total production value totaled 22,666 billion yuan.

Crop ProductionEdit

Agricultural products such as rice, wheat, corn, soybeans, electricity, cement, wood, cigarettes, fertilizers, yarn and cloth became primary products.

AdministrationEdit

Map
English Chinese Pinyin Miao Language transliteration Tujia Language transliteration [2]
Area
Subdivisions[3]
Subdistricts Towns Townships Districts Villages
Xiangxi Tujia Miao Autonomous Zone 湘西土家族
苗族自治州
Xiāngxī Tǔjiāzú
Miáozú Zìzhìzhōu
Xangdxid tutjadcul maolcul zibzhibzhoud Xianxxix bifzivkar befkar zifzifzoux 15462.30 7 69 89 183 1967
Jishou City 吉首市 Jíshǒu Shì Jib Soud Jixshou Shiv 1062.46 4 5 7 38 138
Luxi County 泸溪县 Lúxī Xiàn Lioux Kid Lirxoux Xianv 1568.65 8 7 16 134
Fenghuang County 凤凰县 Fènghuáng Xiàn Jib Zhes Fengvhuangr Xianv 1751.10 9 15 15 344
Huayuan County 花垣县 Huāyuán Xiàn Jib Yox Huanyuanx Xianv 1111.12 8 10 19 288
Baojing County 保靖县 Bǎojìng Xiàn Jib Yal Baovjingf Xianv 1745.88 10 6 16 198
Guzhang County 古丈县 Gǔzhàng Xiàn Bloud Nhol Guovzhangr Xianv 1286.23 6 6 18 140
Yongshun County 永顺县 Yǒngshùn Xiàn Mongl Dongs Yaongxshunv Xianv 3809.69 12 18 33 291
Longshan County 龙山县 Lóngshān Xiàn Gheul Rongx Longfshanf Xianv 3127.16 3 11 20 28 434

GovernmentEdit

The current CPC Party Secretary of Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture is Ye Hongzhuan and the current Mayor is Long Xiaohua.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Xiangxi literally means "Hunan west", Xiāng () being an abbreviation for Hunan and (西) meaning "west".
  2. ^ Until 1988, part of the area that is now the prefecture-level city of Zhangjiajie, specifically Dayong (now, Zhangjiajie) city and Sangzhi County, was part of the autonomous prefecture.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Xiangxi city and Xiangxi River - Xiangxi Tujia-Miao Autonomous Prefecture Is Located in Northwestern Hunan Province.
  2. ^ 湘西土家族苗族自治州国土资源局. 《湘西土家族苗族自治州土地利用总体规划(2006-2020年)》.
  3. ^ Ministry of Civil Affairs (1 August 2014). 《中国民政统计年鉴2014》 (in Chinese). China Statistics Press. ISBN 978-7-5037-7130-9.

External linksEdit