Xeromphalina campanella

Xeromphalina campanella is a species of mushroom. The common names of the species include the golden trumpet and the bell Omphalina. The genus name Xeromphalina means "little dry navel" and campanella means "bell-shaped", respectively describing the mature and young shapes of the pileus, or cap.[2] The mushroom is also called fuzzy-foot.[3]

Xeromphalina campanella
Glöckchen Nabeling Xeromphalina campanella.jpg
Scientific classification
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X. campanella
Binomial name
Xeromphalina campanella

DescriptionEdit

The fruit body of X. campanella has a small umbrella-shaped cap and a thin brown stalk with yellow hairs at the base.[4] The gills are pale yellow to pale orange. The stalk is thick, dry, yellow at the apex, is dark reddish brown below, and the base has long orangeish hairs. The spore print is pale buff.[5] Xeromphalina kauffmanii resembles the species, but it grows on decaying wood of broad-leaved trees.[2] Xeromphalina brunneola also resembles the species, except for the odor, taste, color of the cap, and by the smaller, narrowly elliptical spores.[6] When the species is young, their caps are bell-shaped. As they mature, the outer part of the cap expands and rises which leaves the center depressed, resembling a navel.[7]

EdibilityEdit

Although the species is not poisonous,[2] the mushrooms are small and bitter tasting with no value as edibles.[7][8] David Arora suggests that the mushroom is a small morsel that is hardly worth eating.[9] Despite many authors calling the mushroom inedible, author Bill Russell knows people that eat the mushroom frequently.[10]

HabitatEdit

The fruiting occurs in clumps or very dense clusters on decaying logs, stumps, and woody debris of coniferous trees. The species is commonly found in North America.[4] At times, the species almost entirely covers old tree stumps.[2] The species can be found in any wet season of the year.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Xeromphalina campanella". Mycobank. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d C. Roody, William (2003). Mushrooms of West Virginia and the Central Appalachians. University Press of Kentucky. p. 124. ISBN 978-0-8131-9039-6.
  3. ^ G. Cassidy, Frediric (1991). Dictionary of American Regional English: D - H, Volume 2. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-20511-6.
  4. ^ a b Authors, Multiple (1998). A Field Guide to Mushrooms: North America. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 196. ISBN 978-0-395-91090-0.
  5. ^ Authors, Multiple (1997). Mushrooms of northeastern North America. Syracuse University Press. p. 270. ISBN 978-0-8156-0388-7.
  6. ^ Bessette, Alan (1995). Mushrooms of North America in color. Syracuse University Press. p. 93. ISBN 978-0-8156-0323-8.
  7. ^ a b c Metzler, Susan and Van (1992). Texas mushrooms: a field guide. University of Texas Press. p. 150. ISBN 978-0-292-75125-5.
  8. ^ K. Miller, Orson; Miller, Hope (2006). North American mushrooms: a field guide to edible and inedible fungi. Globe Pequot. p. 192. ISBN 978-0-7627-3109-1.
  9. ^ Arora, David (1986). Mushrooms demystified: a comprehensive guide to the fleshy fungi. Ten Speed Press. pp. 634. ISBN 978-0-89815-169-5. Clavariadelphus truncatus.
  10. ^ Russel, Bill (2006). Field guide to wild mushrooms of Pennsylvania and the Mid-Atlantic. Penn State Press. p. 203. ISBN 978-0-271-02891-0.