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Born in Italy at Velletri, 30 km south-east of Rome, Leroux was the son of a French military bandleader. He studied at the Conservatoire de Paris under Jules Massenet and Théodore Dubois, and won the Prix de Rome in 1885 with the cantata Endymion. From 1896 he taught harmony there. Notable students include Eugène Bigot, Georges Dandelot, Marc Delmas, Roger Désormière, Louis Fourestier, Henri Mulet, Paul Paray, Louis Vuillemin, and Albert Wolff.
Leroux composed several orchestral and choral works, songs, and piano pieces, but he was primarily known for his operas.
- Evangéline (Louis de Gramont) (1895)
- Astarté (Louis de Gramont) (1901)
- La reine Fiammette (1903)
- Vénus et Adonis (Louis de Gramont) (1905)
- William Ratcliff (Louis de Gramont after Heinrich Heine) (1906)
- Le Chemineau (1907)
- Théodora (1907)
- Le Carillonneur (1913)
- La Fille de Figaro (1914)
- Les cadeaux de Noël (1915)
- 1814 (1918)
- Nausithoé (1920)
- La Plus forte (1924)
- L'Ingénu (1931)
- Hymne (1914)
- Don Randel: The Harvard Biographical Dictionary of Music (Cambridge, MA, 1996), p. 499.
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