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XIV Corps was a British infantry corps during the First World War. During the Second World War the identity was recreated for deceptive purposes.

XIV Corps
XIV Corps WW1.svg
XIV Corps formation badge.
Active1916–18
Country United Kingdom
BranchFlag of the British Army.svg British Army
TypeField corps
Part ofFourth Army
EngagementsFirst World War[1]

Contents

First World WarEdit

XIV Corps was formed in France on 3 January 1916 under Lieutenant-General the Earl of Cavan.[1] It took part in the Battle of the Somme in 1916; a year later it fought through the Battle of Passchendaele before being redeployed to Italy in November 1917.[1]

General Officers CommandingEdit

Commanders included:

Second World WarEdit

In the Second World War, the XIV corps was notionally reformed in North Africa in late 1943 as part the cover plan for the Anzio landings. Initially assigned to the British Twelfth Army, the corps was later depicted as being under the command of the United States Seventh Army and finally under the 15th Army Group as the theater reserve for the Italian campaign[4]

InsigniaEdit

The corps insignia in World War II was that of a black wolf's head, with a lolling red tongue superimposed on a white square.

Subordinate unitsEdit

As with its original parent formation the "Twelfth Army", the units notionally under command of the "XIV Corps" varied depending on the nature of the threat being depicted.

1943 (Operation Oakfield)Edit

1944 (Operation Zeppelin)Edit

  • Corps headquarters & supporting troops.[4]
  • British 5th Airborne Division (fictional)
  • British 40th Infantry Division (fictional)
  • British 42nd Division (fictional)
  • British 57th Infantry Division (fictional)

1945 (15th Army Group reserve)Edit

  • Corps headquarters & supporting troops.[4]
  • British 42nd Division (fictional)
  • British 57th Infantry Division (fictional)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "The British Corps of 1914–1918". The Long, Long Trail: The British Army of 1914–1918. Retrieved 30 December 2008.
  2. ^ Heathcote, Anthony pg 198
  3. ^ Simkins, Peter. "From Somme to Victory". The Long, Long Trail: The British Army of 1914–1918. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d Holt, Thaddeus. pg 914 & 915

BibliographyEdit

  • Heathcote, T.A. (1999). The British Field Marshals 1736–1997. Pen & Sword Books Ltd. ISBN 0-85052-696-5
  • Holt, T (2005). The Deceivers: Allied Military Deception in the Second World War. Phoenix. ISBN 0-7538-1917-1