Wuhan railway station

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Wuhan railway station (Chinese: 武汉站) is one of the three main passenger railway stations of Wuhan, the capital of China's Hubei Province. It is located northeast of Wuhan's East Lake, near a small lake called Yangchunhu, and is adjacent to the 3rd Ring Road. Administratively, the site is within the Wuhan's Hongshan District.

Wuhan

武汉

Wuhan Metro
Wuhan Station 20150828.JPG
Wuhan Railway Station
LocationHuanghe Lu, Hongshan District, Wuhan, Hubei
China
Coordinates30°36′36.69″N 114°25′7.19″E / 30.6101917°N 114.4186639°E / 30.6101917; 114.4186639Coordinates: 30°36′36.69″N 114°25′7.19″E / 30.6101917°N 114.4186639°E / 30.6101917; 114.4186639
Operated by
Line(s)
Platforms20 (9 island platforms, 2 side platforms)
Connections
  • Bus terminal
Other information
Station codeTMIS code: 65800
Telegraph code: WHN
Pinyin code: WHA
ClassificationTop Class station
History
Opened
  • December 2009 (2009-12) (railway station)
  • 28 December 2013 (2013-12-28) (Wuhan Metro Line 4)
  • 28 March 2020 (resume to operation, arrival only for railway station; metro)
  • 5 April 2020 (resume to operation)
Services
Preceding station   Wuhan Metro   Following station
toward Bailin
Line 4Terminus

Despite it sharing the name with the sub-provincial city, this station is a fairly recent construction; there was no Wuhan station before the construction of the Beijing-Guangzhou High Speed railway, and Wuhan's main passenger railway stations are Hankou and Wuchang, representing old city names before the merger, which often confused outsiders. Completed in December 2009, the station has 11 platforms and 20 tracks. It serves the Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong high-speed railway, the Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu high-speed railway, and Zhengzhou/Jiujiang-bound passenger trains.

During the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic Wuhan suspended all public transportation from 10am local time on 23 January 2020 onwards, including all bus, metro, ferry lines, all outbound trains and flights.[1] The Wuhan Railway station was then closed until 28 March.[2]

DesignEdit

The station was designed by Amenagement, Recherche, Pole d'Echanges (AREP), the Fourth Survey and Design Institute of China, MaP3, and SNCF-IGOA, after winning a two-phase competition in 2005. The design was inspired by the yellow crane, the symbol of Wuhan City. The distinctive roof is intended to resemble the crane's wings, and is based on a sine curve. The building consists of nine separated parts, symbolizing China's nine provinces, plus a central thoroughfare.

ConstructionEdit

Construction of the station began in September 2006, and was completed in December 2009. It was built by China State Construction Engineering Corporation, which also built the Wuhan Airport and the Beijing CCTV building. Construction cost exceeded 14 billion Yuan (US$2 billion), including upgrades to surrounding infrastructure.[3]

The total construction area of the station is 370,860 m2 (3,991,900 sq ft), of which the station building has a 114,602 m2 (1,233,570 sq ft) floor area, a 13,324 m2 (143,420 sq ft) elevated pedestrian platform, a 143,664 m2 (1,546,390 sq ft) non-stop pillar canopy, a 60,650 m2 (652,800 sq ft) ground floor, and a 38,620 m2 (415,700 sq ft) ground floor car park. The main arch spans 116 metres and the highest point is 58 metres above the ground.

ServicesEdit

 
Inside view

Located on the main line of the Beijing–Guangzhou high-speed railway, Wuhan railway station is served by almost all trains traveling on this railway to or through Wuhan. (Only a small number of trains terminate at Hankou instead.)

Some of the high-speed trains running via Wuhan on the Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu high-speed railway use Wuhan station as well, but most of them use Hankou instead. The Wuhan station is also served by some of the high-speed trains to and from Nanchang (on the Wuhan–Jiujiang Passenger Railway).

No "conventional" (non high-speed) trains are found in this station (due to this station is connected with high-speed line only); all of those services goes to Hankou or Wuchang stations instead.

Metro stationEdit

Wuhan railway station is adjacent to a station of the same name on Line 4 of the Wuhan Metro.

Neighbouring stationsEdit

Preceding station China Railway High-speed Following station
Hengdian East
towards Beijing West
Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong high-speed railway Wulongquan East
Hengdian East
towards Hefei South
Hefei–Wuhan railway Terminus
Terminus Wuhan–Jiujiang high-speed railway Huashan South
towards Jiujiang or Lushan
Wuhan–Huangshi intercity railway Huashan South
towards Daye North
Wuhan–Huanggang intercity railway Huashan South

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "直击武汉天河机场:"封城"前有96架航班飞往全国". Retrieved 2020-01-23.
  2. ^ "3月25日零时起湖北恢复除武汉外铁路客站到达出发业务". People's Daily Online. Retrieved 2020-03-25.
  3. ^ http://english.sina.com/china/p/2009/1210/292182.html Magnificent Wuhan Railway Station – China News – SINA English

External linksEdit