Wrexham County Borough

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Wrexham County Borough (Welsh: Bwrdeistref Sirol Wrecsam) is a county borough in the north-east of Wales. It borders England to the east and south-east, Powys to the south-west, Denbighshire to the west and Flintshire to the north-west. The county borough has a population of 136,055. The town of Wrexham is its largest settlement, which together with villages such as Gwersyllt, New Broughton, Bradley and Rhostyllen form a built-up area with 65,692 residents. Other villages in the county borough include Ruabon, Rhosllanerchrugog, Johnstown, Acrefair, Bangor-on-Dee, and Coedpoeth amongst other villages. The county borough has two outlying towns, Chirk and Holt, and various rural settlements in the county borough's large salient in the Ceiriog Valley, and the English Maelor.

Wrexham County Borough
Bwrdeistref Sirol Wrecsam
County Borough of Wrexham[i]
Pontcysyllte Aqueduct carrying the Llangollen Canal and Cefn Mawr Viaduct on the Shrewsbury–Chester line near Pontcysyllte.
Wrexham County Borough shown within Wales
Wrexham County Borough shown within Wales
Coordinates: 53°03′N 3°00′W / 53.05°N 3.00°W / 53.05; -3.00Coordinates: 53°03′N 3°00′W / 53.05°N 3.00°W / 53.05; -3.00
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country Wales
Preserved countyClwyd
Established1 April 1996
Administrative HQWrexham
 • TypePrincipal council
 • BodyWrexham County Borough Council
 • ExecutiveIndependent GroupConservative coalition (council NOC)
 • LeaderMark Pritchard (Independent Group)
 • MayorBrian Cameron (Independent Group)
 • MSsLesley Griffiths (L)
Ken Skates (L)
+ 4 regional members
 • MPsSarah Atherton (C)
Simon Baynes (C)
 • Total193 sq mi (499 km2)
 • Rank10th
 • Total136,055
 • Rank10th
 • Density700/sq mi (270/km2)
 • Ethnicity
97.6% white
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
GSS codeW06000006
ISO 3166-2GB-WRX
ITL 3 codeTLL23[ii]
ONS code00NL

The area has strong links with traditional industries such as coal-mining and brewing, although modern manufacturing has since succeeded those former industries. The county borough was formed on 1 April 1996 following the enactment of the Local Government (Wales) Act 1994. Borough status was inherited from the town of Wrexham granted in 1857. Most of the area was previously part of the district of Wrexham Maelor – with several communities coming from Glyndŵr – within the former county of Clwyd. Most of the county borough is part of the historic county of Denbighshire, with two exclaves of historic Flintshire: English Maelor and the parish of Marford and Hoseley.

One of Wales' World Heritage Sites; the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal, three of the Seven Wonders of Wales; St Giles' Parish Church, Overton Yew Trees and Gresford's All Saints' Church; two National Trust properties at Erddig and Chirk, part of the Clwydian Range and Dee Valley AONB, the UK's largest prison, and one of the largest industrial estates in Europe are located in the county borough.



In 1848, concerns over the sanitary conditions, in particular the threat of cholera,[1][2] in the growing town of Wrexham, led to locals launching a petition in February 1857 for the town to be incorporated. In September 1857, the town was granted a charter,[1][3] spanning the two townships of the town, Wrexham Abbot and Wrexham Regis,[2] as well as part of Esclusham Below, and forming the borough of Wrexham, with a borough council (a corporation) and mayor under the terms of the Municipal Corporations Act 1835.[4][5][6] During incorporation the town was also given a coat of arms.[7] Between 1894 and 1974, as part of Denbighshire; the remaining civil parishes surrounding but excluding the town were part of the Wrexham Rural District, civil parishes in the Maelor region were part of the Overton Rural District, renamed Maelor Rural District in 1953. Whereas civil parishes in Chirk and the Ceiriog Valley were from 1894 part of either the Chirk Rural District or Llansillin Rural District, until they were merged into the Ceiriog Rural District in 1935, and abolished in 1974 to become part of Clwyd's Glyndŵr district.[8]

The Local Government Act 1958 formed the Local Government Commission for Wales tasked to review the potential reform of local government in Wales. In their 1963 report, the commission rejected proposals for the establishment of Wrexham as a county borough.[9]

The borough of Wrexham, Wrexham Rural District (except Llangollen Rural and Llantysilio), Marford and Hoseley (from Hawarden Rural District, Flintshire) and the neighbouring Flintshire exclave of the Maelor Rural District, were abolished in 1974, all being absorbed into the Wrexham Maelor district of the then administrative county of Clwyd.[8][10] Chirk and the Ceiriog Valley were part of the Glyndŵr district. Clwyd itself was abolished in 1996 as an administrative county, becoming a preserved county for ceremonial lieutenancy purposes.[11] Wrexham was established as a county borough (a principal area; same powers as counties in Wales) in 1996, containing all of the former Clwyd district of Wrexham Maelor, and the communities of Chirk, Glyntraian, Llansantffraid Glyn Ceiriog and Ceiriog Ucha from the Glyndŵr district.[7][11]

Following formation in 1996, there were discussions over the boundary between the newly created principal areas of Denbighshire and Wrexham County Borough, in particular over the lower Dee Valley and Llangollen area. Llangollen, Llangollen Rural and Llantysillio were all considered to potentially all or partly become part of Wrexham County Borough. Referendums were held in the communities, with the community of Llangollen Rural, originally in Denbighshire in 1996, transferred to Wrexham County Borough in 1997 through the enacting of "The Denbighshire and Wrexham (Areas) Order 1996" on 1 April 1997.[12][13][14] Referendums by Llangollen Town Council were held in 1993 and 2000, with the latter resulting in a narrow majority of nineteen votes for staying in Denbighshire, and the Welsh Assembly accepting the result by confirming the boundaries in 2002.[15][16][17][18]


Wrexham County Borough is a landlocked principal area in Wales. It is a "border county" in the Welsh Marches border region. It is bordered by the English counties of Cheshire to the east and Shropshire to the south and south-east, and the Welsh counties of Flintshire to the north, Denbighshire to the west, and Powys to the south-west.

Parts of the Berwyn range and Maesyrchen Mountains, some part of the Clwydian Range and Dee Valley Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty since 2011, border the county borough to its west.[19] To the east across the River Dee, the county borough meets the Cheshire Plain.[20]

Map of the English Maelor, south-east of Wrexham, in Wrexham County Borough

The county borough's boundaries can be characterised by two protrusions from the largely contiguous borders surrounding the town of Wrexham, sometimes defined as Maelor Gymraeg (meaning "Welsh Maelor"). To the south-east of the town, across the River Dee, the English Maelor (Welsh: Maelor Saesneg; a former part of Historic Flintshire) extends to almost meet the English village of Whitchurch, Shropshire and Fenn's Moss.[21] To the south-west, a large salient of the county borough to the west of Chirk, along the River Ceiriog and the surrounding Ceiriog Valley meets the Berwyn range and the Powys border. The highest point in the county borough is Craig Berwyn, rising 790 metres on the Wrexham-Powys border in the Berwyn range. Other highland geographic features include: Esclusham Mountain, Minera Mountain, the peaks of Moel Fferna, Pen Bwlch Llandrillo, Eglwyseg Mountain and Cadair Bronwen (all on the Denbighshire border), the Ruabon Moors and Ruabon Mountain.

The county borough is within the preserved county of Clwyd, and between 1974 and 1996 as part of the then administrative county of Clwyd, the present-day county borough was divided into the districts of Wrexham Maelor and Glyndŵr. Before Clwyd's establishment in 1974, the modern-day county borough was part of the historic counties of Denbighshire (spanning most of the modern-day county borough; including Wrexham), and Flintshire (the English Maelor exclave).

Offa's and Wat's Dyke, and their respective pathways (Offa's Dyke Path,[22] and Wat's Dyke Way)[23] pass through the county borough. Other pathways include the Dee Way Walk,[24] and Maelor Way.[25] The Fenn's, Whixall and Bettisfield Mosses National Nature Reserve is located in the south-east of the county along the Wrexham-Shropshire border.[26]

The county borough is largely urban and industrial surrounding Wrexham, but largely rural for the rest of the county borough, with areas of farmland and rural estates. Woodlands cover 9.4% of the county borough, lower than the national average of 14%.[27]

The Wrexham Built-up area (red and blue), with associated subdivisions (blue).

The main settlement of the county borough is the town of Wrexham. The Wrexham built-up area, includes the neighbouring villages of Gwersyllt, Rhostyllen, Brymbo, Bradley and New Broughton, forming Wales' fourth largest urban area with 65,692 inhabitants.[28] The two other towns in the county borough are Chirk and Holt. The main villages of the county borough are Rhosllanerchrugog, Ruabon, Cefn Mawr, Coedpoeth, Gresford, Llay, Llansantffraid Glyn Ceiriog, Llanarmon Dyffryn Ceiriog, Bangor-on-Dee and Marchwiel. Rhosllanerchrugog's built-up area extends to Ruabon, Cefn Mawr and Acrefair, with a total population of 25,362 in 2011.[29]

Rivers in the county borough include the rivers: Alyn, Cegidog, Ceiriog, Clywedog, Dee, Eitha, Gwenfro, Nant-y-Ffrith and the Wych Brook. Some of these rivers form the edges of the county borough, such as the Dee, Nant-y-Ffrith and Wych.

The River Dee is the main river in the county borough, flowing from Denbighshire in the west into the county borough passing Froncysyllte, under Pontcysyllte Aqueduct, and passing Chirk, until it flows north-east towards England, cutting off the county borough's south-east salient of Maelor Saesneg (meaning "English Maelor") and later forming part of the border between Wales and England. River Alyn, a tributary of the Dee, flows in the north of the county borough.

Lakes in the county borough include: Acton Park Lake, Cae Llwyd Reservoir, Chirk Castle Lake, Fenn's Bank Mere, Gresford Flash (The Flash), Hanmer Mere, Llyn Bedydd, Monk's Pool, Pant-yr-ochain Lake, Penycae Top Reservoir, Ty Mawr Reservoir, and Wynnstay Park Lake.

There is a veteran tree, said to be over 1,000 years old, near Chirk, known as the Oak at the Gate of the Dead.[30][31] There are also some caves under Esclusham Mountain to the west of the county borough, with caves such as: Ogof Dydd Byraf and Ogof Llyn Parc.

Country parksEdit

There are eleven urban and country parks in the county borough operated by Wrexham council, these include all the country parks, three urban parks in Wrexham and Ponciau, as well as the Nant Mill Visitor Centre and Brynkinalt Park.[32] The seven country parks[33] in the county borough are:[34] Alyn Waters,[35][36] Bonc-yr-Hafod,[37] Erddig Park,[38] Minera Leadmines,[39] Moss Valley,[40] Stryt Las Park, and Tŷ Mawr.[27][41][42]

There are two country house estates with significant areas of parkland and woodland, those being at Brynkinalt (near Chirk; with the Brynkinalt Park; also known as Chirk Green being council-operated),[43] and at Erddig (National Trust-operated; south of Wrexham).[44][45] Iscoyd Park in Maelor Saesneg also boasts some parkland.

Nant Mill hosts a Visitor Centre on the Clywedog Trail and is surrounded by woodland,[46] whereas Stryt Las Park between Rhos and Johnstown hosts grassland, woodland and ponds.[47] Both are operated by the council.

Wrexham town has two main town parks, Bellevue Park,[48][49] and Acton Park,[50][49] there is also a town centre green in-front of the council's Guildhall. Rhosllanerchrugog and Ponciau have Ponciau Banks Park as their urban park.[51][32]

87% of the population in the county borough is within two miles of the main parks in the county borough.[27][32] The remaining areas are already largely rural, in particular the Ceiriog valley and English Maelor.[32]

Former Minera Lead Mines, now a country park

Clywedog Trail spans for 5.5 miles (8.9 km) along the River Clywedog, from the Minera Lead Mines to King's Mills.[52] Offa's Dyke Path passes through the county borough.[53]

Bonc-yr-Hafod and Stryt Las are both part of the Stryt Las a'r Hafod Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI).[32][54][55][56]

Politics and local governmentEdit

The principal area (styled as a "county borough") is governed by Wrexham County Borough Council, a Welsh local authority principal council. Most offices of the council are situated within Wrexham town centre, around Llwyn Isaf, Lord Street and Chester Street. Its customer contact centre, "Contact Wrexham" is located at 16 Lord Street.[57][58] The headquarters of the council's Chief Exceutive is at the Guildhall (Welsh: Neuadd y Dref; lit.'Town hall') in Wrexham.[49][59] From May 2022, there are forty-nine electoral wards for the council, with seven having two councillors.

2022 Wrexham County Borough Council election results, coloured in party colours, by electoral ward.

The most recent Wrexham County Borough election on 5 May 2022,[60] resulted in independent politicians maintaining their position as the largest group with 23 members but falling short of a majority, leaving the council in no overall control.[61] Since 2017,[62] the principal council has been operated by a coalition of local independents, the "Wrexham Independents" group and the Conservatives.[63] Following the 2022 election, on 11 May 2022, local independents and the separately organised "Wrexham Independents" merged into a 21-member[iii] "Independent Group", and formed a coalition with the Conservatives again for another five-year term.[64] The next election for the council is due for 6 May 2027,[65] as part of the next Welsh local elections.

Wrexham County Borough Council's Guildhall, Wrexham
Glyn Ceiriog in the county borough's south-west.

The county borough was formed on 1 April 1996 following the enactment of the Local Government (Wales) Act 1994, containing the district of Wrexham Maelor and some communities of Glyndŵr, namely Chirk, Glyntraian, Llansantffraid Glyn Ceiriog, and Ceiriog Ucha, and later Llangollen Rural in 1997.[11] Borough status was inherited from the town of Wrexham, which was granted to the town in September 1857.[7]

The area includes a portion of the eastern half of the historic county of Denbighshire and two exclaves of historic Flintshire: English Maelor and the parish of Marford and Hoseley.

The county borough is in the East Wales ITL 2 (formerly NUTS 2) and "Flintshire and Wrexham" ITL 3 (formerly NUTS 3) statistical regions by the UK's Office for National Statistics (and until 2020 Eurostat).[66] It is regarded to be in the North East Wales and North Wales non-administrative regions[67][68] (and the associated regional bodies, such as North Wales Economic Ambition Board,[69] North Wales Police,[70] North Wales Fire and Rescue Service,[71] Tourism Partnership North Wales, and Betsi Cadwaladr University Health Board).[72]

In general elections, the county borough spans two constituencies, currently (as of April 2022) the same for both UK Parliamentary elections, and devolved Welsh Parliamentary (Senedd) elections; the constituencies of Clwyd South and Wrexham.[73] From the next United Kingdom general election, where Wales' constituencies are reduced from 40 to 32 following the 2023 Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies; under September 2021 draft proposals by the Boundary Commission for Wales; the county borough would be served by an expanded "Wrexham" constituency, the north-western parts to be within an expanded Alyn and Deeside (currently wholly in Flintshire), and the Wrexham sections of the Clwyd South constituency transferred to a new "Montgomeryshire and Glyndŵr" constituency shared with parts of Powys.[74]

Polling done by UnHerd, showed that of those polled 54% of the county borough supported the continued reign of the British Monarch, compared to 23% and 21% opposed, and 23% and 25% don't know, in the Wrexham and Clwyd South constituencies respectively.[75][76]

In the 2016 National Survey for Wales, only 45.9% of the population agreed or strongly agreed that Wrexham County Borough Council provides quality services, below the Welsh average of 59.3%.[27]

Local recent political historyEdit

On 23 June 2016 in the 2016 EU referendum, the county borough voted 59% in favour of Leave.[77]

In the 2019 United Kingdom general election, Conservative candidates won the constituencies of Wrexham and Clwyd South for the first time in their existence.[77][78][79] The constituencies were generally considered to be Labour heartlands part of its "red wall",[80] and were won by Labour in the June 2017 election, as well as previous elections.[81][82][83] In the 2021 Senedd election, Welsh Labour incumbents for the Senedd constituencies of Wrexham and Clwyd South covering the county borough were re-elected.[77][84][85]

In 2021, the council submitted bids for UK City of Culture 2025 on behalf of the county borough although later lost to Bradford, and a separate bid, submitted in December 2021, to award the town of Wrexham the status of a city for the civic honours awarded for the 2022 Platinum Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II, which it later won.[86] It was the only city bid from Wales, and Wrexham has applied for city status three other times, in 2000, 2002 and 2012, with the 2012 bid lost to St Asaph, Denbighshire.[87]

Westminster membersEdit

Constituency Member of UK Parliament Political party First elected
Clwyd South Simon Baynes Conservative 2019
Wrexham Sarah Atherton 2019

Senedd membersEdit

Electoral district Member of the Senedd Political party First elected
Constituencies Clwyd South Ken Skates Labour 2011
Wrexham Lesley Griffiths 2007

electoral region

North Wales

Regional members of the Senedd

Carolyn Thomas 2021
Llyr Huws Gruffydd Plaid Cymru 2011
Mark Isherwood Conservative 2003
Sam Rowlands 2021


Electoral wardsEdit

Economy and industryEdit

The economy of the county borough has changed over the past few decades, from a largely coal-mining focused heavy industrial area, into a high-tech manufacturing, technological and service industry hub.[88]

The main industry is manufacturing with around 20% (18.3% in 2011 census) of employment in the county borough being in the manufacturing sector.[89] The other largest sectors from the 2011 census include: 15.2% in the Wholesale and retail sector (including vehicle repair), 14.6% health sector, 8.9% education, 6.9% construction, 6.0% government and military, 4.9% accommodation and food service, 4.4% administration and support services, 4.3% transport, 3.9% professional, scientific and technical, 2.8% finance and industry, 1.8% IT and 8% other.[90] When classed together the public sector counts for more than a third of jobs in the county borough.[89] 75% of the total land in the county borough is managed by farmers.[27]



Original brewery of Wrexham Lager, now an office building inside Wrexham Central Retail Park. It is a Listed building.

In the 19th century, a brewing industry developed in Wrexham town, alongside the town's existing leather and coal industry.[91][92] The town became a brewing centre due to the town's good underground water supplies near but not of the River Gwenfro.[93][94] The sands and gravels in the surrounding river plain filters groundwater which builds up on the impervious rocks beneath.[94] Wrexham also sits above a faultline, dividing the area into a mineral-rich hard water east suitable for brewing beer, and a soft water west for lager.[94] Many breweries were also set up in the medieval times in the township of Wrexham Abbot which would have had lower taxes than Wrexham Regis, the areas controlled by the Crown.[94] By the 1860s, there were 19 breweries in the town.[93] Many brewers became leading politicians in the town, with two brewers, Thomas Rowland and Peter Walker disagreeing who should be mayor of Wrexham.[93]

Wrexham Lager has been brewed in Wrexham since 1882.[93][95] The brewery produced the first German-brewed lager in the United Kingdom, and was located in Wrexham for the brewing quality of its underground spring water.[96] The lager was reputedly served on board the Titanic, other White Star Line ships and by soldiers during the Siege of Khartoum.[97][98][99] It is also claimed to be the first lager to been exported to countries such as India, South Africa, Australia and various countries in the Americas.[100] The brand started to decline during the World Wars, following changing consumer tastes, rationalisation, and the internationalisation of the industry.[100][101] The brewery was bought by Ind Coope & Allsopp, eventually merged into Allied Breweries and later Carlsberg-Tetley.[100] The original brewery located on top of the Gwenfro was closed by Carlsberg in 2000, with all UK-wide production by Carlsberg of the brand ceasing in 2002. The modern brewery, constructed in the late-20th century, was demolished between 2002 and 2003,[101] and was replaced with Wrexham Central Retail Park. The original brewhouse building on Central Road within the now retail park remains as a Grade II listed building.

Another known brewery formerly operating in Wrexham was Soames's Brewery, and what later became Border Breweries. The brewery can be traced back to a minor brewing business operating out of the Nag's Head Public House on Tuttle Street.[102] It wasn't until 1874 following an acquisition, that "Wrexham Brewery" started to become a major producer. In his 1892 tour, Alfred Barnard described Soames's to have the best beer in Wrexham.[93][103] The Border Breweries company was formed from the merger of Soames Wrexham Brewery, Island Green Brewery and Dorsett Owen in 1931.[103][102] It was purchased by Marston's Brewery in 1984 and closed by Marston's six months later despite stating otherwise.[93][102] Other former breweries include Albion, Cambrian, Eagle, Island Green, and Willow.

Present dayEdit

In 2011, the Wrexham Lager brand was revived, launched in the Buck House Hotel in Bangor-on-Dee,[104] it later moved to a newly built high-tech microbrewery on St. George's Crescent to the east of Wrexham town centre from the original brewery.[100]

In recent years, the lager has experienced success, with the lager in 2022 announced it will be sold in Aldi stores across Wales and England.[105]

As of April 2022, the other microbreweries currently set up in the county borough include: Big Hand Microbrewery (Wrexham Ind. Est.),[106] Magic Dragon Brewery (Plassey),[107][108][109][110] McGivern Ales (Ruabon),[111] and Sandstone Brewery.[112][113]

Red brickEdit

Pen-y-bont, on the site of the former J C Edwards brickworks site, near Cefn Mawr. The building was a showpiece for the company's brickwork.

Ruabon to the west of the county borough has a deep history in brick and tile-making. This is owed to its vast amounts of high quality Etruria Marl clay. In the 19th century this clay was the centrepiece for Ruabon's tile and terracotta production on a vast scale, leading the village to be nicknamed "Terracottapolis".[114][115][116] Its former manufacturing speciality the "Ruabon Red Brick" were used in various buildings of the Victorian era, such as the Pierhead Building in Cardiff, Victoria Building of Liverpool University and in the restoration of the Taj Mahal.[97][114] Hafod Brickworks were established near Hafod Colliery in 1878, and a "Red Works" in 1893.[114][117] The bricks contributed to the term "redbrick" in the term "Redbrick university". Brick production largely ceased in the 1970s, with production mainly focused on quarry tiles.[114]

Former miningEdit

In 1854, there were 26 coal mines operating in the western uplands of Wrexham.[118] The main mines were located at Ruabon, Rhos, Acrefair, Brymbo and Broughton (particularly around the Moss Valley). Mining operations were later concentrated, with larger colleries such as Westminster, Hafod (now Bonc-yr-Hafod park), Bersham, Wynnstay, Wrexham and Acton, Llay Hall and Gatewen commencing operations.[118] By the 20th century, two deep coal pits were dug, one at Gresford opening in 1911,[7] and another at Llay Main.[118] In 1934, a colliery disaster in Gresford killed 261 miners, with 3 rescuers also killed in the rescue operations. In the late 20th century, the traditional industries of Wrexham, in particular coal-mining, went into decline. Llay Main closed in 1966, Hafod closed in 1968, Gresford Colliery closed in 1973, and Bersham Colliery closed in 1986.[7][118]

Industrial estateEdit

There are 25 different industrial and business parks in the county borough,[27] with Wrexham Industrial Estate being the largest, located 2.5 miles east from Wrexham and on the site of a former World War II munitions factory.[49][119][120][121]

Kronospan factory, Chirk

Wrexham Industrial Estate is the largest industrial area in Wales, among the top ten in the United Kingdom and one of the largest in Europe.[89][119][120][122][123] There are around 360 businesses in the estate, providing 10,000 jobs.[27] The main industries operating in the industrial estate include: banking and finance, automotive, engineering, pharmaceutical, aerospace, and food and beverage.[27] The Oxford–AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine was manufactured at the Wockhardt UK facility in the industrial estate.[124]

HM Prison Berwyn, a Category C adult-male prison is located in the industrial estate, and opened in 2017.[125] It is the largest prison in the United Kingdom.[126][127] In Chirk, there is a Kronospan wood product production factory[128] and a Mondelez International (for Cadbury) factory.[129][130] Whereas at Llay, there is Magellan Aerospace[131][132] and a regional divisional HQ for North Wales Police.[133]


Wrexham Butcher's Market from Wrexham High Street
Eagles Meadow shopping centre in 2016 at night, with an Odeon Cinema , M&S and Tenpin.

Wrexham serves as the main retail centre for the county borough. Its town centre, hosts Eagles Meadow shopping centre,[134][135] two markets (General and Butcher's),[136] Tŷ Pawb (former People's Market),[137] Island Green retail park, and a High Street.[97] A Monday market is held in the town on Queen's Square.[136]

Notable retail areas outside the town centre are: Plas Coch retail park and Gwersyllt retail park.

The county borough is also connected to shopping destinations in Chester, Broughton and Liverpool.


Wrexham County Borough Museum, proposed home of the Football Museum for Wales (in the building's empty upper floors).

Wrexham is regarded as the "spiritual home of Welsh football",[138][139] with a Football Museum for Wales proposed to be set up in the town.[139][140][141][142] The county borough is home to the oldest club in Wales and third oldest association football club in the World, Wrexham A.F.C., which play in the oldest stadium in Wales. The Football Association of Wales was founded on 2 February 1876 at the Wynnstay Arms Hotel in Wrexham.[143] The first association football match in Wales is said to be in or near Wrexham.[144][145]

Notable stadia in the county borough include the Racecourse Ground (oldest in Wales), The Rock, and an athletics stadium at Queensway.


The county borough is home to Wrexham A.F.C., formed in 1864, they are the oldest club in Wales and the third[146] oldest professional association football team in the world. The team competes in the National League, the fifth tier of the English football league system.[97][147][148] Wrexham A.F.C's home stadium, the Racecourse Ground, is the world's oldest international stadium that still continues to host international games, and its neighbouring Turf Hotel pub is the oldest pub to any sporting stadium in the world.[146] The team train at Colliers Park, Gresford,[149] and have an equivalent Women's team. The team's rivalry with Chester City F.C. (now Chester F.C.) is described as the "Cross-border derby". In 1869, another football team composed of footballers from Ruabon, was formed in Plas Madoc, later becoming the Cefn Druids following a merger.[144][145][150]

As of March 2022, aside Wrexham A.F.C., all other teams in the county borough play in the Welsh football league system. In the Cymru Premier, the highest tier (Tier 1), only Cefn Druids A.F.C. based at The Rock, Rhosymedre play.[151][152] In the tier 2 Cymru North league, Gresford Athletic F.C. play.[153] In the tier 3 Ardal Leagues; Brickfield Rangers F.C., Brymbo F.C., Cefn Albion F.C., Chirk AAA F.C., Llay Welfare F.C., Penycae F.C., Rhos Aelwyd F.C. and Rhostyllen F.C..[154] In the tier 4 North East Wales Football League; Cefn Mawr Rangers F.C., Chirk Town F.C., Coedpoeth United F.C., FC Queens Park, Lex Glyndwr XI F.C., and Overton Recreation F.C..[155] This tier 4 league also have a tier 5 championship, containing the Wrexham County Borough teams of Bellevue, Borras Park Albion, Brymbo Lodge, FC United of Wrexham, Johnstown Youth, and Ruabon Rovers. A Wrexham Town Police Station F.C. was also set up in 2022.[156]


Wrexham RFC is a Welsh rugby union team based in Wrexham, and is a member of the Welsh Rugby Union and was a founding club of the North Wales Rugby Union, itself founded in Wrexham in 1931.[157] The club is located to the east of Rhosnesni, Wrexham.

Between 2010 and 2021, the North Wales Crusaders were based in Wrexham, first at the Racecourse Ground, then at the Queensway Stadium in Caia Park, Wrexham.[158]

Aerial view of Bangor-on-Dee racecourse (dark green patch) surrounded by the meandering River Dee.

Horse racingEdit

Bangor-on-Dee racecourse is located in Bangor-on-Dee, and has held horse racing events since February 1859. It is the only racecourse in North and Mid Wales.[159][160] Prior to being a football stadium and home to Wrexham A.F.C., the Racecourse Ground once held horse racing events as part of the Wrexham Gold Cup and the Silver Cavalry Cup, with the first held on 29 September 1807.[161] Horse racing ended at the Racecourse Ground in 1857.[49][161]


Wrexham County Borough's transportation system is part of Transport for Wales' North Wales Metro bus and rail improvement programme.[162] There are no airports or motorways in the county borough. The nearest airports providing passenger air travel are: Birmingham Airport, Liverpool John Lennon Airport, and Manchester Airport, all in England, with direct service available to the airports in Birmingham and Manchester, and a direct service to Liverpool South Parkway the nearest station to Liverpool's airport. In 1950, Wrexham (specifically Plas Coch) was a stop in the world's first scheduled helicopter passenger service between Liverpool and Cardiff by British European Airways.[163][164] The service ceased in March 1951 due to low demand.[163][164]


Wrexham General railway station, the main railway station in the county borough.

The county borough contains two railway lines,[165] the Borderlands line between Wrexham Central and Bidston (Birkenhead),[166][167] and the Shrewsbury–Chester line. There are five stations in the county borough;[168][169] Chirk, Gwersyllt, Ruabon, Wrexham Central and Wrexham General. Gwersyllt, Wrexham General and Wrexham Central (terminus) are on the Borderlands line, whereas Ruabon, Wrexham General, and Chirk are on the Shrewsbury–Chester line,[170] with the two railway lines interchanging at Wrexham General, the main and busiest station in the county borough.[171]

There are two proposed railway stations in the county borough, Wrexham North and Wrexham South,[172][173][174] and plans to reopen parts of the Glyn Valley Tramway as a heritage railway.[27][175]

Two former major branches of railway were the Wrexham and Minera Branch, which supported the steelworks at nearby Brymbo Steel Mill and Minera Limeworks, with the last of the lines closed in 1982, and the Wrexham and Ellesmere Railway, opened in 1895,[163] which passed through Wrexham town centre, St. Giles' Church and Maelor Saesneg towards Ellesmere, which closed in 1962 for passengers and 1981 for freight.[176][177]


The A483 southwards in Esclusham

The main road in the county borough is the A483, a dual carriageway, entering the county borough from Chester in the north and passing the outskirts of Wrexham,[169] Rhostyllen, Ruabon and meeting the A5, at Halton, near Chirk.[27] The A5 ("London-Holyhead Trunk Road") connects Oswestry (continuing southwards to London) and Llangollen (towards Holyhead) via Chirk and Froncysyllte. The A534 connects Wrexham to Nantwich via Holt, with the A5156 near Borras,[27] linking the A534 to the A483 near Pandy. The A541 connects Wrexham to Trefnant, Mold, Nannerch and the outskirts of Denbigh.[27] Trunk roads are managed by the North and Mid Wales Trunk Road Agent on behalf of the Welsh Government.[178] There are no motorways in the county borough.

An Arriva Sapphire service, on route 1 from Chester Railway Station, terminating at Wrexham Bus Station, operated by Arriva Buses Wales in its original livery in 2013.


Wrexham bus station serves as the main bus terminus of the county borough. Bus services are operated by various bus operators such as Arriva Buses Wales, Arriva Midlands, TrawsCymru, Stagecoach North West, Llew Jones Coaches, Lloyds Coaches, M&H Coaches, Pat's Coaches, Tanat Valley Coaches and Valentine Travel.[179] Popular bus services in the county borough include the Arriva Sapphire 1 between Wrexham bus station and Chester railway station, and the TrawsCymru T3 Wrexham to Barmouth service.

Former tramwaysEdit

There was an electric tramway between 1903 and 1927, connecting Wrexham to Rhosllanerchrugog, operated by Wrexham and District Electric Tramways.[163] The route was 4.44 miles (7.15 km) long, connecting the mining villages with Wrexham town centre, and General railway station.[163] It was later replaced with motor buses in 1937.[49][163][180][181]


The most recent population estimate for the county borough is 136,055 people in 2020.[182] The four communities at the centre of Wrexham town have a population of 43,422 (2011 census), accounting for 32% of the population of the county borough.[183][184][185][186] Although the town of Wrexham may be considered to extend further out from these four communities of Acton, Caia Park, Offa and Rhosddu. The wider Wrexham built-up area, including Wrexham, urban villages such as Gwersyllt, Brymbo and New Broughton, as well as Bradley and Rhostyllen, have a population of 65,692 (2011 census), 48% of the county borough.[187] The other largest settlement is Rhosllanerchrugog with a population of 9,694[188] (2011 census, community) and its built-up area including Penycae, Cefn Mawr and Ruabon had a population of 25,362[29] (2011 census). In a 2020 population projection, Wrexham County Borough's population is expected to shrink slightly by 2028.[189] There is about an estimated 1,000 more men than women in the county borough, 68,526 men to 67,529 women.[190] The county borough is thirteenth in population density of the principal areas of Wales, with 270 per kilometre.

The average age in the county borough is 42 years, with more than 25% of the population being in the 45 to 64 age cohort.[89]

At the 2011 census, 96.9% of the population was recorded to be White, made of 93.1% English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/ British, 0.4% Irish and 3.4% other White. The next largest eithnic group in 2011 was Asian/Asian British at 1.7%, with 0.6% identifying as Indian. 0.5% of the 2011 population were Black, and 0.2% other ethnic.[90]

In 2011, 93.7% of the population was born in the United Kingdom, 69.2% from Wales, 23.4% from England, 0.8% from Scotland, and 0.3% from Northern Ireland. 0.3% from the Republic of Ireland, 3.4 from the European Union (excluding Ireland), and 2.6% from other countries. 71.2% held a British passport, 24.3% no passport, 3.3% an EU member passport, and 1.2% other.

From the 2011 census, 95.8% of the population over 16 had English at their main household language. 65.1% of the population classed themselves as part of a religion, of which: 63.5% were Christian, 0.6% Muslim, 0.4% Hindu and 0.6% other. 27.4% had no religion, and 7.5% religion not stated.

66% of waste is either recycled, reused or composted in the county borough between 2018 and 2019, 3% higher than the Welsh average.[191]

In 2011, 94.7% of the population identified with a UK nation identity consisting of either a Welsh/English/Scottish/Northern Irish or British identity, with 60.3% having part or full Welsh identity. 0.4% had a mixed identity between Welsh/English/Scottish/Northern Irish/British and another identity. 3.4% of the population had other non-UK identities.[27]

Some of the top 10% deprived areas in Wales are located in the county borough, these five Lower Super Output Areas (LSOAs) are; Queensway 1, Wynnstay, Plas Madoc, Queensway 2 and Cartrefle 2.[27]


Valley in Ceiriog Ucha.

Only 12.9% of Wrexham County Borough's population at the 2011 census could speak Welsh, lower than the national average of 19%, making the county borough largely anglophone.[192] The highest proportion of Welsh-language speakers in the county borough is in the rural Ceiriog Valley ward, where 31.2% can speak the Celtic language. The ward of Wynnstay in Wrexham has the lowest proportion of Welsh-language speakers with 7.7%. Therefore, Welsh is more likely to be spoken in more rural areas of the county borough.[27]


Health in the county borough has been managed since 2009 by the NHS Wales local health board, Betsi Cadwaladr University Health Board which covers all of North Wales.[193][194] Prior to Betsi Cadwaladr LHB, there was a separate Wrexham LHB and the North East Wales NHS Trust[195] based at Wrexham Maelor Hospital.

As of March 2017, the life expectancy in the county borough is 65 years for both Males and Females.[27]


The main general hospital in the county borough is Wrexham Maelor Hospital in Wrexham, opened in 1985, and has an Accident and Emergency department.[7] A Private hospital known as Spire Yale, operated by Spire Healthcare is located next to Wrexham Maelor Hospital. There is a smaller community hospital in Chirk, and a former Polish community hospital in Penley, the latter opened in 1946 for treating Polish people following the Second World War, and was closed in 2002.[196] There is also an Adult Male-only Independent Mental health hospital known as the New Hall Hospital near Ruabon.[197] The Wrexham & East Denbighshire War Memorial Hospital, located in Wrexham town centre, was built in the aftermath of World War I and fundraised by the local population from 1918 to 1927, to commemorate those killed in the war.[198] The hospital closed in 1986, and now serves as part of Yale College (now part of Coleg Cambria).[49]


Higher and further educationEdit

Wrexham Glyndŵr University, formerly the North East Wales Institute of Higher Education (NEWI).

The county borough houses one university, located in the town of Wrexham, Wrexham Glyndŵr University, awarded university status in 2008.[199][200] Bangor University has a healthcare school near Wrexham Maelor Hospital.[201] The main further education provider in the county borough is Coleg Cambria,[202] formed in 2013 from the merger of Yale College, Wrexham and Deeside College in Flintshire. Coleg Cambria also provides some higher education, and has two main sites in Wrexham, at Yale Grove Road in the town centre, and Bersham Road to the south-west of the town centre in Offa.[202]

Campuses of Coleg Cambria (Yale College, Wrexham prior to 2013) in Wrexham. Bersham Road campus (left), Yale Grove Road (right).


There are a total of 68 schools in the county borough.[89] Of those, nine are secondary schools, including one Welsh-medium secondary school of Ysgol Morgan Llwyd, and the only shared-faith secondary school in Wales of St Joseph's Catholic and Anglican High School. Three secondary schools have Sixth forms; those being The Maelor School, Ysgol Morgan Llwyd, and Ysgol Rhiwabon.[203] The other five secondary schools are Ysgol Bryn Alyn, Ysgol y Grango, Darland High School, Rhosnesni High School, and Ysgol Clywedog.[203] There is a special school of St Christophers in Wrexham.[204] For the 2015/2016 school year eight of the fifty-nine primary schools at the time were Welsh-medium or bilingual.[27]

In 2019, secondary schools in Wrexham were criticised by Estyn, the Welsh education and training inspectorate, for having the poorest attendance of the principal areas in Wales.[205]


Wrexham County Borough is twinned with the German district of Märkischer Kreis[96] and the Polish town of Racibórz.[49][206][207]

The first twinning was established on 17 March 1970 between the former Kreis Iserlohn and Wrexham Rural District.[208] Its early success ensured that, after local government reorganisation in both countries in the mid-seventies, the twinning was taken over by the new councils of Märkischer Kreis and Wrexham Maelor Borough Council and, in 1996, by Wrexham County Borough Council.

In 2001 Märkischer Kreis entered a twinning arrangement with Racibórz, a county in Poland, which was formerly part of Silesia, Germany. In September 2002, a delegation from Racibórz visited Wrexham and began discussions about cooperation which led to the signing of the Articles of Twinning between Wrexham and Racibórz in March 2004. The Wrexham area has strong historical links with Poland. Following World War II, many service personnel from the Free Polish armed forces who had been injured received treatment at Penley Polish Hospital. Many of their descendants remain in the area.

Culture and tourismEdit

In 2015, it is estimated the county borough attracted 1.86 million visitors, and brought in more than £100 million for the tourism industry.[27][97]

Three of the Seven Wonders of Wales are located in the county borough, those wonders being: St Giles' Parish Church, All Saints' Church in Gresford, and the Yew trees at St Mary's Church in Overton.[97] Elihu Yale, after which Yale University is named after, is buried in Wrexham, with his tomb located at St Giles' Parish Church.[209] Local archives relating to the town and county borough are held at the A. N. Palmer Centre for Local Studies and Archives, in Wrexham County Borough Museum, Wrexham.

The 2011 National Eisteddfod of Wales, held on the Lower Berse Farm, Offa, Wrexham (near Bersham), with the Maes in the background.

Since 1876, the county borough has hosted the National Eisteddfod of Wales eight times, six hosted in or near Wrexham in 1876 [cy],[210] 1888 [cy], 1912 [cy], 1933 [cy], 1977 [cy] and 2011 [cy]; with Rhosllanerchrugog hosting in 1945 [cy] and 1961 [cy].[211] Also held in 1876, was the Wrexham Art & Industry Exhibition.[49][121] The first Wrexham Science Festival was held in 1998.[7]

Focus Wales, an international new music festival is hosted in the town of Wrexham.[212] Tŷ Pawb, an art and cultural centre in the town plays host to many cultural events and exhibitions.[97][213] Wales Comic Con was founded in 2007 and its first event held in Wrexham in 2008, prior to the moving of its events to Telford in 2019 (as Wales Comic Con: Telford Takeover) due to the small venue at Glyndŵr University.[214][215]

There are two public market halls in Wrexham town centre, the Butcher's Market and General Market.[136] A third, People's Market, was converted to the Tŷ Pawb cultural centre in 2018. A weekly Monday market is held in Queen's Square in Wrexham.[136]

Tourism accounts for £116 million and 1,600 jobs for the county borough, increasing 38% between 2012 and 2017.[216]

In 2020, a science discovery centre known as "Xplore!" opened in Wrexham town centre, succeeding the Techniquest centre at Glyndŵr University.[217][218]

There are adventure playgrounds at The Venture in Caia Park and The Land in Plas Madoc.

The oldest surviving engine house in Wales is present at Penrhos near Brymbo.[219][220]

In October 2021, the council's bid for UK City of Culture in 2025 made it onto the competition's shortlist of only 8 shortlisted places in the UK, outbidding 12 other places (20 applied in total) and being the only one of the five bids from Wales making it onto the shortlist. In March 2022, Wrexham County Borough's bid for City of Culture made onto the competition's shortlist of only four places, the only non-English bid.[221][222][223][224] On 31 May 2022, Wrexham lost to Bradford's bid.[225]

Public art and symbolsEdit

Acton Dog sculpture outside Wrexham County Borough Museum.

Notable buildings and structures such as St Giles' Church, Chirk Castle and Pontcysyllte Aqueduct also act as symbols for the county borough.

The "Acton Dog" has become a symbol of Wrexham town, inspired by the four greyhound fibre glass statues on top of Acton Gate at the entrance of the former Acton Estate, they were the symbol of the Cunliffe family.[49][226][227][228][229] Some settlements in the county borough host a colliery wheel as a welcome sign, highlighting the areas coal-mining industry heritage.[230]

Colliery wheel welcome signs in Rhiwabon (Ruabon; left) and Black Park near Chirk (right).

"Babs" was a modified Higham Special sport racing car designed in the county borough.[231] Designed, built and driven by John Godfrey "J.G." Parry-Thomas from Wrexham, it set the land speed record of 171 miles per hour (275 km/h) in Pendine Sands, Carmarthenshire in April 1926.[232] Parry-Thomas was killed in the car on the beach,[233] aged 42, during his attempt on 3 March 1927 to regain his speed record from Malcolm Campbell.[232] The car was buried beneath the sand dunes on the beach until 1969, when it was later recovered, restored and remained on display at the Pendine Museum of Speed until 2018, when it was temporarily relocated to Beaulieu Motor Museum,[233] until the completion of the Pendine Sands of Speed Museum.

Waking the Dragon was a proposed bronze sculpture to be built near Chirk, it was first proposed in 2010,[234] and granted permission in 2011,[235] with progress stalling by 2016 due to a lack of funding.[236]


Chirk Castle is located to the south of the county borough,[237] and there are notable remains of a medieval castle in Holt in the county borough's north-east.[238][239] There was historically a motte and bailey castle at The Rofft site in Marford, and another former motte and bailey castle known as "Wristlesham" in Erddig.

Chirk Castle, a National Trust property, is located on the outskirts of Chirk.[237] It is also within the Clwydian Range and Dee Valley AONB, which extends to the Chirk Castle Estate.[19]

Holt Castle is located in the town of Holt, along the banks of the River Dee next to the English border.[238][239] It was built between 1283 and 1311 by Earls of Surrey, John de Warenne and his grandson, following Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, the Prince of Wales' defeat.[238][239]


The three of the Seven Wonders of Wales present in the county borough are all or part of churches. St Giles' Parish Church is a 16th-century gothic church located in the historic centre of Wrexham.[240][241] All Saints' Church, sometimes described as the "perfect Cheshire church in Wales", is a late-15th century church in Gresford,[242][243] and in Overton-on-Dee, there is St Mary the Virgin Church, with its ring of Yew Trees being one of the seven wonders of Wales.[244]

Wrexham is also home to Wrexham Cathedral (Cathedral Church of Our Lady of Sorrows or St Mary's Cathedral), a Catholic Cathedral which is the seat of the Bishop of Wrexham, and mother church of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Wrexham since 1987.[245][246][247] The cathedral also hosts a chapel dedicated to Richard Gwyn, a martyr who died in Wrexham.[248] Remaining Catholic churches are part of the Wrexham Deanery. Other major churches include St Mary's Church in Ruabon, and St Chad's Church in Holt, the latter having English Civil War bullet holes present in the building.[248]

Tower of St Mary's Church, Overton-on-Dee

Country estates and hallsEdit

The most notable country estate is at Erddig Hall, a Grade-I listed National Trust property, located to the south of Wrexham. Situated on an escarpment above the River Clywedog, the 18th century country house is surrounded by a 1,900-acre (7.7 km2) estate, including parkland and woodlands.[249][250]

Another historic estate is the Wynnstay estate near Ruabon. Notably the home of the Williams-Wynn family, the Wynnstay Hall stands above the River Dee overlooking the Vale of Llangollen and Y Berwyn.[251] The family vacated the building in 1948, with it first turned into a school, and now houses and apartments.[49][252] Trevalyn Hall, a Grade II listed manor house in Rossett, has also been converted to separate homes in the 1984.[253][254]

Marchwiel Hall, a 19th-century private Grade II listed hall is situated near Marchwiel. The estate is home to a cricket ground and pavilion, which serves as the home for the Marchwiel and Wrexham Cricket Club, on the only open part of the estate to the public. The hall has been on sale for £2.5 million.[255][256]

Brynkinalt Hall is a Grade-II* listed private property, built in 1612, near Chirk.

Iscoyd Park located near the border with Shropshire to the east in English Maelor, serves as a wedding venue.[257]

Pen-y-Lan Hall, another Grade II listed building, located near Ruabon, has become known for Ghost sightings, with Ghost hunting events held at the hall.[258][259]

Other halls include: Nant-y-Ffrith Hall, Tudor Court, The Gelli, Wynn Hall and the former Brymbo Hall, a lost British country house.

Scheduled monumentsEdit

Notable peopleEdit

Tourist attractionsEdit

Industrial heritageEdit

Former Bersham Ironworks

Bersham Colliery was opened in 1864, as the Glan-yr-afon Colliery, located near Rhostyllen. It was operated by the Bersham Coal Company, and it wasn't until 10 years later in 1874 that coal was produced at the site. The colliery was closed and partially demolished in December 1986. Its No.2 shaft headgear with its colliery wheel and an engine house with an electric winding gear, as well as other buildings remain standing as part of a small industrial estate. The buildings for the No.2 shaft have been proposed to form a small mining museum for the former colliery.[260][261][262]

Bersham Ironworks were opened in 1715 by Charles Lloyd, and are situated in the Clywedog Valley.[263][264] By the 1750s it was producing iron cannons. Isaac Wilkinson took over in 1753, and produced cannons for the Seven Years' War.[263] In 1763 it was passed to John "Iron Mad" Wilkinson, who developed a new method of gun manufacture with Francis Bacon, where the cannons were first cast solid then bored out afterwards.[263] Bersham reached its peak in 1795 and closed in 1812.[265][266] A Smelting works was opened in Brymbo in 1793.[248][267]

Bersham Heritage Centre, in the Bersham Ironworks, operated from 1983 until 2014, and was the home for the Wrexham County Borough Museum's Industrial History collection, and performed as the centre of Wrexham's Industrial Heritage.[7][264][268]

The Arc (Welsh: Y Bwa) sculpture on Lord Street, Wrexham town centre

Steel was a former industry for the county borough, with the Brymbo Steelworks reaching its peak in steel production in the 1960s and early 1970s. Over 2,000 workers were employed at the steelworks until its closure in 1990. There's a sculpted archway, "the arc", in Lord Street, Wrexham to commemorate the industry.[248] In 2020, the site of the former steelworks were proposed to be re-developed into a visitor attraction and community hub with funding from the National Lottery.[269]


Lead Mines in Minera, opened in 1845, mining lead until its closure in 1914. The site has since been converted into a country park, covering 53 acres (0.21 km2) of grassland, woodland and the former lead mines, it also hosts a tourist centre.[39][270][271]

Notable sites and bridgesEdit

Chirk Aqueduct, facing south towards England, with the viaduct on the right.

There are various aqueducts and viaducts in the south of the county borough, crossing the River Ceiriog and River Dee. These include: Chirk Aqueduct,[272][273] Chirk Viaduct,[274] Pontcysyllte Aqueduct,[275] and Cefn Mawr Viaduct.[276] There is also a canal tunnel at Chirk.[273][277]

The main canal is the Llangollen Canal from Llangollen which travels to Chirk before entering England.[278][279] Sections of the historically proposed and never completed Ellesmere Canal were proposed to pass right through the centre of the county borough, from Chester in the north to meet the River Ceiriog at Chirk until reaching Ellesmere.[280][281]

Notable bridges include: Pont Cysyllte,[282] Bangor-on-Dee Bridge[283] and Holt Bridge.[282][284]

World Heritage SiteEdit

There is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the county borough, the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal, containing the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct, constructed in 1805 and the tallest navigable canal boat crossing in the world, 11 miles (18 km) of the Llangollen Canal, and Chirk Castle.[248] It was designated in June 2009, following the 33rd meeting of the World Heritage Committee in Seville.[285] The Trevor Basin is located northwards of the aqueduct, and in 2021 was awarded funding from the UK Government's Levelling up fund.

Brymbo Fossil ForestEdit

The Brymbo Fossil Forest, a palaeobotanitcal site,[286] is located on the former iron and steelworks site closed in 1990, it is roughly the size of half an association football pitch, and is home to a wide variety of fossilised plants and trees such as arborescent club mosses and horsetails,[287] dating over 300 million years ago, from the Early Carboniferous period.[286][288] Some fossils were transferred and conserved at National Museum Wales, with them set to return should a suitable venue be ready.[289] Discovered during coal-mining in 2003,[290] with many fossils discovered the following year,[291] it was designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest by Natural Resources Wales in 2015.[292][293] Local councillors describe the site to be a potential World Heritage Site, with hopes to become the county borough's second site of such designation.[289] A tourist attraction including a museum and visitor centre, to provide a safe home for the fossils, is proposed on the site, using the old former steelwork buildings.[292][294][295]


Calon FM is the community radio station for the town of Wrexham.[296][297][298] Global Media & Entertainment, which owns Capital FM and operates Heart FM (on behalf of Communicorp UK), broadcasts Capital North West and North Wales,[299] Heart North and Mid Wales[300] and some broadcasts of Capital Cymru[301] from their studios in Gwersyllt, Wrexham, the former studios of the Marcher Radio Group.

BBC Cymru Wales has a local radio station in Wrexham for some local broadcasts.[302][303]

The Leader is the local newspaper in Wrexham.[304] There is also a local media website known as Wrexham.com.[305]


Performance stage at Theatr Stiwt, Rhosllanerchrugog

Theatr Stiwt (Stiwt Theatre) in Rhosllanerchrugog, with 450 seats, opened in 1926, and hosts various drama and musical performances.[306][307] The Grove Park Theatre, described as Wrexham's "oldest amateur theatre", is located on Hill Street in Wrexham since 1954.[308] The 890-seat William Aston Hall in Wrexham Glyndŵr University, and the 150-seat Studio Theatre in Coleg Cambria Yale also acts as a venue for events.[306] The Wrexham Musical Theatre Society is based at the 120-seat Riverside Studio Theatre.[306]

The county borough is home to numerous choirs such as Brymbo, Y Rhos, Rhos Orpheus, Dyffryn Ceiriog and Fron Male Voice Choir.[306] The latter is regarded as the oldest boy-band in the world.[306]


Wrexham County Borough Museum's front entrance.

County Borough MuseumEdit

Wrexham County Borough Museum is the main museum in the county borough. Located in Wrexham town centre on Regent Street,[309] neighbouring Wrexham Cathedral (St Mary's Cathedral), St Mark's Car Park, and town centre shops. The museum building ("County Buildings") was built in 1857 as a military barracks.[49][310] In 1877, the militia moved to Hightown Barracks, with the County Buildings converted to a police station and Magistrates' court in 1879.[49][310][311] The police vacated the building to Bodhyfryd in 1976–77, with the building opened as a museum in 1996 and refurbished in 2010–11.[310] The museum hosts the A. N. Palmer Centre for Local Studies and Archives, the local archives for the town of Wrexham, and the building is proposed to also host a football museum.

Proposed National Football MuseumEdit

A Football Museum for Wales is proposed to be set up in Wrexham, within the Wrexham Museum building on Regent Street.[139][312] Unlike Scotland and England, Wales lacks a museum commemorating national football.[313] The museum would occupy the currently unoccupied upper floors of the building, and exist alongside the Wrexham Museum. The museum is funded and developed by the Welsh Government and Wrexham County Borough Council, and is projected to open by 2024.[314] Wrexham was chosen due being the location where the FAW was founded in 1876 and having the oldest club and oldest football ground in Wales.[140][141][142]


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ as named in some legislation
  2. ^ grouped with Flintshire; formerly UKL23 under NUTS between 2003 and 2020
  3. ^ excluding two independents who did not join.


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  4. ^ "Wrexham Borough Council, records of - Archives Hub". archiveshub.jisc.ac.uk. Retrieved 2022-03-28.
  5. ^ Live, Cheshire (2009-02-26). "Early history of Wrexham". CheshireLive. Retrieved 2022-03-27.
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  9. ^ Report and Proposals of the Local Government Commission for Wales, 1963
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  14. ^ "Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust - Projects - Historic Landscapes - Vale of Llangollen and Eglwyseg -". www.cpat.org.uk. Retrieved 2022-05-28.
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  16. ^ Cabinet Meetings 18/07/00 (PDF). Denbighshire County Council. 18 July 2000.
  17. ^ "Festival town's place on map decided". 2002-04-12. Retrieved 2022-05-28.
  18. ^ Review of part of the boundary between the County of Denbighshire and the County Borough of Wrexham in the area of the communities of Llangollen and Llantysilo in the County of Denbighshire and the communities of Penycae, Cefn, Llangollen Rural, Chirk, Glyntraian and Llansantffraid Glyn Ceiriog in the County Borough of Wrexham — Report and Proposals (PDF). Local Government Boundary Commission for Wales. 2002.
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  26. ^ Trust, Woodland. "Fenn's, Whixall & Bettisfield Mosses". Woodland Trust. Retrieved 2022-04-11.
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