The men's freestyle middleweight competition at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin took place from 2 August to 4 August at the Deutschlandhalle. Nations were limited to one competitor. This weight class was limited to wrestlers weighing up to 79kg.
|Men's freestyle middleweight|
at the Games of the XI Olympiad
|Competitors||15 from 15 nations|
This freestyle wrestling competition continued to use the "bad points" elimination system introduced at the 1928 Summer Olympics for Greco-Roman and at the 1932 Summer Olympics for freestyle wrestling, with a slight modification. Each round featured all wrestlers pairing off and wrestling one bout (with one wrestler having a bye if there were an odd number). The loser received 3 points if the loss was by fall or unanimous decision and 2 points if the decision was 2-1 (this was the modification from prior years, where all losses were 3 points). The winner received 1 point if the win was by decision and 0 points if the win was by fall. At the end of each round, any wrestler with at least 5 points was eliminated.
|2 August 1936||Round 1|
|4 August 1936||Round 2|
Of the winners, three won by fall and advanced with 0 points (a fourth man had a bye and also finished the round with 0 points) while four won by decision and moved to the second round with 1 point. The losers featured two by split decision (2 points), two by unanimous decision (3 points), and three by fall (3 points).
|János Riheczky||Hungary||Decision, 3–0||Karam Rasul||India|
|Richard Voliva||United States||Fall||Jan van der Merwe||South Africa|
|Ercole Gallegati||Italy||Decision, 2–1||Ludvig Lindblom||Sweden|
|Ahmet Kireççi||Turkey||Decision, 3–0||Hans Schedler||Germany|
|Kyösti Luukko||Finland||Fall||Frans Van Hoorebeke||Belgium|
|Émile Poilvé||France||Fall||Terry Evans||Canada|
|Jaroslav Sysel||Czechoslovakia||Decision, 2–1||Leslie Jeffers||Great Britain|
|1||Richard Voliva||United States||0||0||0|
|9||Leslie Jeffers||Great Britain||0||2||2|
|11||Frans Van Hoorebeke||Belgium||0||3||3|
|11||Jan van der Merwe||South Africa||0||3||3|
One of the quirks of the 1936 points system is that two losses did not necessarily eliminate a wrestler even though wrestlers could be eliminated with one or even no losses). This came into practice in the case of Lindblom here, who lost both the first two rounds by split decision, accumulating 2 points per loss for a total of 4—less than the 5 required for elimination. The other five men who finished the round at 0–2 had at least one loss by fall or unanimous decision, however, and were eliminated. Krebs was the only man to finish the round with 0 points, after a bye and a win by fall. The five men who were 2–0 had either 1 or 2 points. Three men were 1–1 and had either 3 or 4 points.
|Ernst Krebs||Switzerland||Fall||János Riheczky||Hungary|
|Richard Voliva||United States||Decision, 3–0||Karam Rasul||India|
|Ahmet Kireççi||Turkey||Decision, 2–1||Ludvig Lindblom||Sweden|
|Ercole Gallegati||Italy||Decision, 3–0||Hans Schedler||Germany|
|Émile Poilvé||France||Decision, 3–0||Kyösti Luukko||Finland|
|Jaroslav Sysel||Czechoslovakia||Fall||Frans Van Hoorebeke||Belgium|
|Leslie Jeffers||Great Britain||Decision, 2–1||Terry Evans||Canada|
|N/A||N/A||Withdrew||Jan van der Merwe||South Africa|
|2||Richard Voliva||United States||0||1||1|
|7||Leslie Jeffers||Great Britain||2||1||3|
|12||Frans Van Hoorebeke||Belgium||3||3||6|
|12||Jan van der Merwe||South Africa||3||3||6|
Poilvé led after the round, at 3–0 and 1 point. Voliva was also 3–0, but had 2 points—the same as Krebs, who was 1–1. Kireççi was also 3–0 but had 3 points as all three wins came by decision and thus trailed Krebs. Luukko and Sysel were each 2–1. with 4 points. Gallegati (also at 2–1) was eliminated with 5 points. Further highlighting the odd results of the scoring system, the bout between Riheczky and Lindblom resulted in both being eliminated: Riheczky despite winning to improve to 2–1, while it took a third loss to finish Lindblom. Indeed, of the four men eliminated in this round, only Jeffers finished with 2 losses.
|Richard Voliva||United States||Decision, 2–1||Ernst Krebs||Switzerland|
|János Riheczky||Hungary||Decision, 3–0||Ludvig Lindblom||Sweden|
|Ahmet Kireççi||Turkey||Decision, 3–0||Ercole Gallegati||Italy|
|Kyösti Luukko||Finland||Decision, 3–0||Jaroslav Sysel||Czechoslovakia|
|Émile Poilvé||France||Fall||Leslie Jeffers||Great Britain|
|2||Richard Voliva||United States||1||1||2|
|9||Leslie Jeffers||Great Britain||3||3||6|
Krebs became the second wrestler in this event to withstand a second loss without being eliminated, moving to a 1–2 record but only 4 points because the win came by fall and both losses were by split decision. His opponent, Kireççi, also finished the round at 4 points with the win by decision adding 1 to his starting 3. Luukko was injured and could not finish the bout, leaving Voliva at 2 points. Poilvé won by fall to stay at 1 point, eliminating Sysel. The official rankings place Sysel 5th and Luukko 6th.
|Ahmet Kireççi||Turkey||Decision, 2–1||Ernst Krebs||Switzerland|
|Richard Voliva||United States||Withdrew||Kyösti Luukko||Finland|
|Émile Poilvé||France||Fall||Jaroslav Sysel||Czechoslovakia|
|2||Richard Voliva||United States||2||0||2|
Krebs managed to finish in fourth place despite winning only one bout, finally being eliminated by Poilvé. The latter man retained the lead at 1 point in his fifth win. Kireççi was also eliminated in this round, earning the bronze medal. Voliva, like Poilvé, had five wins but more had come by decision, putting Voliva at 3 points.
|Émile Poilvé||France||Fall||Ernst Krebs||Switzerland|
|Richard Voliva||United States||Decision, 2–1||Ahmet Kireççi||Turkey|
|2||Richard Voliva||United States||2||1||3|
Points remained important into the final round, as Poilvé's 2-point advantage made the final not a direct competition for gold and silver. Instead, Voliva would need to win by fall or unanimous decision to take the gold. Poilvé would prevail even if he lost by split decision, as that result would give Voliva 4 points (adding 1 to his starting 3) but Poilvé only 3 (adding 2 to his starting 1). The Frenchman, however, won the match by fall, finishing a sterling performance of six wins with only one requiring a decision by the judges.
|Émile Poilvé||France||Fall||Richard Voliva||United States|
|Richard Voliva||United States||3||3||6|
- ^ "Wrestling at the 1936 Berlin Summer Games: Men's Middleweight, Freestyle". Sports Reference. Archived from the original on 18 April 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
- ^ Official Olympic Report, la84.org. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
- ^ a b Official Report, p. 716.
- ^ a b c d e f Official Report, p. 733.