Wormhill is a village and civil parish in the High Peak district of Derbyshire, England, situated east by north of Buxton. The population of the civil parish including Peak Dale was 1,020 at the 2011 Census.[1]

Wormhill
Wormhill Church.jpg
St Margaret's Church, Wormhill
Wormhill is located in Derbyshire
Wormhill
Wormhill
Location within Derbyshire
Population1,020 (2011)
OS grid referenceSK121749
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBUXTON
Postcode districtSK17
PoliceDerbyshire
FireDerbyshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
EU ParliamentEast Midlands
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire
53°16′16″N 1°49′12″W / 53.271°N 1.820°W / 53.271; -1.820Coordinates: 53°16′16″N 1°49′12″W / 53.271°N 1.820°W / 53.271; -1.820

Wormhill was mentioned in the Domesday book as belonging to Henry de Ferrers[2] and containing 20 acres (81,000 m2) of meadow.[3] The name is said by the English Place-Name Society to be derived from the Old English 'Wyrma's hyll'.[4]

There was a tradition of wolf hunting in Wormhill in the fourteenth century.[5] It was said that a living was made by some and that an annual tribute of wolfheads was shown. It has been reported that the last wolf killed in England was at Wormhill Hall in the 15th century.[5]

From 1863 to 1967 the village was served by Millers Dale railway station, some 2 miles away, which was on the Midland Railway's extension of the Manchester, Buxton, Matlock and Midlands Junction Railway.[6]

It has memorials to James Brindley, pioneer builder of Britain's canals, who was born in 1716 in the hamlet of Tunstead within Wormhill parish. The well in Wormhill is dedicated to Brindley.[7] As part of the annual well dressing festival the Brindley well is decorated each year and there is also a smaller well dressing in the churchyard of St Margaret's Church in the village.[8] The lower part of a cross shaft and its stepped base stand in the churchyard. A sundial dated 1670 tops the broken shaft.[9] Only the base of the church tower is medieval; the rest of the church was "almost rebuilt" in 1864, and a transept added in 1904–10.[10]

Near the church and Brindley's well can be found the old village stocks. At the north end of the village lies the hamlet of Hargate (now part of Wormhill), where the industrialist Robert Whitehead and notorious mill owner Ellis Needham once lived.[11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  2. ^ Henry was given a large number manors in Derbyshire including Aston-on-Trent, Breaston, Duffield and Swarkestone.
  3. ^ Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7 p.749
  4. ^ English Place-Name Society database at Nottingham University
  5. ^ a b Werewolves, Nigel Suckling, 2006, ISBN 1-904332-46-3
  6. ^ Railways of the Peak District, Blakemore & Mosley, 2003 ISBN 1 902827 09 0
  7. ^ Cressbrook pages - Wormhill
  8. ^ Wormhill Well Dressing
  9. ^ Neville T. Sharpe, Crosses of the Peak District (Landmark Collectors Library, 2002)
  10. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (1978). The Buildings of England: Derbyshire. revised Elizabeth Williamson. Penguin Books. p. 361. ISBN 0-14-071008-6.
  11. ^ Hargate Hall - History

External linksEdit

  Media related to Wormhill at Wikimedia Commons