World Mission Society Church of God

The World Mission Society Church of God is a new religious movement that originated in South Korea in 1964.[1][2] After founder Ahn Sahng-hong died in 1985, the Church expanded its activities to other parts of the world and began to use the name World Mission Society Church of God. Its headquarters are located in Bundang, Seongnam City, Gyeonggi Province.[1]

World Mission Society Church of God, MBE
AbbreviationWMSCOG
EstablishedApril 28, 1964; 56 years ago (1964-04-28)
FounderAhn Sahng-hong
TypeReligion
HeadquartersBundang, South Korea
Location
  • International
General Pastor
Joo-Cheol Kim
"God the Mother"
Jang Gil-ja
WebsiteWATV

The church believes in Christ Ahn Sahng-hong and God the Mother, Jang Gil-ja, as God and that it is restoring the truth of the early church.[3]

NameEdit

World Mission Society Church of God, or the Church of God, is the name used identically in affiliated churches distributed in Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania, North America and South America.

HistoryEdit

The church was founded in South Korea on April 28, 1964 by Ahn Sahng-hong, and its name is the Church of God Jesus Witnesses. After Ahn Sahng-hong died in February 1985, a group of people in Church of God Jesus Witnesses including the man Kim Joo-cheol[a] and the woman Zahng Gil-jah wanted to re-introduce the concept of a "spiritual mother", and on 22 March 1985 moved from Busan to Seoul.[5][6][7]On a meeting in Seoul on 2 June 1985, they discussed how to call Zahng Gil-jah,[8]and established a church called Witnesses of Ahn Sahng-hong Church of God. Two major new doctrines were codified[9][10]

  • Ahn Sahng-hong should be regarded as Jesus Christ who had already come, should be titled Christ Ahn Sahng-hong, and pursuant to a traditional trinitarian view of Christian hypostasis Ahn was consequently also The Holy Spirit, God the Father, and thus God.[11]
  • Zahng Gil-jah should be regarded as God the Mother, a female image of God, be titled Heavenly Mother, or simply Mother, and together with Ahn Sahng-hong be regarded as God.[12]

A change in religious practice, as reflected in the change of name from "Witnesses of Jesus" to "Witnesses of Ahn Sahng-hong", was, that prayers were no longer conducted in the name of Jesus Christ but in the name of Christ Ahn Sahng-hong.[5]

Around 1997, Witnesses of Ahn Sahng-hong Church of God had established a non-profit organization titled the Church of God World Mission Society for the purpose of registering and managing the organization's assets.[13][14]

DevelopmentEdit

History Outline
Year # of Churches
1964 1
1970 4
1980 13
1990 30
2000 300
2013 2,500
At present it records to have over 7,000 churches

The church was founded in South Korea on April 28, 1964 by Ahn Sahng-hong. Ahn Sahng-hong died in February 1985, and afterward the church, later renamed World Mission Society Church of God, was led by Kim Joo-cheol and Jang Gil-ja.

South KoreaEdit

In 1970, the church grew to four churches. In 1980, the church grew to 13 locations and increased to 30 in 1990. There was sharp increase of the growth in 2000 where it recorded 300 established churches and 400,000 registered members in South Korea. The church currently claims "more than 400 branches were established in Korea alone, within a half century after its establishment."[15]

AbroadEdit

The Church of God started to spread abroad in 1997 starting in Los Angeles, Lahore, and Essen. In 2007 it recorded over 100 churches abroad and in 2008 it recorded over one million registered members[16] By 2013 the church claims to have expanded to 2,500 churches in "about 175 countries." [17]

Current statusEdit

A media outlet owned by the Church of God reports to have more than 7,000 churches in 175 countries.[18]

An external account mentions that the number of church members is estimated to have only been around 100,000 in 2013, contrary to Kim Joo-cheol's claims.[19]

Beliefs and practicesEdit

The church believes in God the Father and God the Mother,[20] claiming to be restoring the truth and practices of the early Church.[3] The church also believes that co-founder Jang Gil-ja is God the Mother, as taught by the founder Ahn Sahng-hong.[21]

The World Mission Society Church of God believes that all of its teachings are based on the Bible, as explained in the numerous books written by Ahn Sahng-hong.

Second coming of ChristEdit

The Church believes that Ahn Sahng-hong is the Second Coming of Jesus, who came with a new name, the name of the Holy Spirit and it states that he fulfilled biblical prophecies that only Jesus could have fulfilled.[22]

Matthew 24:32-34:「From the fig tree learn its lesson: as soon as its branch becomes tender and puts forth its leaves, you know that summer is near. So also, when you see all these things, you know that he is near, at the very gates. Truly I tell you, this generation will not pass away until all these things have taken place.」[b]

In addition, the church believed that Elohim Gods created all things in heaven and earth, created men and women in accordance with Gods' image, proving the existence of God in male images and God in female images, and claimed that the bride and Jerusalem represented Mother God Jang Gil-ja.[24]

Feast daysEdit

The church celebrates the seven feasts described in Leviticus 23: Passover, Unleavened Bread, First Fruits, Feast of Weeks, Feast of Trumpets, Day of Atonement, and Feast of Tabernacles.[25] The church believes that they observe these feasts according to the New Covenant established by Jesus, by distinguishing from the feasts kept in the Old Testament.

SabbathEdit

It believes in the Saturday Sabbath according to Genesis 2:1-3 but celebrates it not from sunset to sunset but from sunrise to sunset.[citation needed] It considers the Sabbath to be a sign between God and God's people according to Ezekiel 20:12 and Exodus 31:13, and it must be kept as a service according to Luke 4:16.

Members are encouraged to keep the three services on the Sabbath day. Between services, members participate in various church-related activities such as Bible studies, watching church produced videos, or preaching in the local community.[26]

IdolatryEdit

 
The Church replaced the stained glass windows of this Washington D.C. church with clear glass.[27]

According to the church's interpretation of Exodus 20:4, items such as crosses and statues are considered a form of idolatry and are not erected on or in their churches.[28] The Church has likewise removed stained glass windows from existing churches, as images made of light are seen as being connected to sun worship.[27]

Human origin and redemptionEdit

The Church believes that all human beings were originally created as angels in Heaven. They sinned against God and were sent to the earth as a second chance to return to God. The only way for humans to return to heaven is by keeping the Passover with bread and wine (Jesus' flesh and blood) and following the teachings of the Bible, as taught by Ahn Sahng-hong. They include believing in God the Mother, who is the Bride to give them life in the last days.[29]

BaptismEdit

The World Mission Society Church of God holds that baptism is the first step towards salvation and must be done in the name of the Father (Jehovah), of the Son (Jesus), and the name of the Holy Spirit, Ahn Sahng-hong.

18 Then Jesus came to them and said, "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19 Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age." – Matthew 28:18–20

PrayerEdit

The Church believes that prayer must be done in the name of the Holy Spirit Ahn Sahng-hong in the last days and that women must wear veils, according to 1 Corinthians 11:1–16 while they pray.[26]

EvangelismEdit

Members travel from house to house and in shopping malls, hospitals and college campuses to share their beliefs in the bible.

Critics note that the group's recruiting efforts can be very aggressive, and target vulnerable people, especially those going through a major life transition or with a void in their lives. Some have alleged that the group targets those with greater access to money. College students and returning veterans have been particularly targeted.[30][31][32]

Some aggressive WMSCOG recruiters have created concern on college campuses, where young women seem to be their primary target, proselytized emphatically with the church's "Mother God" doctrine. Some of these recruiters have been banned from some college campuses in the U.S. for "trespassing" or proselytizing without permission.[33][34][35][36]

Comparisons to traditional ChristianityEdit

The World Mission Society Church of God holds many views differing from mainstream Christianity. The church says it observes holy days according to the dates of the sacred calendar in the Old Testament as the early church did in the time of Jesus.[37] They also believe that God the Father and God the Mother have come in the flesh in South Korea, according to Bible prophesies. These beliefs have attracted some criticism of the church. The church teaches that this is the same persecution that the early Christians received for believing in Jesus in the flesh at his first coming. [38]

Responding to an inquiry, the WMSCOG issued a statement that "the biggest difference between our Church and other churches" is that "we believe in God the Mother as well as God the Father. (…) According to the prophecies of the Bible, God the Mother is to appear in the last age of redemption."[30]

The deification of Ahn Sahng-hong and Zahng Gil-jah has been "harshly criticized,"[14] and has led to the church being officially condemned by The National Council of Churches in Korea as an interdenominationally combatted, blasphemous, heretical cult.[39][40] The Christian Council of Korea, which represents Protestant churches in South Korea, has denounced the WMSCOG as "heretical."[1][34]

AwardsEdit

UK ZION, a World Mission Society Church of God chapter, was awarded The Queen's Award for Voluntary Service in 2016.[41][42][43][44]

Criticism and controversyEdit

The World Mission Society Church of God is one of many controversial grassroots religious movements that have rapidly emerged in South Korea the latter half of the 20th century.[45] Other groups include Good News Mission (also known as Guwonpa) and Shincheonji Church of Jesus the Temple of the Tabernacle of the Testimony.[45] These groups have been criticized for their recruitment strategies where women, university students, and ethnic minorities are targeted.[45]

The group has been publicly criticized, by some former members and cult researchers, as acting like a cult, exercising unusual control over its members, separating them from family and friends, and exploiting them excessively, while violating laws and avoiding transparency and accountability.[30][31][32][46]

1988 failed doomsday prophecyEdit

Witnesses of Ahn Sahng-hong Church of God announced that "1988 is the end of the world" citing Matthew 24:32-34,as Ahn had done in his 1980 book The Mystery of God and the Spring of the Water of Life.[47][48][49]A few thousand members of Witnesses of Ahn Sahng-hong Church of God gathered on a mountain in Sojeong-myeon, Yeongi County, South Chungcheong Province awaiting the coming of Christ Ahn Sahng-hong, preparing for the rapture and the salvation of 144,000 souls. When Ahn failed to appear and nothing happened the church updated their apocalyptic forecast and scheduled it to the opening of the 1988 Olympics in Seoul later that year where the members gathered and preached the end of the world would come by the end of 1988 and that Ahn Sahng Hong would come again. WMSCOG later claimed it was a fulfillment of the preaching of Johna.[5][50]:342[6]:77[51]:494[7][52][13]

At least two former members in South Korea accused Jang Gil-ja and Joo-Cheol Kim who declared 1988, 1999 and 2012 as the end of the world in order to defraud members for more wealth.[53]

Change Ahn Sahng-hong's bookEdit

"The Mystery of God and the Spring of the Water of Life" (1980)Original Bookare 38 chapters in total. The WMSCOG removed three chapters from "The Mystery of God and the Spring of the Water of Life", whitch are Chapter 1: Restoration of Jerusalem and the Prophecy of 40 Years, Chapter 11: Let Us Reveal the Truth from the History Books About the Church, and Chapter 36: Elijah Will Be Sent[54][55]

The NCPCOG and the COGJW claimed that the WMSCOG had changed the first edition dates of "The Mystery of God and the Spring of the Water of Life"[55][56], "The Last Plague and the Mark of God" and "Guests who came from the Angels of World" to 1967 once upon a time.[57][58] The NCPCOG also refuted the claim by the WMSCOG that Ahn Sahng-hong had the book "THE Law of Moses and the Law of Christ",[59] and said that Ahn Sahng-hong has never published this book, but it seems to have been compiled with reference to Ahn Sahng-hong's book "The New Testament and the Old Testament".[60]

People magazine inquiryEdit

In December 2015, People magazine published an interview with former member Michele Colon, who had attended the WMSCOG church in Ridgewood, New Jersey for two years, and later sued the organization. Colon, who was generally contradicted by the church but generally corroborated in interviews with six other former WMSCOG members, described the WMSCOG as a "doomsday cult" that is "opportunistic." She said they try to recruit people who are going through a life transition period, or have a void in their lives "and they will fill it." She said WMSCOG manipulated members with "fear and guilt," and constant repetitions. She reported that the church "micromanaged" her life, and expected that all her time be spent there, controlling her music-listening and forbidding her from using the internet.[30][31]

Colon said church leaders do not tell members, until they seem fully committed, that their "God the Mother" is actually a living South Korean woman in her 70s, known by multiple names and various spiritual titles, who is apparently the widow of the deceased founder, Ahn Sahng-hong.[30][31]

At least one former member has sued them for urging her to have an abortion, and others have accused the church of discouraging pregnancy in anticipation that the world would end in 2012.[30][31]

LawsuitsEdit

 
Court document on a lawsuit filled by a former member

Michele Colon, a nurse from New Jersey, claimed, in a civil suit filed against WMSCOG in New Jersey, in 2013, that the group is a “profit-making” cult, and claimed it "uses a number of psychological control tactics … to prevent its members from exposing its criminal and tortious behavior."[30][61]

However, Colon's lawsuit was almost entirely rejected by the district and appellate state courts. Colon's claims, the court ruled, depended upon her claim that the WMSCOG is a "cult", not a "church" — a determination that the courts ruled they were not allowed to make, by law. The courts, largely citing the "religious freedom" element of the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, particularly the judicial church autonomy doctrine (forbidding courts to inquire into "the facts and circumstances which intrude into church doctrine, affairs, and management"), the appellate court ruled that:[62]

Each claim springs from Colón's contention that WMSCOG is a cult, not a church, and that she was essentially defrauded by this cult. The conflict arises from her disagreement about the manner in which the church implemented its doctrinal beliefs, managed its clergy and parishioners, and invested donations. Therefore Colón's complaint necessarily required the court to examine the interior workings and structure of the church, a constitutionally unacceptable process.

Paralyzing the telephone of Wonju municipal governmentEdit

The WMSCOG originally planned to purchase a LH office building in the city of Wonju in Gangwon Province, and planned to make it a religious place. After the local residents learned about it, they set up the "Church of God residents emergency response committee" to oppose the action of The WMSCOG. After that, the Wonju municipal government refused to apply for the use of religious facilities. [63] From May 30 to June 1, 2016, Wonju municipal government received more than 30000 calls from members of the WMSCOG, which led to interference in the work of the municipal government.[64] Wonju municipal government issued a press release on June 2 stating: "This will be a phone paralysis operation of a religious organization."[65] Finally, two administrative proceedings were initiated by the WMSCOG, but all the appeals were rejected. "The reason why the administrative court refused the WMSCOG's request is because of traffic congestion and residents' complaints," said Wonju municipal government official. Church of God residents emergency response committee said: "It is normal for the plaintiff to be rejected. We will never stop unless the true face of the WMSCOG is revealed."[66][67]

Rick Ross critiqueEdit

Rick Alan Ross, cult researcher and deprogrammer[32][46] describes the WMSCOG as "a very intense group... similar to the Unification Church [of] Sun Myung Moon — the "Moonies", comparing WMSCOG indoctrination methods to those of the Unification Church.[32]

Ross claims that the WMSCOG has driven members into "bankruptcies because of excessive donations", and claims that some have lost their jobs to "excessive demands" of the group and associated "sleep deprivation”. He says that members often are sent to group housing and shared apartments, becoming isolated and alienated from family and friends, even spouses and adult children. Ross notes the group, which recruits members on university campuses, at malls and other shopping sites, has no meaningful accountability for leadership — a "dictatorship in Korea" — nor for the millions in revenue it receives.[32]

VietnamEdit

In Vietnam, the Committee for Religious Affairs urged alertness about the group and cautioned that it should not be equated with other Protestant groups using similar names. Claiming the organization as cult-like, the government gratuitously cited the group as engaging in deceptive recruitment, with questionable and manipulative indoctrination, doomsday predictions, and urging the donation of cash and members' abandonment of their own families.[68]

In May 2018, Vietnamese authorities seized the Church's assets in Hà Nội, Sàigòn and in other provinces, and interrogated hundreds of its members. The Church leaders were accused of brainwashing its members and micromanaging their lives by urging students to abandon their studies and their workers to abandon their jobs in order to recruit more followers.[69]

Recruitment and human trafficking rumorsEdit

WMSCOG has been investigated for — and subsequently cleared of — human trafficking on multiple American university campuses. Police investigations into possible human sex trafficking connections ensued in January 2018 at the University of Mississippi,[70] in September 2019 at the University of South Carolina,[71] and in March 2020 at the University of Utah.[72] Similar reports also occurred at the University of Louisville, Vanderbilt University, the University of Georgia,[70] Oberlin College,[73] Texas State University,[74] and Arizona State University,[75] among others. All investigations were closed after failing to find a link between the church and illicit activity.

Many students, across multiple campuses, reported unknown persons asking if they knew about "God the Mother."[70][71][72] Recruiters have been known to approach female students and ask if they believe in a female god, which often will lead to invitations to study groups.[72] Recruiters will also approach students and ask if they would like to join a Bible study group.[72]

This style of recruitment has come under fire from former church members, who have said that the church tends to target those who appear "psychologically vulnerable" and specifically young white people who appear wealthy.[30]

New ZealandEdit

In August 2017, the Otago University Students' Association in Dunedin disaffiliated the Elohim World Academy following complaints from students about deceptive and coercive recruitment methods. The University of Otago's Proctor Dave Scott had considered trespassing members of the group but ruled it out since that would have violated the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990's provisions on religious freedom and freedom of expression.[76][77] In 2020, the University of Auckland student magazine Craccum reported that members of the Elohim Academy had targeted students at the University of Auckland and the University of Waikato in Hamilton.[78][79]

Affiliated institutionsEdit

  • Okcheon Go&Come Training Institute
  • Jounyisan Training Institute
  • Elohim Training Institute
  • The Church of God Theological Institute
  • The Church of God History Museum
  • The International WeLoveU Foundation[80]
  • Messiah Orchestra
  • Saet-byul Kindergarten
  • ASEZ, the World Mission Society Church of God University Student Volunteer Group[81]
  • ASEZ WAO, the World Mission Society Church of God Young Adult Worker Volunteer Group[82]

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Korean: 김주철; gim-ju-cheol[4]
  2. ^ Now that the disciples were able to see the fig tree's branches and leaves, and knew that summer was near, they should also be able to discern by signs that the coming of Jesus was near. However, because the fig tree is the national flower of Israel, and the fig tree is often used to represent the state of Israel in the Old Testament, the WMSCOG interprets this passage as "when you see the restoration of Israel", you should know that Christ will be baptized again.[23]

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ a b c James, Jonathan D., Edith Cowan University, editor, "The Southern Factor: Prospects and Challenges," from book A Moving Faith: Mega Churches go South, 2015, Sage Publications, Los Angeles and New Delhi, retrieved May 23, 2018
  2. ^ James, Jonathan D. "The Southern Factor: Prospects and Challenges" – via www.academia.edu.
  3. ^ a b "WATV". WATV. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
  4. ^ "Hong's Hangul Conversion Tools". Archived from the original on 2013-08-22. Retrieved 2013-08-18.
  5. ^ a b c Information Network on Christian Heresy. ///현대종교/// (in Korean). Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2013-08-28.
  6. ^ a b 이대복; 월간교회와이단 (1999). 이단연구: 안식일교정체, 안상홍(하나님교회)사교집단 [Heresy studies: Sabbath school retention, ansanghong (Church of God) cult] (in Korean). 기독교이단문제연구소. Archived from the original on 2014-06-17. Retrieved 2013-08-18.
  7. ^ a b 한국의 재림주들(2002 한국의 신흥종교 실태조사 연구집 1) [Researches on the New Religions of Korea 2002, Collection I (subtitled, Self-Claimed Reborn Jesus Christ of Korea)] (in Korean). Hyudae Jongyo. 27 April 2002. pp. 145–168. Archived from the original on 2017-09-15. Retrieved 2013-08-18.
  8. ^ "真理研究小冊子 1" (in Korean). www.ncpcog.co.kr. Retrieved 2020-03-19.
  9. ^ Amennews (5 June 2013). ‘하나님의교회’(세계복음선교협회)의 주요교리와 그 비판 [Criticism of the Major Doctrines of World Mission Society Church of God] (in Korean). Archived from the original on 2013-10-02. Retrieved 2013-08-18.
  10. ^ International Korean Christian Coalition against Heresy (18 May 2012). 과연 안상홍의 부인은 누구인가? [Who is the wife of ansanghong really?] (in Korean). Archived from the original on 2013-09-17. Retrieved 2013-08-18.
  11. ^ "Trinity". Retrieved 2013-08-18.
  12. ^ "God Elohim". Retrieved 2013-08-18.
  13. ^ a b 법원, "근거없는 추측비방은 비인격적인 범법행위". The Christian World Monitor (in Korean). 29 September 2003. Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 2013-08-18.
  14. ^ a b Church of God World Gospel Association v. Ji Won Tak (Northern Seoul Regional Court Civil Section Number 11 8 July 2005). Text
  15. ^ "World Mission Society Church".
  16. ^ "WATV – History". WATV.org. Archived from the original on 15 August 2013. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
  17. ^ "WATV – Worldwide Status". english.watv.org. Over 2,500 local Churches have been established in about 175 countries
  18. ^ "WATV Welcome – Worldwide Status". WATVWelcome.org. More than 7,000 churches in 175 countries deliver Mother’s heartwarming love to seven billion people.
  19. ^ Amennews (5 June 2013). ‘하나님의교회’(세계복음선교협회)의 주요교리와 그 비판 [Criticism of the Major Doctrines of World Mission Society Church of God] (in Korean). Archived from the original on 2013-10-02. Retrieved 2013-08-18.
  20. ^ "Joongang Monthly Magazine". Joongang Il Bo. Retrieved 4 April 2013.[permanent dead link]
  21. ^ "World Mission Society Church of God". english.watv.org.
  22. ^ "WATV – Second Coming Christ". WATV. World Mission Society Church of God. Retrieved 2013-03-18.
  23. ^ "什麼時候來?". 全副軍裝 - 要穿戴基督安商洪所賜的全副軍裝 (in Chinese). 2015-09-18. Retrieved 2020-08-30.
  24. ^ "埃洛希姆上帝". World Mission Society Church of God (in Chinese). 2019-07-03. Retrieved 2020-08-30.
  25. ^ "WATV – Feasts of God". World Mission Society Church of God. Retrieved 2013-03-18.
  26. ^ a b "WATV – Fundamentals". World Mission Society Church of God. Retrieved 2013-03-18.
  27. ^ a b Lydia DePillis (2012-05-23). "Broken Windows Theory". Washington City Newspaper. Retrieved 2018-04-23.
  28. ^ "WMSCOG Bible Q&A". World Mission Society Church of God. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
  29. ^ "WATV – About Soul". World Mission Society Church of God. Retrieved 2013-03-18.
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h Harris, Chris, "Former Members Allege New Jersey Church, South Korea-Based World Mission Society Church of God, is Actually a 'Cult'," December 10, 2015, People Magazine, retrieved May 22, 2018
  31. ^ a b c d e Ma, Myles, NJ Advance Media, "Ex-members accuse Ridgewood church of being cult, reports say," January 17, 2016, Bergen County Record / NJ.com, retrieved May 22, 2018
  32. ^ a b c d e "Cult expert: Pocono Dome church has cult markers". Pocono Record. March 29, 2017. Retrieved May 22, 2018.
  33. ^ "Church members barred from U of M campus for ‘aggressively’ discussing religion," January 31, 2018, WREG-TV, Memphis, Tennessee, retrieved May 22, 2018
  34. ^ a b "God the Mother” Followers Aim to Proselytize Students," February 23, 2018,  Oberlin Review, Oberlin College, retrieved May 22, 2018
  35. ^ "Wichita police: No abductions linked to missionaries in silver van," September 14, 2015, The Wichita Eagle,
  36. ^ "Religious recruiters spark concern,",  February 20, 2014, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York,retrieved May 23, 2018
  37. ^ "Feasts of God". World Mission Society Church of God. Retrieved 2019-10-03.
  38. ^ "World Mission Society Church of God". english.watv.org.
  39. ^ 기독교 이단 사이비 종교 명단과 종교차별 신고 (in Korean). The National Council of Churches in Korea. 13 December 2012. Archived from the original on 2014-02-23. Retrieved 2013-08-18.
  40. ^ Research Directorate, Immigration; Refugee Board, Canada (8 December 2004). "Korea: The Church of God, including the denomination of Christianity to which it adheres, its beliefs and practices; whether there is a congregation of the Church of God in Seoul known as the Church of God Mission Society located at 381-2 Suyu-dong No. 2, Gangbuk-gu (2002–2004)". Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada. Archived from the original on 2014-02-22. Retrieved 2013-08-18.
  41. ^ Cunningham, Cara,"Old Trafford's World Mission Society Church of God bestowed with prestigious Queen's voluntary award". Messenger Newspapers. July 8, 2016. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  42. ^ Skinner, Nigel (July 14, 2016). "Queen's award for church group". Glossop Chronicle. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  43. ^ "No. 61599". The London Gazette (Supplement). June 1, 2016. p. J4.
  44. ^ "Queen's Award for Voluntary Service recipients 2016"". GOV.UK. 2 June 2016. Retrieved March 5, 2019.
  45. ^ a b c Kim, David W. (March 3, 2020). "South Korea must tame Christian cults or worsen coronavirus spread". Nikkei Asian Review.
  46. ^ a b "NBC Investigates - World Mission Church of God member John Power," Dec 4, 2016, The Today Show, host Ronan Farrow, NBC News on YouTube.
  47. ^ Ahn, Sahng-hong (1980). The Mystery of God and the Spring of the Water of Life (in Korean). Korea: Witnesses of Jesus Church of God. Retrieved 2013-08-18.
  48. ^ Church of God, the association of An Sang Hong Witness [sic] (1988). "1988 is the end of the world (front)" (in Korean and English). Retrieved 2013-08-18.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link) CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  49. ^ Church of God, the association of An Sang Hong Witness [sic] (1988). "1988 is the end of the world (back)" (in Korean and English). Retrieved 2013-08-18.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link) CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  50. ^ 탁명환 (1992). 한국 의 신흥 종교: 기독교 편 [South Korea's emerging Christian side] (in Korean). 4. 국제 종교 문제 연구소. Archived from the original on 2014-06-17. Retrieved 2013-08-18.
  51. ^ 이대복 (2000). 이단종합연구 [Comprehensive heresy studies] (in Korean). 기독교이단문제연구소. Retrieved 2013-08-18.
  52. ^ 錦湖文化. 錦湖文化財團. 1992. Archived from the original on 2014-06-26. Retrieved 2013-08-11.
  53. ^ "하나님의교회 피해자들, "신도 재산 편취 7천억 수사해달라" 장길자 씨 고발". nocutnews.
  54. ^ "The WMSCOG Removed 3 Chapters From Ahn Sahng Hong's Book". Examining the World Mission Society Church of God. 2020-04-09. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  55. ^ a b "對安相洪真理小冊子的破壞(上帝的秘密和生命之源)". www.ncpcog.co.kr (in Korean). Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  56. ^ "中國安證會的謊言". www.ncpcog.co.kr (in Korean). Retrieved 2020-05-19.
  57. ^ "거짓으로 태산을 이룬 장길자 어머니 하나님 교회". blog.naver.com. Retrieved 2020-05-21.
  58. ^ "진리책자의 역사를 조작하는 장길자교회". blog.naver.com. Retrieved 2020-05-21.
  59. ^ "모세의 율법과 그리스도의 율법 - 하나님의교회 말씀과진리". bible.watv.org. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  60. ^ "對安相洪真理小冊子的破壞(摩西律法與基督律法)". www.ncpcog.co.kr (in Korean). Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  61. ^ "New Jersey Criminal Case Against World Mission Society Church of God - Non Disclosure Agreement - Piercing The Corporate Veil". Scribd.
  62. ^ "COLÓN v. WORLD MISSION SOCIETY CHURCH OF GOD: Docket No. A-5008-14T4.", Superior Court of New Jersey, Appellate Division, Argued September 28, 2016, Decided November 29, 2016, as transcribed and posted by Leagle.com, retrieved May 26, 2018
  63. ^ 기자, 2016-05-08 13:35 Cbs노컷뉴스 송주열 (2016-05-08). "원주시, 하나님의교회 종교시설 용도변경 불허.."주민들 여론 수렴" - 크리스천 노컷뉴스". cbs.kr. Retrieved 2020-05-21.
  64. ^ "건축 불허 불만? 하나님의교회 신도들 원주시청에 항의 전화 3만여 통". news.naver.com (in Korean). Retrieved 2020-05-21.
  65. ^ "[현장취재] 교리 다르다고 교회 건축 불허?". news.naver.com (in Korean). Retrieved 2020-05-21.
  66. ^ ""원주 하나님의교회 건축허가 반려 정당"". news.kmib.co.kr (in Korean). 2016-11-15. Retrieved 2020-05-21.
  67. ^ "강원행정심판위, 하나님의교회 건축허가 청구 기각".
  68. ^ "Government urges caution against controversial 'World Mission Society Church of God',", April 26, 2018, Vietnam News, retrieved May 22, 2018
  69. ^ AsiaNews.it. "Authorities seize cult assets and detain cult members". www.asianews.it. Retrieved 2020-04-05.
  70. ^ a b c Abernathy, Kathryn (2018-01-30). "Local religious group faces false accusations due to viral media posts". The Daily Mississippian. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  71. ^ a b Leonard, Joseph (September 15, 2019). "God the Mother Church Cleared of Human Trafficking Claims by USCPD". The Daily Gamecock.
  72. ^ a b c d Turner, Maddy La (2020-03-06). "University Police Find No Ties Between Mother of God Church and Sex Trafficking". The Daily Utah Chronicle. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  73. ^ Wang, Andrea (February 23, 2018). ""God the Mother" Followers Aim to Proselytize Students". The Oberlin Review.
  74. ^ Rogers, Chase (October 22, 2019). "Who is God the Mother?". The University Star.
  75. ^ Stellino, Molly; Perez, Joseph (2019-11-05). "The State Press". The State Press. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  76. ^ Higham, Joe (20 August 2020). "OUSA Disaffiliate Religious "Cult" After "Bringing OUSA Into Disrepute"". Critic Te Arohi. Archived from the original on 17 February 2018. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  77. ^ Brown, Timothy (10 March 2020). "OUSA disaffiliates religious group". Otago Daily Times. Archived from the original on 10 March 2020. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  78. ^ Ofren, Keeara. "Auckland Students Recount Experiences with Elohim Academy Cult". Craccum. Archived from the original on 24 August 2020. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  79. ^ Gill, Sinead (15 May 2020). "Critic Saved an Auckland Uni Student from a "Cult"". Critic. Archived from the original on 10 September 2020. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  80. ^ "The Intl. WeLoveU Foundation". The Intl. WeLoveU Foundation.
  81. ^ "ASEZ". ASEZ. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  82. ^ "ASEZ WAO". asezwao.org. Retrieved 2019-10-03.

External linksEdit