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Hinduism by country

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Hinduism has approximately 1.1 billion adherents worldwide (15% of world's population). Nepal (81.3%) and India (79.8%) are countries with Hindus being the majority of their respective populations. Along with Christianity (31.5%), Islam (23.2%), Hinduism is one of the three major religions of the world by percentage of population. Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world after Christianity and Islam. [1]

Presently, India and Nepal are the two Hindu majority countries. Most Hindus are found in Asian countries. The countries with more than 5,000 Hindu residents and citizens include (in decreasing order) – India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Indonesia (especially in Bali, which is 84% Hindu), Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, United States, Myanmar, United Kingdom, Canada, South Africa, Mauritius, and the Caribbean (West Indies).

There are significant numbers of Hindu enclaves around the world, with many in Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Hinduism is also practised by the non-Indic people like Balinese of Bali island (Indonesia), Tengger and Osing of Java (Indonesia) and Balamon Cham of Vietnam , Ghanian hindu in Ghana , Chinese Malaysians and Orang Asli of Malaysia.

BackgroundEdit

Hinduism is a heterogeneous religion and consists of many schools of thought. Hinduism has no traditional ecclesiastical order, no centralised religious authorities, no governing body, no prophet(s); Hindus can choose to be polytheistic, monotheistic, pantheistic, monistic, agnostic, humanist or atheistic.[2] Estimates of Hinduism by country reflects this diversity of thought and way of life.

Demographic estimatesEdit

Demographic estimates of Hindu population by country has been published by the Pew Research Center in 2012,[3][4] as well as US State Department's International Religious Freedom Report 2006.[5]

By total number, India has the most Hindus. With percentage, Nepal has the largest percentage of Hindu population in the world followed by India and Mauritius.[6] There are an estimated 60 to 70 million Hindus who lived outside India in 2010.[4] Only two countries in the world, in 2010, had a majority of its population as Hindus – Nepal and India.[3] Guyana, Fiji, Trinidad and Tobago, Suriname have very large and influential Hindu minorities.

By countryEdit

Sources used for the table below include the US State Department,[5] the CIA World Factbook[7] adherents.com,[8] Pew Research Center.[9][10] and as identified.

Hinduism by country
Region Country Percentage Total population Hindu total Census year
South Asia   Afghanistan 0.4%[11][12] 31,889,923 4,000 2017
Western Europe   Andorra 0.4%[13] 60,000 -NA-
Caribbean   Anguilla 0.43%[14] 13,452 58 -NA-
Caribbean   Antigua and Barbuda 0.4%[15] 81,799 379 -NA-
South America   Argentina 0.01%[16] 40,301,927 4,030 -NA-
Oceania   Australia 1.9%[17] 23,401,400 440,300 2016
Central Europe   Austria 0.1% [18] 8,900,000 11,000
Middle East   Bahrain <1%–9.8%[19][note 1] 708,573 7,000 – 144,286[note 1]
South Asia   Bangladesh 8.54%[22] 167,000,000 14,300,000 2011
Caribbean   Barbados 0.46%[23] 226,193 1055
Western Europe   Belgium 0.06%[24] 10,392,226 6,235
Central America   Belize 0.2%[25]-2.3%[26] 294,385 612-6,771
South Asia   Bhutan 22.6%[27]-25%[28][29] 742,737 185,700
Southern Africa   Botswana 0.3%[30] 1372675 3,353
South America   Brazil 0.0029%[31]-0.01% 192,755,799 5,675-9500
Southeast Asia   Brunei 0.035%[32] 374,577 131
West Africa   Burkina Faso 0.001%[citation needed] 14,326,203 150
Central Africa   Burundi 0.1%[33][34] 8,390,505 8,391
Southeast Asia   Cambodia 0.3%[35][36] 13,995,904 41,988
North America   Canada 1.45%[37][38] 33,390,141 497,965 2011
Central Europe   Czech Republic 0.023%[39] 10,436,560 2,404
South America   Colombia 0.02%[40] 44,379,598 8,876
East Africa   Comoros 0.1%(approx)[citation needed] 711,417 711
Central Africa   Congo (Kinshasa) 0.18%[41] 65,751,512 118,353
Balkans   Croatia 0.01% (approx)[42] 4,493,312 449
North America   Cuba 0.21%[43] 11,394,043 23,927
West Africa   Côte d'Ivoire 0.1%[44][45] 18,013,409 18,013
Western Europe   Denmark 0.1%[46][47] 5,468,120 5,468
East Africa   Djibouti 0.02%[48] 496,374 99
Caribbean   Dominica 0.2%[49] 72,386 145
East Africa   Eritrea 0.1% (approx)[50] 4,906,585 4,907
Eastern Europe   Estonia 0.027% [51] 1,094,564 295
Oceania   Fiji 27.7%[52] – 33%[53][54] 918,675 275,603 – 303,163
Western Europe   Finland 0.1%[55] 5,238,460 5,000
Western Europe   France 0.1%[56][57] 63,718,187 63,718
Eastern Europe   Georgia 0.01% (approx)[58] 4,646,003 465
Western Europe   Germany 0.12%[59] 81,800,000 100,000
West Africa   Ghana 0.05% (approx)[60] 22,931,299 11,466
Western Europe   Gibraltar 2.0% [61] 32,194 628
Caribbean   Grenada 0.7%[62] 89,971 630
Caribbean   Guadeloupe 0.5%[63] 460,000 2,300
South America and Caribbean   Guyana 24.83%[64] 769,095 190,966
Central Europe   Hungary 0.02% 9,956,108 1,767[65]
South Asia   India 79.8% [66][67][68] 1,320,000,000 1,053,000,000 (2011 Census)
Southeast Asia   Indonesia 1.69%[69][70][71] 259,000,000 4,400,000-10,000,000[72][note 2]
Middle East   Iran <0.1[10] 65,397,521 20,000[10]
Western Europe   Ireland 0.30%[76] 4,761,865 14,300 2016
Middle East   Israel 0.1% (approx)[77] 6,426,679 6,427
Western Europe   Italy 0.2% (approx)[78] 60,418,000 108,950
Caribbean   Jamaica 0.07%[79] 2,780,132 1,836
East Asia   Japan <0.1[10] 127,433,494 30,000[10]
East Africa   Kenya 0.1%[10] 37,000,000 60,000[10]
East Asia   Korea, South 0.015% (approx) 49,044,790 12,452
Middle East   Kuwait 12%[80] 2,505,559 300,667[note 3]
Eastern Europe   Latvia 0.012%[82] 1,481,823 179
Middle East   Lebanon 0.1% (approx)[83] 4,925,502 4,926
Eastern Europe   Lithuania 0.01% [84] 2,561,000 344
Southern Africa   Lesotho 0.1% (approx)[85][86] 2,125,262 2,125
West Africa   Liberia 0.1% (approx)[87] 3,195,931 3,196
North Africa   Libya 0.1%[88][89] 6,036,914 6,037
Western Europe   Luxembourg 0.07% (approx)[90] 480,222 336
Southern Africa   Madagascar 0.1%[91][92] 19,448,815 19,449
Southern Africa   Malawi 0.02%[93] – 0.2%[94] 13,603,181 2,721 – 2,726
Southeast Asia   Malaysia 6.3%[95][96] 30,949,962 1,949,850
Caribbean   Martinique 0.3%[97] 439202 1317
South Asia   Maldives 0.01%[98] 369,031 37
Southern Africa   Mauritius 48.5%[99][100] 1,250,882 600,423 – 625,441 2011
Eastern Europe   Moldova 0.01% (approx)[101] 3,200,000 433
Southern Africa   Mozambique 0.05%[102] – 0.2%[103] 20,905,585 10,453 – 41,811
Southeast Asia   Myanmar 0.5%[104] 50,279,900[104] 252,763[104]
South Asia   Nepal 81.3%[105][106] 28,901,790 23,500,000 2011
Western Europe   Netherlands 0.58%[107] – 1.20%[108] 16,570,613 96,110 – 200,000
Oceania   New Zealand 2.1%[109] 4,115,771 90,158
Western Europe   Norway 0.5% 4,627,926 23,140
Middle East   Oman 3%[110] – 5.7%[111] 3,204,897 96,147 – 182,679
South Asia   Pakistan 1.85%[112] 196,000,000 3,626,000 2011
Central America   Panama 0.3%[113][114] 3,242,173 9,726
Southeast Asia   Philippines <0.1% [10] 102,000,000[115] 10,000[10]
Western Europe   Portugal 0.07% 10,642,836 7,396
Eastern Europe   Poland 0.008%[116] 30,575,000 2421
Caribbean   Puerto Rico 0.09%[117] 3,944,259 3,550
Middle East   Qatar 13.8%[118] 2,471,919[119] 358,800
East Africa   Réunion 6.7%[120] 827,000 55,409
Eastern Europe   Russia 0.1%[121] 141,377,752 143,000
Oceania   Samoa 0.02% (approx) 187,429 38
Middle East   Saudi Arabia 0.6%[122] – 1.1%[123] 27,601,038 303,611[note 4]
East Africa   Seychelles 2.1%[10]-2.4%[125] 90,945 1,910
West Africa   Sierra Leone 0.04%[126] – 0.1%[127] 6,144,562 2,458 – 6,145
Southeast Asia   Singapore 5.0%[128][129] 5,600,000 280,000 2011
Central Europe   Slovakia 0.1% (approx)[citation needed] 5,447,502 5,448
Central Europe   Slovenia 0.025% (approx)[citation needed] 2,009,245 500
Southern Africa   South Africa 0.9%[130]-1.1%[10] 49,991,300 550,000
South Asia   Sri Lanka 12.6%[131] 21,200,000 2,671,000 2011
South America and Caribbean   Suriname 22.3%[132] – 27.4%[133] 470,784 120,623 – 128,995
Southern Africa   Swaziland 0.15%[134] – 0.2%[135] 1,133,066 1,700 – 2,266
Western Europe   Sweden 0.078% – 0.12%[136] 9,031,088 7,044 – 10,837
Western Europe   Switzerland 0.38%[137][138]-0.6%[139] 7,554,661 28,708-50,000[140][141]
East Africa   Tanzania 0.9%[142][143] 39,384,223 354,458
Caribbean   Trinidad and Tobago 22.5%[144][145][146] 1,056,608 237,737 2011
Southeast Asia   Thailand 0.1%[147] 65,068,149 65,000
Oceania   Tonga 0.1%[148] 103,043 100
Eastern Europe   Ukraine 0.1%[149] 42,386,400 42,386
East Africa   Uganda 0.2%[150] – 0.8%[151] 30,262,610 60,525 – 242,101
Middle East   United Arab Emirates 5%[152] 9,682,000 490,000[note 5]
Western Europe   United Kingdom 1.7%[154][155] 60,776,238 832,000 2011
North America   United States 0.7%[156] 322,000,000 2,300,000 2015
Caribbean   United States Virgin Islands 1.9%[157] 28,054 528
Central Asia   Uzbekistan 0.01% (approx)[citation needed] 27,780,059 2,778
Southeast Asia   Vietnam 0.059%[158] 85,262,356 50,305
Middle East   Yemen 0.7%[159] 22,230,531 155,614
Southern Africa   Zambia 0.14%[160][161] 11,477,447 16,068
Southern Africa   Zimbabwe 1.0%[162] 12,311,143 123,111
Total 16 7,500,000,000 1,100,000,000 - 1,120,000,000 -NA-

By regionEdit

These percentages were calculated by using the above numbers. The first percentage, 4th column, is the percentage of population that is Hindu in a region (Hindus in the region * 100/total population of the region). The last column shows the Hindu percentage compared to the total Hindu population of the world (Hindus in the region * 100/total Hindu population of the world).

(Note: Egypt, Sudan, and other Arab Maghreb countries are counted as part of North Africa, not Middle East).

Hinduism in Africa
Region Total Population Hindus % of Hindus % of Hindu total
Central Africa 193,121,055 0[citation needed] 0% 0%
East Africa 193,741,900 667,694 0.345% 0.071%
North Africa 202,151,323 5,765 0.003% 0.001%
Southern Africa 137,092,019 1,269,844 0.926% 0.135%
West Africa 268,997,245 70,402 0.026% 0.007%
Total 885,103,542 2,013,705 0.225% 0.213%
Hinduism in Asia
Region Total Population Hindus % of Hindus % of Hindu total
Central Asia 92,019,166 149,644 0.163% 0.016%
East Asia 1,527,960,261 130,631 0.009% 0.014%
West Asia 274,775,527 3,187,673 1.5% 0.084%
South Asia 1,437,326,682 1,068,728,901 70.05% 98.475%
Southeast Asia 571,337,070 6,386,614 1.118% 0.677%
Total 3,903,418,706 1,074,728,901 26.01% 99.266%
Hinduism in Europe
Region Total Population Hindus % of Hindus % of Hindu total
Balkans 65,407,609 449 0.001% 0.001%
Central Europe 74,510,241 163 0% 0%
Eastern Europe 212,821,296 717,101 0.337% 0.076%
Western Europe 375,832,557 1,313,640 0.348% 0.138%
Total 728,571,703 2,030,904 0.278% 0.214%
Hinduism in The Americas
Region Total Population Hindus % of Hindus % of Hindu total
Caribbean 24,898,266 279,515 1.123% 0.030%
Central America 41,135,205 5,833 0.014% 0.006%
North America 446,088,748 2,131,127 0.478% 0.191%
South America 371,075,531 389,869 0.105% 0.041%
Total 883,197,750 2,806,344 0.281% 0.263%
Hinduism in Oceania
Region Total Population Hindus % of Hindus % of Hindu total
Oceania 38,552,683 791,615 2.053% 0.071%
Total 38,552,683 791,615 2.053% 0.071%

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b The estimates vary depending on whether temporary workers are included or not. The official census of the Bahrain government states that 99% of its citizens are Muslims, and the remaining 1% includes Jews, Christians, Hindus, and Bahais.[20] According to a 2017 publication by Abdullahi An-Na'im, the Muslims in Bahrain constitute 99.3% of the total population.[21]
  2. ^ The lower number is based on Pew Research estimate and is primarily concentrated in the island of Bali, Indonesia and nearby provinces of Indonesia. The higher number is based on a 2010 estimate by the Ministry of Religious Affairs of the Government of Indonesia.[73] The largest Hindu organization in Indonesia Parisada Hindu Dharma Indonesia states that the Indonesian census greatly underestimates Hindu population, because predominantly Muslim nation of Indonesia does not recognize all forms of Hinduism, and only recognizes monotheistic Hinduism under its constitution.[74][75]
  3. ^ The estimates vary depending on whether temporary workers – with no residency nor right to openly practice their religion – are included or not. The official Kuwaiti government census data does not count Hindus as residents or citizens of Kuwait.[81]
  4. ^ The estimates vary depending on whether temporary workers – with no residency nor right to openly practice their religion – are included or not. The Saudi Arabian government mandates that all Saudi citizens must be Muslims, and it prohibits public practice of Hinduism and other non-Muslim religions.[124]
  5. ^ The estimates vary depending on whether temporary workers – with no residency nor right to openly practice their religion – are included or not. 80% of the UAE population is non-citizen temporary workers, and estimated 25% of these workers may be Hindu. Only Sunni Muslims can be naturalized new citizens in UAE. According to the US State Department, the federal constitution of the UAE designates Islam as the official religion, and Islam is also the official religion of all seven of the individual emirates in the federal union. The Government does not recognize all non-Muslim religions and only a limited number of Christian groups are granted legal recognition in UAE. Non-Muslim and non-Christian religions such as Hinduism are not recognized legally in any of the emirates.[153]

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Web-sourcesEdit

External linksEdit