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World championship

  (Redirected from World Championships)

A world championship is generally an international sports competition open to elite competitors from around the world, representing their nations, and winning such an event will be considered the highest or near highest achievement in the sport or contest.

Contents

OverviewEdit

The title is usually awarded through a combination of specific contests or, less commonly, ranking systems (e.g. the ICC Test Championship), or a combination of the two (e.g. World Triathlon Championships in Triathlon). This determines a 'world champion', who or which is commonly considered the best nation, team, individual (or other entity) in the world in a particular field, although the vagaries of sport ensure that the competitor recognised at the best in an event is not always the 'world champion' (see Underdog).[citation needed]

Certain sports do not have a world championship. Instead, they may organise a world cup competition, or they may organize both, for example cycling (UCI World Championships and UCI World Cups)). Often, the use of the term cup or championship in this sense is just a choice of words. Some sports have multiple champions because of multiple organizations, such as boxing, mixed martial arts and wrestling.

Certain sports do not have a world championship or a world cup as such, but may have one or several world champions. Professional boxing, for example, has several world champions at different weights, but each one of them is decided by a "title fight", not a tournament.[citation needed]

A certain number of sports hold world championships or world cups which are overshadowed, in terms of prestige, by the same events in the Olympic Games, the most prestigious multi-sports event.[citation needed]

Still other sports may or may not have a true world championship but may designate the winners of a domestic competition to be "world champions." This is especially true of the major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada; world cups and championships exist in all of the major sports, but the domestic U.S. and Canadian leagues are generally nicknamed as the world professional championships or the equivalent of a world club championship. (In American football, although an IFAF World Championship exists, the United States is so far above and beyond the other nations it faces that the winner of the U.S.-based Super Bowl, a competition limited to the 32 teams in the National Football League, is commonly nicknamed as the world champion by the players, the press and fans alike; the NFL itself explicitly marketed the contest as a world championship in its first iterations.)[1]

Finally, certain professional sports do not have a world championship or world cup, but rather hold a series of events recognised as the elite level in their field (e.g. tennis has a series of four Grand Slam events recognised as the pinnacle of the game, in addition to key team events, world tour finals and the Olympic Games, though each year ITF designates a World Champion based on performances throughout the year).

SportsEdit

Best sportsperson by sportEdit

  Still active

This table includes medals for both individual and team events. "Best" in this list is considered to be the sportsperson who is on top of their sport's medal table, rather than sportsperson with most overall medals. Currently active competitors are highlighted in pale green. Italics indicates more than one title achieved in a single year.

MaleEdit

Category Sport Sportsperson Born/Lifespan       Tot. Ref.
Bicycle racing   Cycling (road)   Fabian Cancellara[2] 1981 4 0 3 7
  Cycling (track)   Arnaud Tournant 1978 14 3 2 19
  BMX racing   Randy Stumpfhauser 1977 4 5 3 12
  Mountain bike racing (XC)   Nino Schurter 1986 7 4 0 11
  Mountain bike racing (DH)   Nicolas Vouilloz 1976 10 0 0 10
Combat sports   Boxing   Félix Savón 1967 6 1 0 7
Jiu-Jitsu   Roger Gracie 1981 10 5 0 15
  Judo   Teddy Riner 1989 10 1 1 12
  Karate   Luca Valdesi 1976 6 2 4 12
  Sambo   Fedor Emelianenko 1976 4 0 1 5
  Taekwondo   Steven López 1978 5 0 0 5
  Wrestling   Aleksandr Karelin[3] 1967 9 0 0 9
Target sports   Archery   Hans Deutgen 1917–1989 4 1 0 5
  Darts   Phil Taylor 1960 16 5 21
  Pétanque   Philippe Quintais 1967 12 0 4 16
  Shooting   Konrad Stäheli 1866–1931 41 17 10 67 [4]
Cue sports   Snooker   Joe Davis 1901–1978 15 0 15
  Billiards   Mike Russell 1969 11 8 19
Racquet sports   Badminton   Park Joo-bong 1964 5 0 2 7
  Table tennis   Viktor Barna 1911–1972 22 7 12 41
  Squash[5]   Jansher Khan 1969 8 1 0 9
  Tennis (team)   Roy Emerson 1936 8 1 0 9
Roller sports   Inline speed skating   Chad Hedrick 1977 50 14 4 68 [6]
  Roller artistic skating   Roberto Riva 1986 10 1 0 11 [7]
Water sports   Swimming   Michael Phelps 1985 26 6 1 33
  Diving   Qin Kai 1986 7 0 0 7
  Canoe sprint   Ivan Patzaichin 1974 9 4 9 22
  Rowing   Daniele Gilardoni 1976 11 1 1 13 [8]
  Sailing   Vasco Vascotto 1969 25 ? ? ? [9]
Winter sports   Alpine skiing   Kjetil André Aamodt 1971 5 4 3 12
  Biathlon   Ole Einar Bjørndalen 1974 20 14 11 45
  Bobsleigh   Eugenio Monti 1928–2003 9 1 0 10 [10]
  Skeleton   Gregor Stähli 1968 4 3 3 10
  Luge   Armin Zöggeler 1974 6 5 5 16
  Cross-country skiing   Bjørn Dæhlie 1967 10 5 4 19
  Ski jumping   Janne Ahonen 1977 5 3 2 10
  Nordic combined   Bjarte Engen Vik 1971 5 3 0 8 [11]
  Freestyle skiing   Edgar Grospiron 1969 3 0 0 3
  Snowboarding   Jasey Jay Anderson 1968 4 0 0 4
  Figure skating   Ulrich Salchow 1877–1949 11 3 0 14
  Speed skating   Sven Kramer[12] 1986 28 2 3 33
  Short track speed skating   Ahn Hyun-Soo[13] 1985 20 11 4 35
Olympic sports

(summer)

  Athletics   Usain Bolt 1986 11 2 1 14
  Artistic Gymnastics   Vitaly Scherbo 1972 12 7 4 23
  Fencing   Stanislav Pozdnyakov 1973 10 5 2 17
  Triathlon   Simon Lessing 1971 4 2 1 7
  Weightlifting   Vasily Alekseyev 1967 8 0 0 8
Paralympic sports   Athletics   Marcel Hug 1986 9 9 1 19
Team sports   Bandy   Sergey Lomanov Jr 1980 9 5 1 15
  Baseball
  Basketball   Krešimir Ćosić 1948–1995 2 2 0 4
  Beach volleyball   Emanuel Rego 1973 2 1 0 3
  Curling   Randy Ferbey 1959 4 1 0 5
  Field hockey   Akhtar Rasool 1954 3 1 0 4 [14]
  Football   Pelé 1940 3 0 0 3
  Football (club)   Víctor Valdés 1982 2 1 0 3
  Xavi 1980
  Handball   Thierry Omeyer 1976 5 0 2 7
  Ice Hockey
  Volleyball   Marco Bracci
  Andrea Gardini
  Andrea Giani
  Ferdinando De Giorgi
1966
1965
1970
1961
3 0 0 3
  Waterpolo   Salvador Gómez
  Jesús Rollán
1968
1968–2006
2 2 0 4

FemaleEdit

Category Sport Sportsperson Born/Lifespan       Tot. Ref.
Bicycle racing   Cycling (road)   Jeannie Longo 1958 9 3 2 14
  Cycling (track)
  BMX racing   Gabriela Diaz 1981 4 2 1 7
  Mountain bike racing (XC)   Gunn-Rita Dahle Flesjå 1980 4 2 0 6
  Mountain bike racing (DH)   Anne-Caroline Chausson 1977 9 0 0 9
Combat sports   Boxing   Mary Kom 1982 5 1 0 6
Jiu-Jitsu
  Judo   Ryoko Tani 1975 7 0 1 8
  Karate
  Sambo
  Taekwondo   Brigitte Yagüe 1981 3 2 1 5
  Wrestling   Saori Yoshida 1982 13 0 0 13
Target sports   Archery
  Darts
  Pétanque
  Shooting
Cue sports   Snooker
  Billiards
Racquet sports   Badminton   Carolina Marín 1993 3 0 0 3
  Table tennis   Mária Mednyánszky 1901 18 6 4 28
  Tennis[15]    Martina Navratilova 1956 19 6 0 25
  Tennis (team)   Chris Evert 1954 7 1 0 8
Roller sports   Inline speed skating
  Roller artistic skating
Water sports   Swimming   Katie Ledecky 1997 14 1 0 15
  Diving   Guo Jingjing 1981 11 1 0 12
  Canoe sprint
  Rowing
  Sailing
Winter sports   Alpine skiing   Christl Cranz 1914–2004 12 3 0 15
  Biathlon
  Bobsleigh
  Skeleton
  Luge
  Cross-country skiing
  Ski jumping
  Nordic combined
  Freestyle skiing
  Snowboarding
  Figure skating   Sonja Henie 1912–1969 10 1 0 11
  Speed skating   Ireen Wüst[12] 1986 18 17 3 38
  Short track speed skating
Orienteering   Orienteering   Simone Niggli-Luder 1978 23 2 6 31 [16]
Olympic sports

(summer)

  Athletics   Allyson Felix 1985 9 3 1 13
  Artistic Gymnastics
  Fencing   Valentina Vezzali 1974 16 6 4 26
  Triathlon   Emma Snowsill 1981 3 1 0 4
  Weightlifting
Paralympic sports   Athletics   Tatyana McFadden 1989 12 1 1 12
  Sailing   Alexandra Rickham 1981 5 3 1 9 [17]
Team sports   Bandy  
  Baseball
  Basketball   Sue Bird 1980 3 0 1 4
  Beach volleyball   Misty May-Treanor 1977 3 1 0 4
  Kerri Walsh Jennings 1978
  Curling   Elisabet Gustafson 1964 4 0 2 6
  Field hockey
  Football   Christie Rampone 1975 2 1 2 5
  Football (club)
  Handball
  Ice Hockey
  Volleyball
  Waterpolo

OpenEdit

Category Sport Sportsperson Born/Lifespan       Tot. Ref.
Motor sports   Formula One   Michael Schumacher 1969 7 2 3 12
  Rallying   Sébastien Loeb 1974 9 1 0 10
  Grand Prix Motorcycle racing   Giacomo Agostini 1942 15 5 1 21
  Speedway   Hans Nielsen 1959 22 11 8 41
  Motocross   Stefan Everts 1972 10 4 1 13 [18]
Sportscar   Derek Bell 1941 2 1 1 4
  Jacky Ickx 1945 2 1 1 4
  Jean-Louis Schlesser 1948 2 1 0 3
Endurance   Timo Bernhard 1981 2 0 0 2
  Brendon Hartley 1989 2 0 0 2
Touring car racing   Yvan Muller 1969 4 5 1 10
Sidecar racing   Steve Webster 1960 10 4 3 17
  (Production) Superbike racing   Carl Fogarty 1965 4 2 0 6
  Motorboat racing   Guido Cappellini 1959 10 2 2 14 [19]
  Motorboat racing (offshore)   Steve Curtis 1964 8 5 4 17
Air racing   Paul Bonhomme 1964 3 2 1 6
Radio-controlled aerobatics   Christophe Paysant-Le Roux 1969 8 2 1 11 [20][21]
Radio controlled racing   Masami Hirosaka 1970 14 5 6 25 [22]
Trials riding   Antoni Bou 1986 16 0 0 16
Olympic sports   Equestrian   Reiner Klimke[23] 1936–1999 6 0 0 6 [24]
  Sailing   Vasco Vascotto 1969 25 ? ? ? [9]

MixedEdit

Category Sport Sportsperson Born/Lifespan       Tot. Ref.
Winter sports   Figure skating   Irina Rodnina 1949 10 0 0 10
Olympic sports   Tennis   Serena Williams 1981 2 1 0 3
  Tommy Robredo 1982 2 1 0 3
  James Blake 1979 2 0 0 2
  Dominik Hrbatý 1978 2 0 0 2
  Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 1971 2 0 0 2
Paralympic sports   Sailing   Alexandra Rickham &
  Niki Birrell
1981
1986
5 3 1 9 [17][25]

Mind sportsEdit

EatingEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Evans, Simon (February 3, 2011). "Super Bowl contenders happy with world champions title". Reuters. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
  2. ^ Time trial event.
  3. ^ Greco-Roman event.
  4. ^ "Multi-Medalists Top 15" (PDF). issf-sports.org. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  5. ^ The World Squash Championships, individual squash.
  6. ^ "In-line skating". archive.org. Archived from the original on 2010-11-28. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  7. ^ "Figure Skating Senior World Championships – Roll of Honour" (PDF). rollersports.org. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
  8. ^ "Daniele Gilardoni". www.worldrowing.com. International Rowing Federation. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  9. ^ a b http://www.52superseries.com/my-blue-heaven-azzurra-win-the-2015-tp52-world-title/
  10. ^ Bobsleigh world championships multiple medallist
  11. ^ Nordic combined world championships multiple medallist
  12. ^ a b Includes World Allround, World Sprint, and World Single Distance Championships.
  13. ^ Also represented Russia as Viktor An
  14. ^ "WORLD CUP DISTINCTIONS". phf.com.pk. Archived from the original on January 1, 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
  15. ^ The master, which qualifies the tennis world ranking, is considered the World Championship of individual tennis.
  16. ^ "Meine sportlichen Erfolge Weltmeisterschaften" [My sporting achievements World Championships]. www.simoneniggli.ch (in German). Archived from the original on 2018-06-11. Retrieved 2018-06-11.
  17. ^ a b "Alexandra Rickham – Results". sailing.org. Retrieved 24 July 2016.
  18. ^ ca:Stefan Everts
  19. ^ "DAC Racing". class-1.com. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
  20. ^ http://www.gbrcaa.org/Competition%20History/World%20and%20European.htm
  21. ^ http://www.ofremmi.info/f3a/History/WC/history_of_f3a_world_championshi.htm
  22. ^ "Hirosaka, Masami | IFMAR". Rcranking.net. Retrieved 2014-08-20.
  23. ^ Dressage event.
  24. ^ "Reiner Klimke – Results". the-sports.org. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
  25. ^ "Niki Birrell – Results". sailing.org. Retrieved 24 July 2016.

External linksEdit