World Amateur Chess Championship

The World Amateur Chess Championship is a tournament organised by FIDE. The world governing body intended to promote amateur chess play by holding championship tournaments linked to the Olympic Games, but only two events were held.

HistoryEdit

The first championship was held the year that FIDE was founded, at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris. This is considered the unofficial first Chess Olympiad, and is the only Olympiad that was an individual event. The second championship was held at the 1928 Summer Olympics in The Hague, in conjunction with the 2nd Chess Olympiad.

Chess has never been an official part of the Olympic Games, and since the chess community does not make any essential distinction between amateur and professional[1] the championship was discontinued after 1928. However, in 1995 FIDE has revamped it to celebrate the centenary of the Hastings International Chess Congress[2] and since then has been held annually. The first renewed edition, held concurrently with the 1995/96 Hastings Congress from 28 December 1995 to 5 January 1996, was restricted to not FIDE-rated players.[3] Subsequently, amateur was defined as a player with a FIDE rating below 2000 and not having attained a rating of more than 2000 in the past 2 years. Since 2016, the championship has been split in three rating categories: U-2300, U-2000 and U-1700.

According to the current FIDE regulations, the winner is awarded with the title of FIDE Master (FM), while the runner-up and the bronze medallist receive the Candidate Master (CM) title. Analogously the women's champion receives the title of Woman FIDE Master (WFM), silver and bronze medallists in the women's category are granted the title Woman Candidate Master (WCM).[4]

Since 2012, there is another World Amateur Chess Championship, organised by the Amateur Chess Organisation (ACO),[5] which is not recognised by FIDE.[6]

WinnersEdit

Year Dates Host Winner(s) Women's champion(s)
1924 4 May – 27 Jul   Paris   Hermanis Matisons
1928 17 May – 12 Aug   Amsterdam   Max Euwe
1996 28 Dec – 5 Jan   Hastings[7]   Brian Johnson[8]
1997[9] 28 Dec – 5 Jan   Hastings   Olev Schults   Catherine Dewitte
1998[10] 29 Dec – 11 Jan   Hastings   Viraf Avari   Rosalind Kieran
1999[11] 29 Dec – 10 Jan   Hastings   Gaguik Oganessian   Jessie Gilbert
2000[12] 29 Dec – 6 Jan   Hastings   Sven Mühlenhaus   Elaine Rutherford[2]
2001[13] 27 Dec – 8 Jan   Pamplona   Bismarck Nicolás Chaverra Rojas   Maria Goni
2001[14] 6–13 Dec   Bento Gonçalves   Flávio Olivência   Amanda Benggawan
2002[15] 13–19 Dec   Bento Gonçalves   Juliano Resende Pereira   Thalita Cincinato
2003[16] 2–13 Jul   Tshwane   Shabier Bhawoodien   Daleen Wiid
2004[17] 30 Jun – 10 Jul   Cape Town   Farai Mandizha   Jenine Ellappen
2005[18] Cancelled
2006[19] 23 Nov – 3 Dec   Tripoli   Rachid Hifad   Nirmala Chandrasiri
2007[20] 11–18 Aug   Predeal   Alexandru Gabriel Duca   Eugenia-Daniela Ghita
2008[21] 28 Apr – 6 May   Chalkidiki   Panagiotis Galopoulos   Mitali Patil
2009[22][23] 27 Apr – 3 May   Thessaloniki   Stefan Parlog   Efstathia Andrikopoulou
2010[24][25] 19–25 Mar   Skokie   Andrew Hubbard   Yun Fan
2011[26][27] 1–10 Oct   Antalya   Bilgunn Sumiya   Bayar Anu
2012[28][29] 16–22 Apr   Chalkidiki   Haralambos Tsakiris   Laura Perez
2013[30][31] 21–30 Apr   Iași   Lehel Vrencian   Bayarsaikhan Yanjinlkham
2014[32] 26 Apr – 3 May   Singapore   Gijir Munkhbayar   Chitlange Sakshi
2015[33] 14–21 Apr   Chalkidiki   Mire Deniz Doğan   Paula-Alexandra Gitu
2016[34] 18–28 Apr   Chalkidiki   Zhuban Bigabylov (U2300)
  Khulan Enkhsaikhan (U2000)
  Jatin S.N. (U1700)
  Georgia Grapsa (U2300)
  Khulan Enkhsaikhan (U2000)
  Diana Zakharova (U1700)
2017[35] 1–9 Apr   Spoleto   Win Tun (U2300)
  Maciej Koziej (U2000)
  Hope Mkhumba (U1700)
  Bayarjargal Bayarmaa (U2300)
  Zainab Saumy (U2000)
  Vilena Popova (U1700)
2018[36] 22–29 Apr   Cagliari   Arvinder Preet Singh (U2300)
  Kanan Hajiyev (U2000)
  Batuhan Sutbas (U1700)
  Bayarjargal Bayarmaa (U2300)
  Elisaveta Chetina (U2000)
  Vilena Popova (U1700)
2019 29 Jun – 7 Jul   Colima   Omya Vidyarthi (U1700)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ A chess amateur is a player who does not earn a living through chess. Chess amateurs are not restricted in any way: they can win prizes, accept appearance fees, and earn any chess title, including World Champion. In 1935 Max Euwe became the last amateur to win the World Championship. (Hooper & Whyld 1992, p. 13)
  2. ^ a b Henderson, John (January 2000). "Elaine Rutherford wins World Title". Chess Scotland. Archived from the original on 2017-01-14. Retrieved 20 April 2016.
  3. ^ Hastings Centenary Congress (PDF). The Hastings International Chess Congress. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
  4. ^ Table for Direct Titles effective from 1 July 2017. FIDE.
  5. ^ Amateur Chess Organization
  6. ^ WORLD AMATEUR CHAMPIONSHIP. FIDE. 2013-11-05
  7. ^ "Dr Shabier Bhawoodien is World Amateur Champion". FIDE. 2003-07-18.
  8. ^ FIDE Honours. English Chess Federation.
  9. ^ The Week in Chess 113
  10. ^ The Week in Chess 166
  11. ^ The Week in Chess 218
  12. ^ [75th Hastings International Chess Congress Bulletin]
  13. ^ Brasilbase
  14. ^ Brasilbase
  15. ^ Brasilbase
  16. ^ Brasilbase
  17. ^ World Amateur Championship 2004
  18. ^ World Amateur Championship 2005
  19. ^ "Brave schoolgirl is first female world champ". Daily Mirror. 2007-01-02.
  20. ^ World Amateur Chess Championship
  21. ^ World Amateur Chess Championship 2008
  22. ^ World Amateur Chess Championship 2009
  23. ^ World Amateur Championship 2009
  24. ^ World Amateur Chess Championships 2010
  25. ^ Winners of the 2010 World Amateur Chess Championship
  26. ^ 2011 World Amateur Chess Championship
  27. ^ 14-year-old wins World Amateur Chess Championship 2011
  28. ^ World Amateur Championship 2012
  29. ^ FIDE World Amateur Chess Championship 2012 crowns new champions
  30. ^ World Amateur Championships 2013
  31. ^ World Amateur Chess Championship 2013
  32. ^ World Amateur Chess Championship 2014
  33. ^ World Amateur Chess Championship 2015
  34. ^ World Amateur Chess Championships 2016 – Winners. Chessdom.
  35. ^ World Amateur Chess Championship 2017
  36. ^ FIDE World Amateur Chess Championship 2018