Women's FIH Hockey World Cup

  (Redirected from Women's Hockey World Cup)

The Women's Hockey World Cup is the field hockey World Cup competition for women, whose format for qualification and the final tournament is similar to the men's. It has been held since 1974. The tournament has been organized by the International Hockey Federation (FIH) since they merged with the International Federation of Women's Hockey Associations (IFWHA) in 1982. Since 1986, it has been held regularly once every four years, in the same year as the men's competition, which is mid-cycle between Summer Olympic games.

Women's Hockey World Cup
Most recent season or competition:
2018 Women's Hockey World Cup
SportField hockey
Founded1974; 46 years ago (1974)
Inaugural season1974
No. of teams16
ContinentInternational (FIH)
Most recent
champion(s)
 Netherlands (8th title)
(2018)
Most titles Netherlands (8 titles)
Official websitewww.fih.ch

Of the fourteen tournaments held so far, only four teams have won the event. Netherlands is by far the most successful team, having won the title eight times. Argentina, Germany and Australia are joint second best teams, having each won the title twice. So far, the Netherlands and Australia are the two champions able to defend their titles. At the end of the 2018 World Cup, fifteen nations had reached the semifinal of the tournament.

The size of the tournament has changed over time. The 1974 and 1978 World Cups featured 10 nations (smallest); the 1976 World Cup featured 11 nations; the 2002 World Cup featured 16 nations (largest), and the remaining seven World Cups have featured 12 nations. The World Cup was again expanded to 16 teams in 2018, and the FIH will evaluate the possibility of increasing it to 24 in 2022.[1]

The 2018 tournament was held in London, England from 21 July to 5 August,[2] with Netherlands winning a second consecutive title and a record eighth title after beating Ireland 6–0 in the final.

ResultsEdit

SummariesEdit

Year Host Final Third place match
Winner Score Runner-up Third place Score Fourth place
1974
Details
Mandelieu, France  
Netherlands
1–0
after extra time
 
Argentina
 
West Germany
2–0  
India
1976
Details
West Berlin, West Germany  
West Germany
2–0  
Argentina
 
Netherlands
1–0  
Belgium
1978
Details
Madrid, Spain  
Netherlands
1–0  
West Germany
 
Belgium
0–0
(3–2)
Penalty strokes
 
Argentina
1981
Details
Buenos Aires, Argentina  
West Germany
1–1
(3–1)
Penalty strokes
 
Netherlands
 
Soviet Union
5–1  
Australia
1983
Details
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia  
Netherlands
4–2  
Canada
 
Australia
3–1  
West Germany
1986
Details
Amstelveen, Netherlands  
Netherlands
3–0  
West Germany
 
Canada
3–2
after extra time
 
New Zealand
1990
Details
Sydney, Australia  
Netherlands
3–1  
Australia
 
South Korea
3–2  
England
1994
Details
Dublin, Ireland  
Australia
2–0  
Argentina
 
United States
2–1  
Germany
1998
Details
Utrecht, Netherlands  
Australia
3–2  
Netherlands
 
Germany
3–2  
Argentina
2002
Details
Perth, Australia  
Argentina
1–1
(4–3)
Penalty strokes
 
Netherlands
 
China
2–0  
Australia
2006
Details
Madrid, Spain  
Netherlands
3–1  
Australia
 
Argentina
5–0  
Spain
2010
Details
Rosario, Argentina  
Argentina
3–1  
Netherlands
 
England
2–0  
Germany
2014
Details
The Hague, Netherlands  
Netherlands
2–0  
Australia
 
Argentina
2–1  
United States
2018
Details
London, England  
Netherlands
6–0  
Ireland
 
Spain
3–1  
Australia
2022
Details
Terrassa, Spain & Amstelveen, Netherlands

Successful national teamsEdit

Team Titles Runners-up Third places Fourth places
  Netherlands 8 (1974, 1978, 1983, 1986*, 1990, 2006, 2014*, 2018) 4 (1981, 1998*, 2002, 2010) 1 (1976)
  Argentina 2 (2002, 2010*) 3 (1974, 1976, 1994) 3 (1978, 2006, 2014) 1 (1998)
  Australia 2 (1994, 1998) 3 (1990*, 2006, 2014) 1 (1983) 3 (1981, 2002*, 2018)
  Germany^ 2 (1976*, 1981) 2 (1978, 1986) 2 (1974, 1998) 3 (1983, 1994, 2010)
  Canada 1 (1983) 1 (1986)
  Ireland 1 (2018)
  Belgium 1 (1978) 1 (1976)
  United States 1 (1994) 1 (2014)
  England 1 (2010) 1 (1990)
  Spain 1 (2018) 1 (2006*)
  Soviet Union# 1 (1981)
  South Korea 1 (1990)
  China 1 (2002)
  India 1 (1974)
  New Zealand 1 (1986)
* = host nation
^ = includes results representing West Germany between 1974 and 1990
# = states that have since split into two or more independent nations

Performance by continental zonesEdit

Continent Best performance
Europe 10 titles, won by the Netherlands (8) and Germany (2)
America 2 titles, won by Argentina
Oceania 2 titles, won by Australia
Asia Third place (Korea, 1990 and China, 2002)
Africa Seventh place (South Africa, 1998)

Team appearancesEdit

Team  
1974
 
1976
 
1978
 
1981
 
1983
 
1986
 
1990
 
1994
 
1998
 
2002
 
2006
 
2010
 
2014
 
2018
 
 
2022
Total
  Argentina 2nd 2nd 3rd 6th 9th 7th 9th 2nd 4th 1st 3rd 1st 3rd 6th 14
  Australia 4th 3rd 6th 2nd 1st 1st 4th 2nd 5th 2nd 4th 11
  Austria 8th 9th 12th 3
  Belgium 5th 4th 3rd 8th 12th 10th 6
  Canada 5th 5th 2nd 3rd 10th 10th 6
  Czechoslovakia# 9th Defunct 1
  China 6th 7th 11th 3rd 10th 8th 6th 16th 8
  England 5th 5th 4th 9th 9th 5th 7th 3rd 11th 7th 10
  France 7th 6th 9th 3
  Germany^ 3rd 1st 2nd 1st 4th 2nd 8th 4th 3rd 7th 8th 4th 8th 5th 14
  India 4th 7th 11th 12th 11th 9th 8th 7
  Ireland 12th 11th 15th 2nd 4
  Italy 10th 9th 2
  Japan 6th 7th 11th 10th 5th 11th 10th 13th 8
  Mexico 10th 7th 11th 3
  Netherlands 1st 3rd 1st 2nd 1st 1st 1st 6th 2nd 2nd 1st 2nd 1st 1st Q 15
  New Zealand 7th 4th 7th 6th 11th 7th 5th 11th 8
  Nigeria 11th 10th 2
  Russia Part of the Soviet Union 12th 16th 2
  Scotland 8th 10th 10th 12th 4
  South Africa 7th 13th 12th 10th 9th 15th 6
  South Korea 3rd 5th 5th 6th 9th 6th 7th 12th 8
  Soviet Union# 3rd 10th 8th Defunct 3
  Spain 6th 5th 8th 10th 11th 5th 8th 8th 4th 12th 3rd Q 12
   Switzerland 9th 8th 2
  Ukraine Part of the Soviet Union 14th 1
  United States 6th 9th 12th 3rd 8th 9th 6th 4th 14th 9
  Wales 12th 1
Total 10 11 10 12 12 12 12 12 12 16 12 12 12 16 16
^ = includes results representing West Germany between 1974 and 1990
# = states that have since split into two or more independent nations

Debut of teamsEdit

Year Debutants Total
1974   Argentina,   Austria,   Belgium,   France,   India,   Mexico,   Netherlands,   Spain,    Switzerland,   West Germany^ 10
1976   Italy,   Nigeria 2
1978   Canada,   Czechoslovakia*,   Japan 3
1981   Australia,   Soviet Union* 2
1983   England,   New Zealand,   Scotland,   United States,   Wales 5
1986   Ireland 1
1990   China,   South Korea 2
1994   Germany^,   Russia# 1 (+1)
1998   South Africa 1
2002   Ukraine# 1
2006 0
2010 0
2014 0
2018 0
Total 28 (+1^)
* = Defunct Team
# = Part of Soviet Union (1974–1990)
^ = Germany is official successor of West Germany

Argentina, Germany and the Netherlands are the only teams to have competed at each World Cup; 28 teams have competed in at least one World Cup.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "World Cup field to expand to 16 teams in 2018". FIH. 1 November 2012. Retrieved 3 November 2012.
  2. ^ "Vitality Hockey Women's World Cup London 2018". FIH. Retrieved 5 August 2018.