Wollensak portable reel-to-reel tape recorder

Wollensak was an American manufacturer of audio-visual products located in Rochester New York. At the height of their popularity in the 1950s and 1960s, many brands of movie cameras came with a Wollensak Velostigmat lens. Wollensak reel-to-reel tape recorders were prized for their robust construction and value.[citation needed] In the 1960s, Wollensak was the choice tape recorder for amateur home, school, and office uses. They were produced in both stereo and mono designs.

The firm was founded in 1899 by Andrew Wollensak to produce camera shutters. At its peak in the 1950s, it employed over a thousand people. The company had several owners, including Revere Camera Company and 3M Company. Wollensak ceased operation in 1972.

Camera equipmentEdit

Wollensak began making camera lenses in 1902. The company also produced camera shutters for large format cameras. They made shutters such as the Betax, Alphax, Optimo and, for the Graflex Corporation, Rapax.

The Betax shutters were patented in 1912 and remain popular for large format photographers today. Betax shutters are made in different sizes from size #0 to the huge size #5. These shutters are very reliable and relatively easy to repair.

Wollensak purchased the Fastax high speed rotating-prism camera developed by Bell Labs from Western Electric, and developed it to a capability of 10,000 frame/s,. Fastax cameras were used for recording projectiles and explosions, including nuclear explosions. The cameras, with the rotating prism removed, were often used for "streak" and "smear" photography. See high speed photography.

Wollensak only ever made one still camera, the "Stereo 10" 35 mm 3D Camera.

They also made some shutters and formed a partnership with The Revere Camera Company that led to them offering some cameras (mostly 8 mm) under their name in the 1950s and early 1960s.


3M also used the Wollensak brand name on audio tape recorders for many years; the Wollensak recorders were solidly built with all-metal construction. They were among the first manufacturers of cassette decks, as well as 8-track decks for home use.