Witzenhausen is a small town in the Werra-Meißner-Kreis in northeastern Hesse, Germany.
|Coordinates: 51°20′32″N 9°51′28″E / 51.34222°N 9.85778°ECoordinates: 51°20′32″N 9°51′28″E / 51.34222°N 9.85778°E|
|• Mayor (2017–23)||Daniel Herz (Ind.)|
|• Total||126.69 km2 (48.92 sq mi)|
|Elevation||141 m (463 ft)|
|• Density||120/km2 (310/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Vehicle registration||ESW, WIZ|
It was granted town rights in 1225, and until 1974, it was a district seat.
The University of Kassel maintains a satellite campus in Witzenhausen at which is offered the ecological agricultural sciences programme, which is unique in the country. This also puts Witzenhausen among Germany's smallest university towns. Furthermore, a teaching institute (DEULA) for environment and technology, agriculture, horticulture and landscaping. The town is also nationally known for the invention of the Biotonne – a biological refuse container – in 1983, and as an important cherry-growing area; it is said to be Europe's biggest self-contained cherry-growing area. Cherries are traditional in Witzenhausen, which has led to the yearly Kesperkirmes, or “Cherry Fair” (Kesper is a regional name for the cherry; the standard German word is Kirsche), at which a Cherry Queen (Kirschenkönigin) is chosen.
Witzenhausen lies on the northeast slope of the Kaufunger Wald, which is surrounded by the Meißner-Kaufunger Wald Nature Park. The town is found at the mouth of the Gelster, where it empties into the Werra some 30 km east of Kassel, 16 km east-southeast of Hann. Münden, 25 km south of Göttingen and 23 km northwest of Eschwege.
Witzenhausen borders in the north on the town of Hann. Münden, the communities of Rosdorf and Friedland (all three in Lower Saxony's Göttingen district), in the east on the communities of Neu-Eichenberg (in the Werra-Meißner-Kreis), Bornhagen and Lindewerra (both in Thuringia’s Eichsfeld district), in the south on the towns of Bad Sooden-Allendorf and Großalmerode and the unincorporated area of Gutsbezirk Kaufunger Wald (all three in the Werra-Meißner-Kreis) and in the west on the community of Staufenberg in Lower Saxony’s Göttingen district.
Witzenhausen’s 16 Stadtteile, besides the main town, also called Witzenhausen, are, on the Werra’s left bank:
- Blickershausen (293 inhabitants),
- Dohrenbach (657 inhabitants),
- Ellingerode (344 inhabitants),
- Ermschwerd (1189 inhabitants),
- Hubenrode (191 inhabitants),
- Hundelshausen (1365 inhabitants),
- Kleinalmerode (925 inhabitants),
- Roßbach (825 inhabitants),
- Wendershausen (831 inhabitants)
- Ziegenhagen (716 inhabitants),
On the river’s right bank:
- Albshausen (69 inhabitants),
- Berlepsch-Ellerode-Hübenthal (132 inhabitants),
- Gertenbach (947 inhabitants),
- Neuseesen (97 inhabitants),
- Unterrieden (914 inhabitants)
- Werleshausen (503 inhabitants).
In 1898, the Deutsche Kolonialschule für Landwirtschaft, Handel und Gewerbe (“German Colonial School for Agriculture, Trade and Industry”, also called the Tropenschule, or “Tropical School”) was founded to train people in agriculture for resettlement in Germany's colonies. The successor institution forms today a satellite campus of the University of Kassel, and includes a greenhouse complex dedicated to tropical crops (the Gewächshaus für tropische Nutzpflanzen).
- Historic town centre with various important timber-frame houses:
- Grau’sches Haus
- Rotes Haus
- Steinernes Haus
- Sommermann’sches Haus
- Meinhard-Wedekind’sches Haus
- Persch’sches Haus
- Liebfrauenkirche (church)
- Historic Town Hall
- Erlöserkirche (church)
- Diebesturm (“Thief’s Tower”), Eulenturm (“Owls’ Tower”) and parts of the old town wall
- Former Williamite monastery, part of the Colonial School and today part of the University of Kassel
- Gelsterhof Estate, the former Colonial School's farm
- Burg Ludwigstein (castle)
- Völkerkundliches Museum (ethnology)
- Greenhouse for domesticated tropical plants
- Town park with swan pond (former firefighting pond)
This section needs to be updated.(July 2021)
The municipal election held on 27 March 2011 yielded the following results:
|Parties and voter communities||%
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||28.5||11||34.3||13||32.7||12|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||40.4||15||42.1||16||44.6||17|
|GREENS||Bündnis 90/Die Grünen||20.2||7||11.9||4||10.7||4|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||2.4||1||3.7||1||5.7||2|
|THE LEFT||Die Linke||3.4||1||-||-||-||-|
|Voter turnout in %||54.0||53.2||57.2|
At first, the current council was ruled by a CDU-Green-FWG coalition, but this was dissolved in September 2007.
- 1945-1948: Eduard Platner (CDU)
- 1987-2005: Günter Engel (SPD)
- 2005-2018: Angela Fischer (CDU)
- 2018- : Daniel Herz (independent)
- Witzenhäuser Woche, partly in conjunction with German Queens’ Day (Deutscher Königinnentag), every 3 years (in 2007 more than 200 guest queens, princesses and kings).
- Kesperkirmes, the “cherry fair” in the Old Town with election of the Cherry Queen and German cherry pip spitting championship.
- Cherry Man (Triathlon)
- Erntedank- und Heimatfest (“Harvest and Homeland Festival “), 20–25 August 2008, this year with Jürgen Drews as the star guest on Sunday in the festival tent at Joseph Pott Platz
- In 2006 Witzenhausen was the starting point for the third stage of the Deutschland Tour
- Christmas market
Economy and infrastructureEdit
Witzenhausen suffers – like the whole Werra-Meißner-Kreis and a great part of North Hesse – from extremely high unemployment and its attendant loss of younger people to migration.
In Witzenhausen-Unterrieden, the last producer of chewing tobacco in Germany is still in business. An important employer in Witzenhausen is, with 430 employees all together, the corporation Svenska Cellulosa Aktiebolaget (SCA). In Witzenhausen the SCA produces raw paper for corrugated cardboard for manufacturing packagings (SCA Packaging Containerboard) and hygiene products such as toilet paper (SCA Hygiene Products). Another important employer is the district and town hospital in Witzenhausen.
Witzenhausen is domicile of Gesellschaft zur Erhaltung alter und gefährdeter Haustierrassen (GEH, the society for the conservation of old and endangered livestock breeds).
- Witzenhäuser Allgemeine (Hessische/Niedersächsische Allgemeine)
- Markt Spiegel
- Extra Tipp
- RundFunk Meißner
Over Bundesstraßen 27 (Göttingen–Eschwege), 80 (Hann. Münden–Heiligenstadt) and 451 (Helsa–Witzenhausen), the town is linked to the greater road network. In Hedemünden, some 10 km away, is an interchange on the Autobahn A 7 (Flensburg–Füssen). Near Friedland is an interchange on the A 38 towards Halle. Moreover, Witzenhausen is on the two tourist routes: the German Timber-Frame Road (Deutsche Fachwerkstraße) and the German Fairy Tale Route (Deutsche Märchenstraße).
Witzenhausen has a railway station, Witzenhausen Nord, on the Eichenberg–Kassel section of the Halle-Kassel Railway. It is located above the town on the north slope of the Werra valley and is served by trains to Kassel, Göttingen, Erfurt and Halle. The former Witzenhausen Süd station stood southeast of the inner town and has been closed, like the whole of the Gelster Valley Railway between Eichenberg and –Großalmerode.
The outlying centre of Gertenbach has a further stop on the Halle-Kassel railway
- Grundschule Gertenbach (primary school)
- Gelstertalschule Hundelshausen (primary school)
- Grundschule Witzenhausen (primary school)
- Steintorschule (school for help with learning)
- Johannisbergschule Witzenhausen (comprehensive school)
- Berufliche Schulen des Werra-Meißner-Kreises (vocational schools)
- University of Kassel
- Medienzentrum Witzenhausen (media centre)
- Bildstelle des Werra-Meißner-Kreises (training centre)
- Deutsches Institut für tropische und subtropische Landwirtschaft GmbH (DITSL, “German Institute for Tropical and Subtropical Agriculture”)
- IBZW Internationales Bildungszentrum Witzenhausen GmbH (training centre)
- DEULA Lehranstalt für angewandte Technik GmbH
- Folk high school
- GNE Witzenhausen
- Burkhardt von Berlepsch (1619-1691), lawyer and administrative officer
- Johann Jacob Schweppe, (1740-1821), German watchmaker and silversmith, inventor of the trademark Schweppes
- Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig, (1816-1895), German physiologist
- Hermann von Christen, (1841-1919), Member of the Reichstag
- Edward Schröder (1858-1942), a Germanist mediavist
- Theodor Neubauer (1890-1945), German sociologist, educator, parliamentarian and Resistance fighter against National Socialism
- Heinz Bonatz (born 1897), German naval officer
- Helga Seibert, (1939-1999), German constitutional judge
- Bodo Abel (born 1948), economist
- Stefan Markolf (born 1984), first deaf German professional footballer for, among others, 1. FSV Mainz 05, Wuppertaler SV Borussia
- Diether Haenicke, President of Western Michigan University
- Aidan "A-Danöwitz McMahonowitz" Murphy, Irishman and Krypto-Jew
Witzenhausen is twinned with:
- Saint-Vallier, France, since 1975
- Vignola, Italy, since 1995
- Filton, United Kingdom, since 1978
- Kayunga, Uganda, since 2001
Since 1979, Filton, St. Vallier and Witzenhausen have had a three-way partnership.
Between Witzenhausen and Filton, and between Witzenhausen and St. Vallier, there are regular student exchanges with the local comprehensive school. The partnership between Witzenhausen and St. Vallier came about by accident. St. Vallier's mayor's last name at the time was Witzenhausen, and when, on a visit to Germany, he spotted this name on a road sign, he drove to the town. Out of his visit sprang the partnership, which has lasted to this day.
Furthermore, there have been school exchanges between Witzenhausen and these two places since 2002:
- 100 Mile House, Canada (between the comprehensive school and the secondary school there)
- Turlock, USA (between the vocational Gymnasium and Turlock High School)
- ^ "Ergebnisse der letzten Direktwahl aller hessischen Landkreise und Gemeinden" (XLS) (in German). Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt. 5 September 2022.
- ^ "Die Bevölkerung der hessischen Gemeinden am 31. Dezember 2021" (PDF) (in German). Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt. June 2022.
- ^ Website of GEH, fetch 4th of Juli 2020
- Kirschenland, tourist information about Witzenhausen (in German)
- Town’s official webpage (in German)