Withnail and I

Withnail and I is a 1987 British black comedy film written and directed by Bruce Robinson. Loosely based on Robinson's life in London in the late 1960s, the plot follows two unemployed actors, Withnail and "I" (portrayed by Richard E. Grant and Paul McGann, respectively) who share a flat in Camden Town in 1969. Needing a holiday, they obtain the key to a country cottage in the Lake District belonging to Withnail's eccentric uncle Monty and drive there. The weekend holiday proves less recuperative than they expected.

Withnail and I
Withnail and i poster.jpg
Original UK release poster
Art by Ralph Steadman
Directed byBruce Robinson
Produced byPaul Heller
Written byBruce Robinson
Starring
Music by
CinematographyPeter Hannan
Edited byAlan Strachan
Distributed by
Release date
Running time
107 minutes[2]
CountryUnited Kingdom
LanguageEnglish
Budget£1.1 million
Box office
  • $1,544,889 (US)
  • £565,112 (UK)
  • A$103,117 (Australia)
  • $1,627,318 (worldwide)[3]

Withnail and I was Grant's first film and established his profile. The film featured performances by Richard Griffiths as Withnail's Uncle Monty and Ralph Brown as Danny the drug dealer. The film has tragic and comic elements and is notable for its period music and many quotable lines. It has been described by the BBC as "one of Britain's biggest cult films".[4]

PlotEdit

In September 1969, two unemployed actors, flamboyant alcoholic Withnail and contemplative Marwood, live in a messy flat in Camden Town, London.[nb 1] Their only regular visitor is the drug dealer, Danny. One morning, the pair squabble about housekeeping and then leave to take a walk. In Regent's Park, they discuss the poor state of their acting careers and the desire for a holiday; they propose a trip to a rural cottage near Penrith owned by Withnail's wealthy uncle Monty. They visit Monty that evening at his luxurious Chelsea house. Monty is a melodramatic aesthete, whom Marwood infers is homosexual; the three briefly drink together as Withnail casually lies to Monty about his acting career and claims that grammar school-educated Marwood studied at Eton. Withnail persuades his uncle to lend them the cottage key and they leave.

Withnail and Marwood drive to the cottage the next day but find the weather cold and wet, the cottage without food, running water or power and the locals unwelcoming – in particular a poacher, Jake, whom Withnail offends in the pub. Marwood is anxious when he later sees Jake prowling around the cottage and suggests they leave for London the next day. Withnail in turn demands that they share a bed in the interest of safety but Marwood refuses. During the night, Withnail becomes paranoid that the poacher wants to harm them and climbs under the covers with Marwood, who angrily leaves for a different bed. Hearing the sounds of an intruder breaking into the cottage, Withnail again joins Marwood in bed. The intruder turns out to be Monty, who has brought supplies.

The next day, Marwood realises Monty's visit has ulterior motives when he makes aggressive sexual advances on him; Withnail seems oblivious to this. Monty drives them into town to buy wellington boots but they nip to the pub instead. Monty is hurt, though he puts it out of his mind quickly during a boozy round of poker. Marwood is terrified of what Monty might try to do and wants to leave immediately but after much argument Withnail insists on staying. Late in the night, Marwood tries to avoid Monty's company but is eventually cornered in the guest bedroom as Monty insistently demands they have sex. Monty reveals that Withnail, during the visit in London, claimed that Marwood was a closet homosexual. Marwood lies that Withnail is the closeted one and that the two of them are in a committed relationship, which Withnail wishes to keep secret from his family and that this is the first night that they have not slept together in years. Monty, a romantic, believes this explanation and leaves after apologising for coming between them. In private, Marwood furiously confronts Withnail.

The next morning, they find Monty has left for London, leaving a note wishing them happiness together. They continue to argue about their behaviour and Monty. A telegram arrives from Marwood's agent with a possible offer of work and he insists they return. As Marwood sleeps, Withnail drunkenly speeds most of the way back until pulled over by the police, who arrest and fine him for driving under the influence. The pair return to the flat to find Danny and a friend named Presuming Ed squatting. Marwood calls his agent and discovers that he is wanted for the lead part in a play but will need to move to Manchester to take it. The four get high smoking a huge cannabis joint but the celebration ends when Marwood learns they have received an eviction notice for unpaid rent, while Withnail is too high to care. Marwood packs a bag and leaves for the railway station, turning down Withnail's request for a goodbye drink. In Regent's Park, Marwood confesses that he will miss Withnail but insists that they part ways there. Bottle of wine in hand, Withnail performs "What a piece of work is a man!" from Hamlet, seen only by the wolves in a nearby zoo enclosure, then walks home alone in the rain.

CastEdit

ProductionEdit

DevelopmentEdit

WritingEdit

The film is an adaptation of an unpublished novel written by Robinson in 1969–1970 (an early draft of which sold at auction for £8,125 in 2015).[5] Actor friend Don Hawkins passed a copy of the manuscript to his friend Mordecai (Mody) Schreiber in 1980.[citation needed] Schreiber paid Robinson £20,000 to adapt it into a screenplay,[citation needed] which Robinson did in the early 1980s.[citation needed] When meeting Schreiber in Los Angeles, Robinson expressed concern that he might not be able to continue because the writing broke basic screenplay rules and was hard to make work as a film.[citation needed] It used colloquial English to which few would connect ("Give me a tanner and I'll give him a bell."); characters in dismal circumstances and a plot prodded by not cinematic voice-overs. Schreiber told him that is precisely what he wanted.[citation needed] On completing the script, producer Paul Heller urged Robinson to direct it and found funding for half the film.[citation needed] The script was then passed to HandMade Films and George Harrison agreed to fund the remainder of the film.[6] Robinson's script is largely autobiographical. "Marwood" is Robinson; "Withnail" is based on Vivian MacKerrell, a friend with whom he shared a Camden house and "Uncle Monty" is loosely based on Franco Zeffirelli, from whom Robinson received unwanted amorous attentions when he was a young actor.[7] He lived in the impoverished conditions seen in the film and wore plastic bags as Wellington boots.[citation needed] For the script, Robinson condensed two or three years of his life into two or three weeks.[8] Robinson stated he named the character of Withnail after a childhood acquaintance named Jonathan Withnall, who was "the coolest guy I had ever met in my life".[9]

Early in the film, Withnail reads a newspaper headline "Boy Lands Plum Role for Top Italian Director" and suggests that the director is sexually abusing the boy. This is a reference to the sexual harassment that Robinson alleges he suffered at the hands of Zeffirelli when, at age 21, he won the role of Benvolio in Romeo and Juliet.[10] Robinson attributed Uncle Monty's question to Marwood ("Are you a sponge or a stone?") as a direct quote from Zeffereli.[11][12] The headline "NUDE AU PAIR'S SECRET LIFE" was an actual headline from News of the World on 16 November 1969.[citation needed]

The end of the novel saw Withnail committing suicide by pouring a bottle of wine into the barrel of Monty's shotgun and then pulling the trigger as he drank from it. Robinson changed the ending, as he believed it was "too dark".[11]:128

Name of "I"Edit

 
"Marwood"? A telegram arrives at Crow Crag

While the name of "I" is never spoken in the film, in the screenplay it is "Marwood". The name "Marwood" is used by Robinson in interviews and in writing as well as by Grant and McGann in the 1999 Channel 4 documentary short Withnail and Us.[11][13][14][15] The name "Marwood" was known to film critic Vincent Canby of the New York Times in a March 27, 1987 review coinciding with the film's New York premiere at the New Directors/New Films series at the Museum of Modern Art.[1] In the end credits and most media relating to the film, McGann's character is referred to solely as "...& I". In the supplemental material packaged with the Special Edition DVD in the UK, McGann's character is referred to as Peter Marwood in the cast credits.[citation needed]

It has been suggested that it is possible that 'Marwood' can be heard near the beginning of the film: As the characters escape from the Irishman in the Mother Black Cap, Withnail shouts "Get out of my way!". Some hear this line as "Out of the way, Marwood!", although the script reads simply "Get out of my way!".

Although the first name of "I" is not stated anywhere in the film, it is widely believed[by whom?] that it is "Peter". This myth arose as a result of a line of misheard dialogue.[16] In the scene where Monty meets the two actors, Withnail asks him if he would like a drink. In his reply, Monty both accepts his offer and says "...you must tell me all the news, I haven't seen you since you finished your last film". While pouring another drink, and downing his own, Withnail replies that he has been "Rather busy uncle. TV and stuff". Then pointing at Marwood he says "He's just had an audition for rep". Some fans hear this line as "Peter's had an audition for rep", although the original shooting script and all commercially published versions of the script read "he's".

Towards the end of the film, a telegram arrives at Crow Crag on which the name "Marwood" is partially visible.

Pre-productionEdit

Peter Frampton worked as make-up artist and Andrea Galer worked as costume designer.[17]

CastingEdit

Mary Selway worked as casting director.[17]

Paul McGann was Robinson's first choice for "I" but he was fired during rehearsals because Robinson decided McGann's Scouse (Liverpool) accent was wrong for the character. Several other actors read for the role but McGann eventually persuaded Robinson to re-audition him, promising to affect a Home Counties accent and quickly won back the part.[11]:109

Actors Robinson considered for "Withnail" included Daniel Day-Lewis,[18][19] Bill Nighy,[18][19] Kenneth Branagh,[18] and Edward Tudor-Pole.[19] Robinson claims that Richard E. Grant was too fat to play Withnail and told him that "half of you has got to go".[18] Grant has denied this.[20]

Though he played a raging alcoholic, Grant is a teetotaller with an allergy to alcohol. He had never been drunk prior to making the film. Robinson decided that it would be impossible for Grant to play the character without having ever experienced inebriation and a hangover, so he "forced" the actor on a drinking binge. Grant has stated that he was "violently sick" after each drink and found the experience deeply unpleasant.[21]

ProductionEdit

 
Sleddale Hall, the location used as Monty's cottage. This photo dates from 2007. The hall was restored in 2011–2012.

According to Richard E. Grant's book, With Nails, filming started on 2 August 1986 in the Lake District and shooting took seven weeks. A rough cut was screened to the actors in a Wardour Street screening room on 8 December 1986.[22] Denis O'Brien, who oversaw the filming on behalf of HandMade Films, nearly shut the film down on the first day of production. He thought that the film had no "discernible jokes" and was badly lit.[18] During the filming of the scene in which Withnail drinks a can of lighter fluid, Robinson changed the contents of the can between takes from water to vinegar to get a better reaction from Grant.[23] The film cost £1.1 million to make.[citation needed][a] Robinson received £80,000 to direct, £30,000 of which he reinvested into the film to shoot additional scenes such as the journeys to and from Penrith, which HandMade Films would not fund. The money was never reimbursed after the film's success.[11]:108–109 Ringo Starr is credited as a "Special Production Consultant" under his legal name, Richard Starkey MBE.[3][17]

CumbriaEdit

The film was not shot entirely on location. There was no filming in the real Penrith; the locations used were in and around nearby Shap and Bampton, Cumbria. Monty's cottage, "Crow Crag", is Sleddale Hall, near the Wet Sleddale Reservoir just outside Shap, although the lake that "Crow Crag" apparently overlooks is Haweswater Reservoir. The bridge where Withnail and Marwood go fishing with a shotgun is over the River Lowther. The telephone box in which Withnail calls his agent is beside Wideworth Farm Road in Bampton.[24]

Sleddale Hall was offered for sale in January 2009 with a starting price of £145,000.[25] Sebastian Hindley, who owns the Mardale Inn in Bampton, won the auction at a price of £265,000 but he failed to secure financing and the property was resold for an undisclosed sum to Tim Ellis, an architect from Kent, whose original bid failed at the auction.[26]

HertfordshireEdit

Exterior and ground floor interior shots of Crow Crag were shot at Sleddale Hall and Stockers Farm in Rickmansworth, though the bedroom and stair scenes of Crow Crag were filmed in Hertfordshire. Stockers Farm was also the location for the "Crow and Crown" pub.[27]

BuckinghamshireEdit

 
"The King Henry" played by the Crown Inn. The great elm tree outside the pub and shown in the film subsequently died of Dutch Elm Disease and has been replaced.

The "King Henry" pub and the "Penrith Tea Rooms" scenes were filmed in the Market Square in Stony Stratford, Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, at what is now The Crown Inn Stony Stratford and Cox & Robinson pharmacy, respectively.[28]

LondonEdit

Withnail and Marwood's flat was located at 57 Chepstow Place in Bayswater, W2. The shot of them leaving for Penrith as they turn left from the building being demolished was shot on Freston Road, W11.[27] "The Mother Black Cap" pub was played by "The Frog and Firkin" pub at 41 Tavistock Crescent, Westbourne Green, Notting Hill. For some time after the film, the pub was renamed "The Mother Black Cap", though it was sold and renamed several times before being demolished in 2010–2011.[28][29] The cafe where Marwood has breakfast at the beginning of the film is located at the corner of 136 Lancaster Road, W11 near the corner with Ladbroke Grove.[27] The scene where the police order Withnail and Marwood to "get in the back of the van" was filmed on the flyover near John Aird Court, Paddington.[27] Uncle Monty's house is actually the West House, Glebe Place, Chelsea, SW3.[27][28]

Shepperton StudiosEdit

The police station interior was shot at Shepperton Studios.[citation needed]

ReceptionEdit

Bruce Robinson won the Best Screenplay award at the 1988 Evening Standard British Film Awards.

In 1999, the British Film Institute voted Withnail and I the 29th greatest British film of all time. In 2017 a poll of 150 actors, directors, writers, producers and critics for Time Out magazine, the film was ranked the 15th best British film ever.[30] The line "We want the finest wines available to humanity, we want them here and we want them now", delivered by Richard E. Grant as Withnail, was voted the third favourite film one-liner in a 2003 poll of 1,000 film fans.[31]

In 2000, readers of Total Film voted Withnail and I the third greatest comedy film of all time.[citation needed] In 2004 the same magazine named it the 13th greatest British film of all time.[citation needed] In 2001, Withnail and I was 38th in Channel 4's 100 Greatest Films poll.[32] In a 2014 poll, readers of Empire voted Withnail and I the 92nd greatest film.[33]

The film holds a 94% "fresh" rating from 34 critics, and an average rating of 8.48 out of 10 from critic website Rotten Tomatoes.[34] In August 2009 The Observer polled 60 eminent British film filmmakers and film critics who voted it the second best British film of the last 25 years.[35] The film was also ranked number 118 in Empire's 500 Greatest Films of all Time list. In a four-star review, film critic Roger Ebert added the film to his "Great Movies" list, describing Grant's performance as a "tour de force" and Withnail as "one of the iconic figures in modern films".[36]

In 2007 a digitally remastered version of the film was released by the UK Film Council. It was shown at over fifty cinemas around the UK on 11 September, as part of the final week of the BBC's "Summer of British Film" season.[37] In 2011, Time Out London named it the 7th-greatest comedy film of all time.[38]

LegacyEdit

The film is routinely regarded as being among the finest British movies ever made, and its influence has been cited by several filmmakers, including directly inspiring: Shane Black's The Nice Guys, James Ponsoldt's The End of the Tour, Todd Sklar's Awful Nice, Jay and Mark Duplass's Jeff, Who Lives at Home, John Bryant's The Overbrook Brothers, David Gordon Green's Pineapple Express, Alexander Payne's Sideways, and Tom DiCillo's Box of Moonlight.[39][40][41][42][43][44][45]

There is a drinking game associated with the film.[46] The game consists of keeping up, drink for drink, with each alcoholic substance consumed by Withnail over the course of the film.[47][48] All told, Withnail is shown drinking roughly ​9 12 glasses of red wine, one-half imperial pint (280 ml) of cider, one shot of lighter fluid (vinegar or overproof rum are common substitutes), ​2 12 measures of gin, six glasses of sherry, thirteen drams of Scotch whisky and ​12 pint of ale.[49]

In 1992, filmmaker David Fincher attempted to create an unofficial reunion of sorts, when he tried casting all three of the film's main characters in Alien 3. McGann and Brown appear, however Richard E. Grant turned down his role. It eventually went to Charles Dance, who played the character of Clemens in the "spirit of Withnail".[50][self-published source?]

In 1996, the Los Angeles Times reported the film (and the associated drinking game) had achieved cult status prior to its home video re-release in the United States.[51]

In 2010, McGann said that he sometimes meets viewers who believe the film was actually shot in the 1960s, saying "It comes from the mid-1980s, but it sticks out like a Smiths record. Its provenance is from a different era. None of the production values, none of the iconography, none of the style remotely has it down as an 80s picture."[52]

SoundtrackEdit

Original music for the film was composed by David Dundas and Rick Wentworth.[17]

The film features a rare appearance of a recording by the Beatles, whose 1968 song "While My Guitar Gently Weeps" plays as Withnail and Marwood return to London and find Presuming Ed in the bath. The song, which was written and sung by George Harrison, was able to be included in the soundtrack due to Harrison's involvement in the film as one of the producers.[53][self-published source?]

There is a misconception among some fans of the film that King Curtis was murdered on the night his live performance of "A Whiter Shade of Pale" was recorded.[54] Ralph Brown, in the audio commentary on some DVD issues, wrongly states that he was shot in the car park after the concert.[citation needed] Curtis was stabbed to death in August 1971, some five months after the recording was made in March 1971. The recording comes from Curtis's album Live at Fillmore West.[55]

TracklistEdit

  1. "A Whiter Shade of Pale" (live) – King Curtis – 5:25
  2. "The Wolf" – David Dundas and Rick Wentworth – 1:33
  3. "All Along the Watchtower" (reduced tempo) – The Jimi Hendrix Experience – 4:10
  4. "To the Crow" – David Dundas and Rick Wentworth – 2:22
  5. "Voodoo Child (Slight Return)" (live) – The Jimi Hendrix Experience – 4:28
  6. "While My Guitar Gently Weeps" – The Beatles – 4:44
  7. "Marwood Walks" – David Dundas and Rick Wentworth – 2:14
  8. "Monty Remembers" – David Dundas and Rick Wentworth – 2:02
  9. "La Fite" – David Dundas and Rick Wentworth – 1:10
  10. "Hang Out the Stars in Indiana" – Al Bowlly and New Mayfair Dance Orchestra – 1:35
  11. "Crow Crag" – David Dundas and Rick Wentworth – 0:56
  12. "Cheval Blanc" – David Dundas and Rick Wentworth – 1:15
  13. "My Friend" – Charlie Kunz – 1:28
  14. "Withnail's Theme" – David Dundas and Rick Wentworth – 2:40

NotesEdit

  1. ^ About £3.2m today.
  1. ^ The character is named Marwood in the published screenplay but goes unnamed in the film credits.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Canby, Vincent (27 March 1987). "'Withnail and I', a Comedy". New York Times. Archived from the original on 29 March 2019. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  2. ^ "WITHNAIL AND I (15)". British Board of Film Classification. 27 March 1987. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
  3. ^ a b Withnail and I on IMDb
  4. ^ Russell, Jamie (October 2003). "How "Withnail & I" Became a Cult". BBC. Retrieved 28 December 2010.
  5. ^ "Robinson, Bruce. WITHNAIL AND I, EXTENSIVELY REVISED EARLY DRAFT OF THE ORIGINAL UNPUBLISHED NOVEL". sothebys.com. Sotheby's. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  6. ^ "Earliest version of cult classic Withnail and I will go under the hammer at Sotheby's". 12 December 2015.
  7. ^ Murphy, Peter. "Interview with Bruce Robinson". Archived from the original on 7 July 2007. Retrieved 7 August 2007.
  8. ^ Robinson, Bruce (1999). Withnail and Us. Channel 4. Event occurs at 1:31. The movie takes place over, um... you know, two or three weeks and the reality of the story was over two or three years.
  9. ^ Robinson, Bruce (1999). Withnail and Us. Channel 4. Event occurs at 3:43. The reason he's called Withnail is because when I was a little boy, um, I knew this bloke named Jonathan Withnall N-A-double-L and I 'cause I can't spell I called him 'Nail'. And he backed his Aston Martin into a police car coming out of a pub car park. And he was like the coolest guy I had ever met in my life so, consequently, that name stayed in my... my head.
  10. ^ "Romeo And Juliet (1968)". Film4. Archived from the original on 6 April 2012. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
  11. ^ a b c d e Owen, Alistair (2000). Smoking in Bed: Conversations with Bruce Robinson. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 9780747549826.
  12. ^ Robinson, Bruce (22 September 2017). Withnail & I 30 years on: star Richard E Grant and director Bruce Robinson discuss the film. British Film Institute. Event occurs at 16:16. And he leans over to me and says 'Are you a sponge or a stone?'
  13. ^ Robinson, Bruce (9 July 2001). "'Withnail and I' (essay)". The Criterion Collection. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  14. ^ Grant, Richard E. (1999). Withnail and Us. Channel 4. Event occurs at 5:34. Paul McGann's character is Marwood, uh, but he's only referred to as 'I' in the story.
  15. ^ McGann, Paul (1999). Withnail and Us. Channel 4. Event occurs at 6:02. Marwood was always like that little grain of sand...
  16. ^ Hewitt-McManus, Thomas: "Twenty things you might want to know about Withnail & I", DVD insert. Anchor Bay, 2006.
  17. ^ a b c d "Withnail & I (1988) - BFI". British Film Institute. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  18. ^ a b c d e Ong, Rachel. "Withnail and I in Camden". Time Out. Archived from the original on 20 February 2006. Retrieved 10 May 2008.
  19. ^ Grant, Richard E. (1999). Withnail and Us. Channel 4. Event occurs at 12:35. I've got pictures to prove it. I've never been fat. [...] I think that's part of the 'auteur' self-worship that directors indulge themselves in. [...] Bollocks to that!
  20. ^ "The World According To Grant". 17 January 2003.
  21. ^ With Nails, Richard E. Grant, 1996, pp. 10-43
  22. ^ "Withnail and I – Facts & Trivia". Withnail-links.com.
  23. ^ Scovell, Adam (11 April 2017). "In search of the Withnail & I locations 30 years on". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on 11 July 2019. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  24. ^ "Farmhouse from cult film for sale". BBC News. 19 January 2009. Retrieved 31 January 2009.
  25. ^ Wainwright, Martin (25 August 2009). "Some extremely distressing news: Withnail and I shrine falls through". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 25 August 2009.
  26. ^ a b c d e Paul Plowman. "Withnail & I Filming Locations". british-film-locations.com.
  27. ^ a b c "Withnail & I Filming Locations". movie-locations.com. The Worldwide Guide to Movie Locations. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  28. ^ "'We've run out of wine': Pub from Withnail and I demolished". Evening Standard. 23 February 2011. Archived from the original on 4 April 2017. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  29. ^ Calhoun, Dave; Huddleston, Tom; Jenkins, David; Adams, Derek; Andrew, Geoff; Davies, Adam Lee; Fairclough, Paul; Hammond, Wally; Kheraj, Alim; de Semlyen, Phil (10 September 2018). "The 100 best British films". Time Out. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  30. ^ Paterson, Michael (10 March 2003). "Caine takes top billing for the greatest one-liner on screen". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  31. ^ "Top 100 films poll". news.bbc.co.uk. BBC. 26 November 2001. Archived from the original on 19 June 2019. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  32. ^ Green, Willow (2 June 2014). "The 301 Greatest Movies of All Time". Empire. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  33. ^ Withnail and I at Rotten Tomatoes
  34. ^ Loach, Ken (30 August 2009). "The Observer Film Quarterly's best British films of the last 25 years". The Observer. London. Retrieved 31 August 2009.
  35. ^ Ebert, Roger (25 March 2009). "Withnail and I movie review & film summary". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  36. ^ "BBC – The Summer of British Film – What's On". BBC. Archived from the original on 22 April 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
  37. ^ Calhoun, Dave; et al. (12 December 2018). "100 Best Comedy Movies". Time Out London. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  38. ^ Keady, Martin (2 June 2017). "The Story Behind the Screenplay: Part 2". The Script Lab.
  39. ^ "Shane Black On Story: 212 Raising Stakes, Reversals, and Payoffs". PBS. 23 August 2012.
  40. ^ Keahon, Jena (31 January 2015). "Here are the Films That Inspired This Year's Sundance Filmmakers". IndieWire.
  41. ^ Turczyn, Coury (2 May 2018). "The making of Tom DiCillo's 'Box of Moonlight'". PopCultureMag.
  42. ^ "EP 155: Todd Sklar & Alex Rennie, David Gordon Green". Film Wax. 8 August 2013.
  43. ^ Gross, Terry (17 November 2011). "Troubled Paradise". NPR.
  44. ^ "SXSW Interview: "The Overbrook Brothers" Director John Bryant". IndieWire. 9 March 2009.
  45. ^ Turner, Luke (15 July 2008). "Withnail and I comes of age". The Quietus. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  46. ^ Jonze, Tim (14 November 2011). "My favourite film: Withnail and I". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 November 2011. I have to confess, I first heard about Withnail and I in terms of a drinking game – could you watch the film while matching the two lead characters shot for shot, pint for pint, Camberwell carrot for Camberwell carrot?
  47. ^ "The Withnail and I Drinking Game". Withnail-links.com. Retrieved 9 May 2009.
  48. ^ The Withnail and I Drinking Game, DVD Featurette. Anchor Bay Entertainment. 2006.
  49. ^ Hewitt-McManus, Thomas (2006). Withnail & I: Everything You Ever Wanted to Know But Were Too Drunk to Ask. Raleigh, North Carolina: Lulu Press Incorporated. p. 20. ISBN 978-1411658219.{self-published source|date=May 2020}}
  50. ^ Liebenson, Donald (10 November 1996). "'Withnail' and You: A Cult Fave Resurfaces". Archived from the original on 3 May 2020. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  51. ^ Dixon, Greg (21 October 2010). "Paul McGann coming in from the cult". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
  52. ^ Pirnia, Garin (19 March 2016). "13 Loaded Facts About Withnail and I". Mental Floss. Retrieved 7 December 2017. [self-published source]
  53. ^ "Withnail Links – Soundtrack". Withnail-links.com. Retrieved 14 December 2010.
  54. ^ "Top 25 Movie Music Moments". clashmusic.com. 27 March 2011. Retrieved 10 May 2019.

Further readingEdit

  • Ali Catterall and Simon Wells, Your Face Here: British Cult Movies Since The Sixties (Fourth Estate, 2001) ISBN 0007145543
  • Richard E. Grant, With Nails: The Film Diaries of Richard E. Grant (Picador, 1996) ISBN 0879519355
  • Kevin Jackson, Withnail & I (BFI, 2004) ISBN 1844570355
  • Alistair Owen (editor), Smoking in Bed: Conversations with Bruce Robinson (Bloomsbury, 2000) ISBN 0747552592
  • Bruce Robinson, Withnail & I: The Original Screenplay (Bloomsbury, 1995) ISBN 0747524939
  • Maisie Robson, Withnail and the Romantic Imagination: A Eulogy (King's England Press, 2010) ISBN 1872438644

External linksEdit