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Wirral South (UK Parliament constituency)

Coordinates: 53°20′03″N 3°02′00″W / 53.3342°N 3.0334°W / 53.3342; -3.0334

Wirral South is a constituency[n 1] in Merseyside represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Alison McGovern of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Wirral South
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Wirral South in Merseyside.
Outline map
Location of Merseyside within England.
CountyMerseyside
Electorate56,238 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlementsHeswall, Bebington
Current constituency
Created1983
Member of ParliamentAlison McGovern (Labour)
Number of membersOne
Created fromWirral
Bebington & Ellesmere Port
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencyNorth West England

Contents

HistoryEdit

In 1983 Wirral South arose for election following the national boundary review by taking over parts of two seats that were abolished to create it: Wirral and Bebington and Ellesmere Port, held by the Conservative Party since 1923 and 1979 respectively.

Political history

Barry Porter (Con) won the seat the first time when it was fought and at the next two general elections. He had ousted the Labour party candidate from Bebington and Ellesmere Port in 1979 which he held until the election in 1983. Following the death of Porter in late 1996, a by-election was held in February 1997, the last by-election of that Parliament, held a matter of weeks before the general election was called. It was won by Ben Chapman (Lab), who held the seat until retiring following controversy over his expenses.[2] Labour narrowly managed to hold on in the 2010 general election, electing Alison McGovern. She increased her majority to 4,599 in the 2015 election.[3] She was re-elected in 2017 with a majority of 8,323, an increase of 7% over 2015, the biggest majority Labour has ever held in the seat and the biggest majority for any party in Wirral South since 1987.[4]

BoundariesEdit

Since its creation in 1983, the constituency has consisted of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral wards of Bebington, Bromborough, Clatterbridge, Eastham, and Heswall.

The constituency is one of four covering the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, covering the south of the borough. It contains the towns of Heswall and Bebington (both wards) and the villages of Bromborough (also a ward), Eastham, Brimstage and Thornton Hough.

Constituency profileEdit

Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers, which is a proportion of total unemployed claimants, were in November 2012 much lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.3% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian. This was also lower than the regional average.[5]

2015 general electionEdit

The terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 mandated that the election was held on 7 May 2015. Alison McGovern was the sitting Member of Parliament for the Labour Party. The Conservative Party selected John Bell. Bell had previously stood for election in Clwyd South (2010)[6] and Delyn (2005).[7] He had also stood twice to be a Welsh Assembly Member.[8][9] He stood in a local council by-election in 2011, for Wrexham County Council.[10]

Members of ParliamentEdit

Election Member[11] Party Notes
1983 Barry Porter Conservative Died in office November 1996
1997 by-election Ben Chapman Labour
2010 Alison McGovern Labour

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 2010sEdit

June 2017Edit

General election 2017: Wirral South[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Alison McGovern 25,871 57.2  9.0
Conservative Adam Sykes 17,548 38.8  1.6
Liberal Democrat Christopher Carubia 1,322 2.9  0.6
Green Mandi Roberts 454 1.0  1.1
Majority 8,323 18.4  7.4
Turnout 45,195 78.4  4.9
Labour hold Swing  3.7

May 2015Edit

General election 2015: Wirral South[13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Alison McGovern 20,165 48.2  7.4
Conservative John Bell 15,566 37.2  2.2
UKIP David Scott 3,737 8.9  5.7
Liberal Democrat Elizabeth Jewkes 1,474 3.5  13.0
Green Paul Cartlidge 895 2.1 New
Majority 4,599 11.0  8.7
Turnout 41,837 73.5  2.4
Labour hold Swing  4.9

May 2010Edit

General election 2010: Wirral South[15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Alison McGovern 16,276 40.8  1.7
Conservative Jeff Clarke 15,745 39.5  6.3
Liberal Democrat Jamie Saddler 6,611 16.6  5.0
UKIP David Scott 1,274 3.2  1.6
Majority 531 1.3  8.1
Turnout 39,906 71.1  3.4
Labour hold Swing  4.0

Elections in the 2000sEdit

May 2005Edit

General election 2005: Wirral South[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ben Chapman 16,892 42.5  4.9
Conservative Carl Cross 13,168 33.2  1.6
Liberal Democrat Simon Holbrook 8,568 21.6  3.8
UKIP David Scott 616 1.6 N/A
Independent Laurence Jones 460 1.2 N/A
Majority 3,724 9.4  3.2
Turnout 39,704 67.5  1.9

June 2001Edit

General election 2001: Wirral South[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ben Chapman 18,890 47.4  3.5
Conservative Tony Millard 13,841 34.8  1.6
Liberal Democrat Philip Gilchrist 7,087 17.8  7.4
Majority 5,049 12.6  2.0
Turnout 39,818 65.6  15.4
Labour hold Swing  1.0

Elections in the 1990sEdit

May 1997Edit

General election 1997: Wirral South[19][20][21][22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ben Chapman 24,499 50.9  16.3
Conservative Les Byrom 17,495 36.4  14.4
Liberal Democrat Philip Gilchrist 5,018 10.4  2.7
Referendum Donald Wilcox 768 1.6 N/A
People's Labour Jane Nielsen 264 0.5 N/A
Natural Law Geoffrey Mead 51 0.1  0.2
Majority 7,004 14.6  1.7
Turnout 48,095 81.0  1.3
Labour gain from Conservative Swing  15.4

February 1997Edit

By-election 1997: Wirral South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ben Chapman 22,767 52.6  18.0
Conservative Leslie Byrom 14,879 34.4  16.5
Liberal Democrat Helen Clucas 4,357 10.1  3.0
UKIP Richard North 410 0.9 N/A
Independent Harold Bence 184 0.4 N/A
Socialist Labour Michael Cullen 156 0.4 N/A
Disillusioned Conservative Phillip Gott 148 0.3 N/A
Independent Roger Taylor 132 0.3 N/A
Independent – anti tobacco donation Anthony Samuelson 124 0.3 N/A
Natural Law Geoffery Mead 52 0.1  0.2
21st Century Foresters Colin Palmer 44 0.1 N/A
Independent – Thalidomide Action Group Frederick Astbury 40 0.1 N/A
Majority 7,888 18.2  1.9
Turnout 60,512 71.5  10.8
Labour gain from Conservative Swing  17.2

April 1992Edit

General election 1992: Wirral South[23][24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Barry Porter 25,590 50.8  0.6
Labour Helen Southworth 17,407 34.6  6.6
Liberal Democrat Edward T. Cunniffe 6,581 13.1  8.7
Green Nigel Birchenough 584 1.2 N/A
Natural Law George Griffiths 182 0.4 N/A
Majority 8,183 16.3  5.9
Turnout 50,344 82.3  2.9
Conservative hold Swing  3.0

Elections in the 1980sEdit

June 1987Edit

General election 1987: Wirral South[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Barry Porter 24,821 50.2  3.5
Labour John Swarbrooke 13,858 28.0  5.4
Liberal Philip Gilchrist 10,779 21.8  1.9
Majority 10,963 22.2  7.8
Turnout 62,251 79.4  3.6
Conservative hold Swing  3.9

June 1983Edit

General Election 1983: Wirral South[26]
Party Candidate Votes %
Conservative Barry Porter 24,766 53.7
Social Democratic Peter Hollingworth 10,928 23.7
Labour Keith Rimmer 10,411 22.6
Majority 13,838 30.0
Turnout 60,864 75.8
Conservative win (new seat)

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. ^ "Ben Chapman becomes first Labour MP to stand down over expenses". Chapman Resigns. London: The Guardian. 21 May 2009. Retrieved 2011-01-10.
  3. ^ Osborn, Matt; Straumann, Ralph; Franklin, Will; Clarke, Seán. "UK 2015 general election results in full". Guardian. Guardian Media News Group. Retrieved 5 May 2018.
  4. ^ BBC. BBC https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/politics/constituencies/E14001043. Retrieved 5 May 2018. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  6. ^ BBC News http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/election2010/results/constituency/w22.stm. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ BBC News http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/vote2005/html/180.stm. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ http://www.senedd.assemblywales.org/mgElectionAreaResults.aspx?ID=4
  9. ^ "BBC NEWS, Welsh Assembly Election 2007, Clwyd South". BBC News.
  10. ^ http://www.wrexham.gov.uk/assets/pdfs/electoral/declaration_result_marchwiel_june11.pdf
  11. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 4)
  12. ^ "General Election 2017: who is standing for election". Liverpool Echo. 11 May 2017.
  13. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  14. ^ "Wirral South". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
  15. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  16. ^ "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Wirral South". BBC News.
  17. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  18. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  19. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  20. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 2011-01-10.
  21. ^ C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.177 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
  22. ^ Swings are calculated relative to the 1992 election result, not the by-election result.
  23. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  24. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  25. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  26. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.