Wintermärchen is an opera by Philippe Boesmans to a libretto by Luc Bondy and Marie-Louise Bischofberger after Shakespeare's The Winter's Tale. It was premiered on 10 December 1999 at La Monnaie in Brussels. The German premiere followed in 2001 at the Staatstheater Braunschweig.
|Opera by Philippe Boesmans|
|Language||German / English|
|Based on||Shakespeare's The Winter's Tale|
10 December 1999
La Monnaie, Brussels
Philippe Boesmans has been composer in residence at Théâtre Royal de la Monnaie in Brussels, where he successfully showed Reigen in 1993, a literary opera after the play Reigen by Arthur Schnitzler, on a libretto by Luc Bondy. Now assisted by the writer Marie-Louise Bischofberger, Boesmans and Bondy created Wintermärchen after Shakespeare's play The Winter's Tale.
The opera is dedicated to Bernard, Annick Foccroulle, and Harry Halbreich. The premiere on 10 December 1999 at La Monnaie was staged by Bondy on a set by Erich Wonder, conducted by Antonio Pappano and choreographed by Lucinda Childs. It was a great success, selling out eleven times. The production was shown in November 2000 at the Festival d’Automne in Paris.
The opera was performed in 2001 in Braunschweig, in 2002 at the Neue Oper Wien and in Nürnberg, and in 2004 at the Liceu in Barcelona. A recording of the Brussels performance was recorded, and presented on 29 November 2000 on TV (Arte) and in 2015/2016 on internet TV (ARTE Concert).
|Role||Voice type||Premiere cast, 10 December 1999|
Conductor: Antonio Pappano
|Leontes, King of Sicily||baritone||Dale Duesing|
|Hermione, his wife||soprano||Susan Chilcott|
|Mamillius, their son||child's voice|
|Polixenes, King of Bohemia||tenor||Anthony Rolfe Johnson|
|Camillo, confident of Leontes||bass||Franz-Josef Selig|
|Antigonus, her husband||baritone||Juha Kotilainen|
|Florizel, son of Polixenes||jazz-rock singer||Kris Dane|
|Bohemian soldier||Arthur Debski|
|Ladies and gentlemen in waiting, Bohemians||choir|
The libretto stays close to Shakespeare's play, and is "skilfully abbreviated and adapted", according to one reviewer, but because "neither [Boesmans nor Bondy] could bear to cut Shakespeare's original", they wrote the Sicilian scenes mostly in German, a language in which both librettist and composer were fluent. The scenes on the seacoast of Bohemia, in the third act, are mostly in English, accompanied by jazz-rock music. In the premiere and the first recording this was performed by the Belgian group Aka Moon. They invented the role of Green, who personifies Time and is a Shakespearean jester holding the scenes together.
The music at times alludes to Mozart, Richard Strauss, and Alban Berg. Claudio Monteverdi is quoted literally. Boesmans writes lyrical and singable parts, and finely detailed orchestration. He uses music described as expressionist to characterize Leontes who is insane with jealousy, causing pain and guilt. The music for Hermione, his wife, is full of passion and warmth. A reviewer summarizes that "the sometimes eclectic melodic and harmonic characteristics of his music [are] accessible yet challenging".
- Wintermärchen, Dale Duesing (Leontes), Susan Chilcott (Hermione), Cornelia Kallisch (Paulina), Anthony Rolfe Johnson (Polixenes), Franz-Joseph Selig (Camillo), Heinz Zednik (Le Temps), Juha Kotilainen (Antigonus), Johanne Saunier (Perdita), with the jazz band Aka Moon, conducted by Antonio Pappano on Deutsche Grammophon.
- Christopher, Thomas. "Philippe BOESMANS (b. 1936) / Wintermärchen". musicweb-international.com. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "Philippe Boesmans (1936) / Wintermärchen (1997–1999) / opéra en quatre actes" (in French). IRCAM. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- Oliver, Michael. "Boesmans Wintermärchen". Gramophone. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- ""Wintermärchen" beim Festival d'Automne". ots.at (in German). Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "Wintermärchen". operinwien.at (in German). Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "Boesmans, Philippe". umpgclassical.com. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- Schulz, Reinhard. "Feines Ohr für Klang und Wirkung". neue musikzeitung (in German). Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- Wintermärchen Operone
- "Wintermärchen von Philippe Boesmans" (in German). ARTE Concert. Retrieved 23 December 2015.