Winterberg (Westphalian: Winnenmerg) is a town in the Hochsauerland district of North Rhine-Westphalia, central Germany and a major winter sport resort of the Wintersport Arena[3] Sauerland.

Winterberg
Winter view of Winterberg in 2006
Winter view of Winterberg in 2006
Flag of Winterberg
Coat of arms of Winterberg
Location of Winterberg within Hochsauerlandkreis district
HesseSiegen-WittgensteinHöxter (district)Olpe (district)Paderborn (district)Soest (district)Märkischer KreisOlsbergMeschedeWinterbergMarsbergBestwigEsloheSundernHallenbergMedebachBrilonSchmallenbergArnsbergNorth Rhine-WestphaliaWinterberg in HSK.svg
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Winterberg is located in Germany
Winterberg
Winterberg
Winterberg is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Winterberg
Winterberg
Coordinates: 51°12′N 08°31′E / 51.200°N 8.517°E / 51.200; 8.517Coordinates: 51°12′N 08°31′E / 51.200°N 8.517°E / 51.200; 8.517
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionArnsberg
DistrictHochsauerlandkreis
Subdivisions14
Government
 • Mayor (2020–25) Michael Beckmann[1] (CDU)
Area
 • Total147.86 km2 (57.09 sq mi)
Highest elevation
600 m (2,000 ft)
Lowest elevation
450 m (1,480 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[2]
 • Total12,442
 • Density84/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
59955
Dialling codes02981
Vehicle registrationHSK
Websitewww.winterberg.de
Winterberg

GeographyEdit

Winterberg is located in the middle of the Sauerland, at the source of the Ruhr and Lenne rivers.

Neighbouring municipalitiesEdit

Division of the townEdit

After the local government reforms of 1975 Winterberg consists of 15 districts:

  • Altastenberg
  • Altenfeld
  • Elkeringhausen
  • Grönebach
  • Hildfeld
  • Hoheleye
  • Langewiese
  • Lenneplätze
  • Mollseifen
  • Neuastenberg
  • Niedersfeld
  • Siedlinghausen
  • Silbach
  • Winterberg
  • Züschen

HistoryEdit

Town OriginEdit

Winterberg was declared a city by Archbishop Konrad von Hochstaden (1238-’61) about 1270. The foundation of the city of Winterberg was presumably carried out together with the cloister in Küstelberg. Here indicates a document of 1276 in which the rights are regulated in the town between archbishop and cloister. In this document a church is mentioned in Winterberg whose precursor presumably goes back till the time about 1225. The city fortification seems to have granted in the 14th century first only very much restricted protection. The count von Waldeck conquered the town 1321. About 1357 Winterberg became destroyed by Gottfried IV. von Arnsberg during his war with the Cologne archbishop Wilhelm von Gennep . For the reconstruction the archbishop granted an at first ten-year-old tax freedom. This was extended in 1370 and 1374 in each case by other five years. At this time Winterberg owned the same town right like Hallenberg. Winterberg was a member of the Hanseatic League from the 13th until the 17th century. The town was in the middle of two trade roads, Heidenstrasse between Cologne and Kassel and Heerstrasse between Frankfurt am Main and Soest. The bad agricultural conditions led to the fact that trade played a central role as a life basis of the town.

Deserted Medieval TownEdit

Between 1350 and 1500 the surrounding settlements of Wernsdorf, Merleheim, Haarfeld, Günninghausen and Elkeringhausen were abandoned by their inhabitants. They often moved to Winterberg while they maintained the possession rights on their land. The abandonment of the old settlements is likely related to the plague and also to the frequent feuds and lootings of the time, since bigger towns offered a better protection against enemy troops. Only the cities/towns of Winterberg, Hallenberg, Schmallenberg and Medebach were presumably inhabited at this time. The surrounding areas were most likely left completely deserted.

Modern times 'til the end of the Thirty Years' War (1500–1650)Edit

By the acquisition of region "Marken" the area of Winterberg strongly extended. There were similar trends in neighbouring towns. At the beginning of the 16th century Winterberg expanded her farmland in the area of Astenberg. Thereby they got during conflict with the count of von Waldeck who owned rights in the neighbouring village Nordenau. From southwest her territorial claims overlapped with the county Wittgenstein. This quarrel stretched with both opponents up to the end of the 18th century. In a comparison with Wittgenstein 1783 the debatable area was split. During the Thirty Years' War the neighbouring town Medebach and Hallenberg were 1634 destroyed by Hessian troops. Both had to suffer very much from contributions, lootings and murders. Besides, still the plague broke out soon afterwards. Both towns thereby had to register big population losses. This destiny seems to have remained saved to the city of Winterberg to a great extent. An important clue for this is that in 1638/39 the town council could buy a new organ for 240 imperial talers. Vice versa this could be the trigger for a vain siege of the town about 1640. The Winterberger shooters repulsed therefore attacking Hessen and Sweden successfully.

Witch huntsEdit

As in many other places in the Duchy of Westphalia, between the 16th and 18th centuries, witch trials and executions took place in Winterberg. The exact number is unknown because the source material is extremely poor. Documented witch trials took place in 1523, probably 1562, 1629 and possibly 1728. On November 19, 1993, at the site of the "Winterberger Halsgerichts" a monument was opened as a memorial to the victims of the 16th century witch hunts.

Points of interestEdit

The second highest mountain of the Sauerland, the Kahler Asten in the Rothaargebirge, is located in the city area, which also contains the spring of the Lenne and Ruhr rivers.

SportEdit

The city is one of the winter sports centers of the Sauerland, best known probably for the bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton track. In 2003, there were the first official World Wok Championships, initiated by Stefan Raab.

Coat of armsEdit

The arms show the city (the city walls only existed between 1261 and 1266) behind the patron of the city, Saint James, as Winterberg is located on one of the Ways of St. James.

International relationsEdit

Winterberg is twinned with:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wahlergebnisse in NRW Kommunalwahlen 2020, Land Nordrhein-Westfalen, accessed 21 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2020" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  3. ^ wintersport-arena.de

External linksEdit